Mass Media in Wartime: 1898 to Present [index]

(see also  Propaganda and Nationalism, Freedom of Press and Speech, Biography and Memoirs)

 

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

The Korean War

The Vietnam War

The Persian Gulf Wars

Other Conflicts

War Correspondents and Military Journalism

Spanish-American War [index] [top of page]

Allen, Douglas.  Frederic Remington and the Spanish American War.  New York: Crown Publishing, 1971.

Andreau, Darien E.  “Sylvester H. Scovel, Journalist, and the Spanish American War.”  PhD dissertation, Florida State University, 2003.  (New York World)

Auxier, George W.  "Middle Western Newspapers and the Spanish-American War, 1895-1898."  Mississippi Valley Historical Review 26:4 (March 1940): 523-534.

Baker, Ray Stannard.  “How the News of the War is Reported.”  McClure’s Magazine (September 1898).

Bouvier, Virginia M.  Whose War: The War of 1898 and the Battle to Define the Nation.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2001.

Brisbane, Arthur.  “The Modern Newspaper in Wartime.”  Cosmopolitan (September 1898).

Brown, Charles H.  The Correspondents' War: Journalists and the Spanish-American War.  New York: Scribner's, 1967.

Brown, Charles B.  “A Woman’s Odyssey: The War Correspondence of Anna Benjamin.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Autumn 1969): 522-530. 

Campbell, W. Joseph.  "Not Likely Sent: The Remington-Hearst 'Telegrams,'" Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 77:2 (Summer 2000): 405–422.
   
Campbell, W. Joseph. Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2001.

Campbell, W. Joseph.  "Not a Hoax: New Evidence in the New York Journal’s Rescue of Evangelina Cisneros."  American Journalism 19: 4 (Fall 2002): 67–94.

Campbell, W. Joseph.  The Spanish-American War.  American Wars and Media in Primary Documents.   Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005.

Carey, Craig.  “Breaking the News: Telegraphy and Yellow Journalism in the Spanish-American War.”  American Periodicals 26:2 (2016): 130-148.

Davis, Richard Harding.  The Cuban and Porto Rican Campaigns.  New York: Scribner's, 1898.

Lemons, J. Stanley.  "The Cuban Crisis of 1895-1898: Newspapers and Nativism."  Missouri Historical Review 60:1 (October 1965): 63-74.

Mander, Mary S.  "Pen and Sword: Problems of Reporting the Spanish-American War."  Journalism History 9:1 (Spring 1982): 2-9, 28.

Miller, Bonnie.  “The Spectacle of War: A Study of Spanish-American War Visual and Popular Culture.”  PhD dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 2006.

Nasaw, David.  The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst. Boston: Mariner Books, 2000.

Offner, John.  The Unwanted War: The Diplomacy of the United States and Spain Over Cuba.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Olaskey, Marvin N.  "Hawks or Doves?  Texas Press and the Spanish-American War."  Journalism Quarterly 64 (Spring 1987): 205-208.

Potter, Simon J. “Jingoism, Public Opinion, and the New Imperialism: Newspapers and Imperial Rivalries at the fin de siècle.Media History 20 (January 2014): 34–50.

Seelye, John.  War Games: Richard Harding Davis and the New Imperialism.   Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2003.

Spencer, David R.  The Yellow Journalism: The Press and America’s Emergence as a World Power.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2007.

Squires, Grant.  "Experiences of a War Censor."  Atlantic Monthly (March 1899): 425-32.  (Spanish-American War)

Sylwester, Harold J.  "The Kansas Press and the Coming of the Spanish-American War."  Historian 31 (1969): 251-267.

Welter, Mark M.  "The 1895-1898 Cuban Crisis in Minnesota Papers: Testing the 'Yellow Journalism' Theory."  Journalism Quarterly 47 (Winter 1970): 719-724.

Wisan, Joseph.  The Cuban Crisis as Reflected in the New York Press.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1934.  (reprinted in 1965 by Octagon Books)

World War I [index] [top of page]

Abel, Richard. “Charge and Countercharge: ‘Documentary’ War Pictures in the USA, 1914–1916.” Film History 22 (December 2010): 366–388.

Bean, Walton E.  "The Accuracy of Creel Committee News, 1917-1919: An Examination of Cases." Journalism Quarterly 18 (September 1941): 263.

Bean, Walton E.  "George Creel and His Critics: A Study of the Attacks on the Committee on Public Information." PhD dissertation, University of California-Berkeley, 1941.

Bennett, Scott H., and Charles F. Howlett, eds.  Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2016.

Bridges, Lamar W.  “The Zimmerman Telegram: Reaction of Southern, Southwestern Newspapers.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Spring 1969): 81-86.

Capazzola, Christopher.  "The Only Badge You Need is your Patriotic Fervor: Vigilance, Coercion, and the Law in World War I America."  Journal of American History 48 (March 2002): 1354-1382.

Capozzolo, Christopher.  Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Complete Report of the Chairman of the Committee on Public Information- 1917:1918:1919.  Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1920.

Cornebise, Alfred E.  War as Advertised: The Four Minute Men and America's Crusade, 1917-1918.  Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1984.

Cornebise, Alfred E.  The Stars and Stripes: Doughboy Journalism in World War I.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984. 

Cornwell, Elmer F., Jr.  "Wilson, Creel, and the Presidency."  Public Opinion Quarterly 23 (Summer 1959): 189-202.

Coventry, Michael T.  “Editorials at a Glance: Cultural Policy, Gender, and Modernity in the World War I Bureau of Cartoons.”  Review of Policy Research 24:2 (2007): 97-117.

Creel, George.  How We Advertised America. New York: Harper Brothers, 1920.   (new paperback available)

Crozier, Emmet.  American Reporters on the Western Front, 1914-1918.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1959.

DeBauche, Leslie MidkiffReel Patriotism: The Movies and World War I. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1997.

Dubbs, Chris.  American Journalists in the Great War: Rewriting the Rules of Reporting.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2017.

Dunbar, Burton L.  Art and Propaganda: Images of Ourselves and out Enemies, 1914-1918.  Kansas City: Liberty Memorial Museum, 1987.

Glende, Philip M. “Victor Berger’s Dangerous Ideas: Censoring the Mail to Preserve National Security during World War I.” Essays in Economic and Business History 26 (2008): 5–20.

Fulwider, Chad R.  German Propaganda and U.S. Neutrality in World War I.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2016.

Gruber, Carol S.  Mars and Minerva: World War I and the Uses of Higher Education in America.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1975.

Hamilton, John Maxwell, ed.  A Journalist’s Diplomatic Mission: Ray Stannard Baker’s World War I Diary. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Hatch, Vicky Ann. “A Study of How Letters to the Editor Published in The Stars and Stripes Newspaper between March 1, 1918, and November 15, 1918, Reflected the Morale of the Troops during World War I.”  PhD dissertation, University of Wyoming, 2009.

Hayden, Joseph H.  Negotiating in the Press: American Journalism and Diplomacy, 1918-1919.  Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2010.

Hecht, George J.  The War in Cartoons: A History of the War in 100 Cartoons by 27 of the Most Prominent American Cartoonists.  New York: Dutton, 1919.

Hildebrand, Robert C.  Power and the People: Executive Management of Public Opinion in Foreign Affairs, 1897-1921.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.

Hogan, J. Michael.  Woodrow Wilson’s Western Tour: Rhetoric, Public Opinion, and the League of Nations.  College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2006.

Horne, John. "German Atrocities, 1914: Fact, Fantasy or Fabrication?" History Today 52: 4 (April 2002): 47-53.

Isenberg, Michael T.  War on Film: The American Cinema and World War I, 1914-1941.  East Brunswick, NJ: Associated University Press, 1981.

James, Pearl, ed. Picture This: World War I Posters and Visual Culture.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Jeffrey, Caitlín Marie Thérèse. “Journey through Unfamiliar Territory: American Reporters and the First World War.”  PhD dissertation, University of California- Irvine, 2007.

Johnson, Donald.  "Wilson, Burlson, and Censorship in the First World War."  Journal of Southern History 28 (1962): 46-58.

Johnson, Donald.  The Challenge to American Freedom.  World War I and the Rise of the American Civil Liberties Union.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1963.

Jordan, William G.  Black Newspapers and America's War For Democracy, 1914-1920.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Kennedy, David M.  Over Here: The First World War and American Society.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Klekowski, Edward J., and Libby Klekowski.  Eyewitnesses to the Great War: American Writers, Reporters, Volunteers and Soldiers in France, 1914-1918. Jefferson: McFarland, 2012.

Krass, Peter.  Portrait of War: The U.S. Army’s First Combat Artists and the Doughboys’ Experience in WWI.  Hoboken: Wiley, 2007.

Larson, Cedric.  "Censorship of Army News During the World War." Journalism Quarterly 17 (December 1940): 313.

Lasswell, Harold D.  Propaganda Technique in the World War.  New York: Peter Smith, 1927.

Laurie, Clayton D. "'The Chanting of Crusaders': Captain Heber Blanklerhorn and AEF Combat Propaganda in World War I." The Journal of Military History 59: 3 (July 1995): 457-481.

Lorenz, Alfred L.  "Ralph W. Tyler: The Unknown Correspondent of World War I."  Journalism History 31:1 (Spring 2005): 2-12.

McKible, Adam.  “We Return Fighting: Black Doughboys and the Battle of Representation.  American Periodicals 26:2 (2016): 167-182.

Marcellus, Jane. “Dear D’: Sophie Treadwell’s 1915 Correspondence from the ‘Big War Theatre.” American Journalism 29 (Fall 2012): 68–93.

Martin, Richard.  “The Great War and the Great Image: J.C. Leyendecker’s World War I Covers for the Saturday Evening Post.” Journal of American Culture 20: 1 (Spring 1997): 55-74.

Mastrangelo, Lisa.  “World War I, Public Intellectuals, and the Four Minute Men: Convergent Ideals of Public Speaking and Civic Participation.”  Rhetoric and Public Affairs 12:4 (2009): 607-633.

Millis, Walter.  The Road to War: America 1914-1917.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1935.

Mock, James R.  Censorship, 1917.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1941.

Mock, James R., and Cedric Larson. Words That Won the War: The Story of the Committee on Public Information, 1917-1919. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1939.

Mulcrone, Mick. "'Those Miserable Little Hounds': World War I Censorship of the Irish World.”  Journalism History 20:1 (Spring 1994):15-24 .

Nafziger, Ralph O.  "The American Press and Public Opinion During the World War, 1914 to April 1917." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1936.

Nibbe, Kevin L.  "The Greatest Opportunity: American Artists and the Great War."  PhD dissertation, University of Texas, 2000.

Nichols, Jeff.  “Propaganda, Chicago Newspapers, and the Political Economy of Newsprint during the First World War.”  Journalism History 43:1 (Spring 2017): 21-31.

O'Keefe, Kevin.  A Thousand Deadlines:  The New York City Press and American Neutrality.  The Hague: Nijhoff, 1972.

Oukrop, Carol.  “The Four Minute Men Became a National Network During World War I.”  Journalism Quarterly 52 (Winter 1975): 632-637.

Ponder, Stephen.  "Presidential Publicity and Executive Power: Woodrow Wilson and the Centralization of Governmental Information."  American Journalism 11:3 (Summer 1994): 257-269.

Ponder, Stephen.  “Popular Propaganda: The Food Administration in World War I.”  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 72:3  (Autumn 1995): 539-550.

Pressman, Matthew. “Black and White and Red All Over?” Journalism History 39 (Spring 2013): 29–39.  Red Scare 1919

Rawls, Walton.  Wake Up, America!: World War I and the American Poster.  New York: Abbeville Press, 1988.

Read, James Morgan. Atrocity Propaganda, 1914-1919.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1941.

Reed Winkler, Jonathan.  Nexus: Strategic Communications and American Security in World War I.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Sayer, John.  "Art and Politics, Dissent and Repression: The Masses Magazine Versus the Government, 1917-1918."  American Journal of Legal History 32 (January 1988): 42-78.

Scheiber, Harry N.  The Wilson Administration and Civil Liberties.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1960.

Smith, Shane A. “The Crisis in the Great War: W. E. B. Du Bois and His Perception of African-American Participation in World War I.” Historian 70 (Summer 2008): 239–262.

Startt, James D.  “Wilson’s Trip to Paris: Profile of a Press Response.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Winter 1969): 737-742.

Startt, James D.  Woodrow Wilson, the Great War, and the Fourth Estate.  College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2017.

Stephens, Rodney.  "Shattered Windows, German Spies, and Zigzag Trenches: World War I Through the Eyes of Richard Harding Davis."  Historian 65:1 (Fall 2002): 43-74.

Stevens, John D.  “The Press and Community Toleration: Wisconsin in World War I.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Summer 1969): 255-259.

Sweeney, Michael S.  “Reporters and Willing Propagandists: AEF Correspondents Define Their Roles.” American Journalism 29:1 (Winter 2012): 7-31.

Thompson, John A.  Reformers and War: American Progressive Publicists and the First World War.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Van Schaack, Eric.  “The Division of Pictorial Publicity in World War I.”  Design Issues 22 (Winter 2006): 32–45.

Vaughn, Stephen. Holding Fast the Inner Lines: Democracy, Nationalism and the Committee on Public Information. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Winkler, Jonathan Reed.  Nexus: Strategic Communications and American Security in World War I.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Wolper, Gregg. "Wilsonian Public Diplomacy: The Committee on Public Information in Spain." Diplomatic History 17: 1 (Winter 1993): 17-34.

Zacher, Dale E.  The Scripps Papers Go To War, 1914-18.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

World War II [index] [top of page]

Alkebulan, Paul.  The African-American Press in World War II: Toward Victory at Home and Abroad.  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2014.

Allen, Ann.  “The News Media and the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps: Protagonists for a Cause.”  Military Affairs 50 (April 1986): 77-83.

Allen, Chris W. “Reporting World War II for the Local Audience: Jack Shelley’s Experience as a Local Radio Reporter in the European Theater.” American Journalism 17:1 (2000): 35–52.

Alves, Andre J., and Evan Roberts. “Rosie the Riveter’s Job Market: Advertising for Women Workers in World War II Los Angeles.” Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas 9 (Fall 2012): 53–68.

Amana, Harry.  "The Art of Propaganda: Charles Alston's World War II Editorial Cartoons for the Office of War Information and the Black Press."  American Journalism 21: 2 (Spring 2004): 79-111.

Beasley, Maurine. “Women and Journalism in World War II: Discrimination and Progress.” American Journalism 12, no. 3 (1995): 321–33.

Bentley, Amy.  Eating for Victory: Food Rationing and the Politics of Domesticity.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Berg, Thomas H.  "Silence Speeds Victory: The History of the United States Office of Censorship." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Nebraska, 1999.

Bernstein, Mark, and Alex LubertozziWorld War II on the Air: Edward R. Murrow and the Broadcasts That Riveted a Nation.  New York: Source Books/Mediafusion, 2003.

Blanchard, Margaret A. "Freedom of the Press in World War II: Historiographic Essay." American Journalism 12 (Summer 1995): 342-358.

Bishop, Robert L., and LaMar S. Mackay.  "Mysterious Silence, Lyrical Scream: Government Information in World War II."  Journalism Monographs 19 (May 1971).

Bishop, Ronald.  "To Protect and Serve:  The 'Guard Dog' Function of Journalism in the Coverage of the Japanese-American Internment."  Journalism and Communication Monographs 2:2 (Summer 2000).

Bishop, Ronald, with Morgan Dudkewitz, Alissa Falcone, and Renee Daggett.  Community Newspapers and the Japanese-American Incarceration Camps: Community, Not Controversy.  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2016.

Braverman, Jordan.  To Hasten the Homecoming: How Americans Fought World War II Through the Media.  Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1996.

Brewer, Susan A.  To Win the Peace: British Propaganda in the United States During World War II.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.  

Brinkley, David.  Washington Goes to War.  New York: Random House, 1988.

Broussard, Jinx Coleman, and John Maxwell Hamilton.  “Covering a Two Front War: Three African American Correspondents During World War II.”  American Journalism 22:3 (Summer 2005): 33-54.

Buell, Hal.  Uncommon Valor, Common Virtue: Iwo Jima and the Photograph That Captured America.  New York: Berkley, 2006.

Butcher, Harry C.  My Three Years with Eisenhower.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1946. (CBS, US Army press liaison)

Carey, Michael Clay.  “Community Journalism in a Secret City: The Oak Ridge Journal, 1943-48.”  Journalism History 39:1 (Spring 2013): 2-14.

Casey, Steven.  Cautious Crusade: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Public Opinion, and the War Against Nazi Germany.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Casey, Steven.  The War Beat, Europe: The American Media at War Against Nazi Germany.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Charnley, Mitchell.  News by Radio. New York: Macmillan, 1948.

Cleary, Johanna.  “Genet on the Air: Janet Flanner’s Wartime Broadcasts.”  Journalism History 35:1 (Spring 2009): 34-41.

Coleman, Penny.  Where the Action Was: Women Correspondents in World War II.  New York: Crown, 2002.

Collier, Richard.  Fighting Words: The War Correspondents of World War II.  New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989.

Cooper, Caryl A.  “The Chicago Defender: Filling in the Gaps for the Office of Civilian Defense, 1941-1945.”  Western Journal of Black Studies 23:1 (1999): 111-118.

Corbalis, Kathy J.  “Atomic Bill’ Laurence: He Reported the Birth of the A-Bomb.”  Media History Review 5:3 (Summer 1985): 9-11, 28-30.

Cozma, Raluca.  “Were the Murrow Boys Warmongers?”  Journalism Studies 16:3 (June 2015): 433-448.

Cull, Nicholas John.  Selling War: The British Propaganda Campaign Against American Neutrality in World War II.  New York: Oxford University Press, 195.

Curtin, Patricia A. “Press Coverage of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (Separate-Nisei): A Case Study in Agenda Building.” American Journalism 12, no. 3 (1995): 225–41.

Davis, Elmer, and Byron Price.  War Information and Censorship.  Washington DC: American Council on Public Affairs, 1943.

Davis, Elmer.  "Report to the President."  edited by Ronald T. Farrar.  Journalism Monographs No. 7 (August 1968).  (reprint of official report of OWI in WWII)

Dower, John.  War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War.  New York: Pantheon, 1986.

Eberhard, Wallace B., ed.  "The Media and World War II: Special Issue."  American Journalism 12:3 (Summer 1995).

Edwards, John Carver.  Berlin Calling: American Broadcasters in Service to the Third Reich.  New York: Praeger, 1991.

Engelman, Ralph.  "My Rhodes Scholarship: Fred Friendly as an Information Officer in World War II."  Journalism History 30:3 (Fall 2004): 114-122.

Erenberg, Lewis A., and Susan E. Hirsch, edsThe War in American Culture: Society and Consciousness in World War II.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Ernst, Daniel R., and Victor Jew, edsTotal War and the Law: The American Home Front in World War II.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2002.

Fine, Richard. “‘Snakes in Our Midst’: The Media, the Military, and American Policy toward Vichy North Africa.” American Journalism 27 (Fall 2010): 59–82.

Fine, Richard.  “The Ascendency of Radio News in Wartime: Charles Collingwood and John McVane in French North Africa, 1942-43.”  Journalism History 40:1 (Spring 2014): 2-14.

Fine, Richard A.  “Edward Kennedy’s Long Road to Reims: The Media and the Military in World War II.”  American Journalism 33:3 (Summer 2016): 317-339.

Finkle, Lee.  Forum for Protest: The Black Press During World War II.  Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1975.

Flamiano, Dolores.  "Japanese American Internment in Popular Magazines: Race, Citizenship, and Gender in World War II America." Journalism History 36:1 (Spring 2010): 23-35.

Forde, Kathy Roberts, and Matthew W. Ross.  “Radio and Civic Courage in the Communications Circuit of John Hersey’s Hiroshima.”  Literary Journalism Studies 3:2 (Fall 2011): 31-53.

Friedman, Barbara.  "The Soldier Speaks: Yank Coverage of Women and Wartime Work."  American Journalism 22:2 (Spring 2005): 63-82.

Frost, Jennifer. “Dissent and Consent in the ‘Good War’: Hedda Hopper, Hollywood Gossip, and World War II Isolationism.” Film History 22:2 (2010): 170–181.

Garay, Ronald.  "Guarding the Airwaves: Government Regulation of World War II American Radio." Journal of Radio Studies 3 (1995-96): 130-48.

Giangreco, D.M.  "Spinning the Casualties: Media Strategies During the Roosevelt Administration."  Passport 35 (December 2004): 22-30.

Godfrey, Donald G.  “Ethics in Practice: An Analysis of Edward R. Murrow’s WWII Radio Reporting.”  Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8:2 (1993): 103-118.

Goren, Dina.  "Communication Intelligence and the Freedom of the Press: The Chicago Tribune's Battle of Midway Dispatch and the Breaking of the Japanese Naval Code."  Journal of Contemporary History 16 (1981): 663-90.

Gorny, Yosef. The Jewish Press and the Holocaust, 1939-1945: Palestine, Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Gorrell, Henry T. Soldier of the Press: Covering the Front in Europe and North Africa 1936-1943. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2009.

Gourley, Catherine.  War, Women, and the News: How Female Journalists Won the Battle to Cover World War II.  New York: Athenaeum, 2007.

Grubbs, Jim. “Women Broadcasters of World War II  Journal of Radio Studies 11 (June 2004): 40–54.

Hadlow, Martin.  “The Mosquito Network: American Military Radio in the Solomon Islands During World War II.”  Journal of Radio Studies 11:1 (2004): 73-86.

Hamill, Pete, ed  A. J. Liebling: World War II Writings.  New York: Penguin, 2008.

Hanin, Eric M.  "War on our Minds: The American Mass Media in World War II."  PhD dissertation, University of Rochester, 1977.

Heide, Robert, and John Gilman.  Home Front America: Popular Culture in the World War II Era.  San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1995.

Heinz, William Charles.  When We Were One: Stories of World War II.  Cambridge: DaCapo, 2002.

Honey, Maureen.  Creating Rosie the Riveter: Class, Gender, and Propaganda During World War II. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.

Horton, GerdRadio Goes To War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda During World War II.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Huddle, Mark A., ed.  Roi Ottley’s World War II: The Lost Diary of an African American Journalist. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2011.

Jones, A.H.  "The Making of an Interventionist: Elmer Davis and CBS News, 1939-1941."  Pacific Historical Review 42: 1 (1973): 74-93.

Kaltenborn, H. V.  Kaltenborn Edits the War News.  New York: Dutton, 1942.

Keaton-Lima, Linda M. Canup, ed. War Is Not Just for Heroes: World War II Dispatches and Letters of U.S. Marine Corps Combat Correspondent Claude R. “Red” Canup. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2012.

Keever, Beverly Ann Deepe.  News Zero: The New York Times and the Bomb.  Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press, 2004.

Keever, Beverly Ann Deepe. “Top Secret: Censoring the First Rough Drafts of Atomic-Bomb History.”  Media History (Abingdon) 14 (August 2008): 185–204.

Kennedy Cochran, Julia, ed.  Ed Kennedy’s War: V-E Day, Censorship, & The Associated Press. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Kimble, James J.  Mobilizing the Home Front: War Bonds and Domestic Propaganda.  College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2006.

Kirstein, Peter N.  “Hiroshima and Spinning the Atom: America, Britain, and Canada Proclaim the Nuclear Age, 6 August 1945.” Historian 71 (Winter 2009): 805–827.

Koop, Theodore F.  Weapon of Silence.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946. (Office of Censorship)

Krutnik, Frank.  “Critical Accommodations: Washington, Hollywood, and the World War II Housing Shortage.”  Journal of American Culture 30:4 (December 2007): 401-416.

Krysko, Michael A.  “Homeward Bound: Shortwave Broadcasting and American Mass Media in East Asia on the Brink of the Pacific War.”  Pacific Historical Review 74:4 (November 2005): 511-544.

Lange, Dorothea.  Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese-American Internment.  New York: Norton, 2008.

Lea, Tom.  The Two Thousand Yard Stare: Tom Lea’s World War II, ed. Brendan M. Greeley Jr. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2008.

Lee, Mordecai.  Promoting the War Effort: Robert Horton and Federal Propaganda, 1938-1946.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Leff, Laurel.  Buried by the Times: The Holocaust and America’s Most Important Newspaper.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Lloyd, Charles David.  "American Society and Values in World War II From the Publications of the Office of War Information."  PhD dissertation, Georgetown University, 1975.

Loss, Christopher P.  “Reading Between Enemy Lines: Armed Services Editions and World War II.”  Journal of Military History 67:3 (July 2003): 811-834.

Lovelace, Alexander G.  “The Image of a General: The Wartime Relationship between General George S. Patton Jr. and the American Media.”  Journalism History 40 (Summer 2014): 180-120.

MacVane, John.  On the Air in World War II.  New York: Morrow, 1977.

Mander, Mary S.  "American Correspondents During World War II: Common Sense as a View of the World."  American Journalism 1 (Summer 1983): 17-30.

Maslowski, Peter. Armed With Camera: The American Military Photographers During World War II. New York: Free Press, 1993.

McCreery, Stephen.  “The Journalistic Value of Emerging Technologies: American Press Reaction to Newsreels During World War II.” Journalism History 40: 3 (Fall 2014): 177-186.

McIntosh, Al.  Selected Chaff: The Wartime Columns of Al McIntosh.  Osceola, Wis.: Zenith Press, 2007.  Rock County (Minn.) Star-Herald, WWII

McLean Ward, Barbara, edProduce & Conserve, Share & Play Square: The Grocer and the Consumer on the Homefront Battlefield During World War II.  Portsmouth, NH: Strawberry Banke Museum, 1994.

Mendelson, Andrew, and C. Zoe Smith.  "Part of the Team: Life Photographers and their Symbiotic Relationship with the Military During World War II."  American Journalism 12:3 (Summer 1995): 276-289.

Mizuno, Takeya.  “The Federal Government’s Decisions in Suppressing the Japanese-Language Press, 1941-42.  Journalism History 33 (Spring 2007): 14-23.

Mizuno, Takeya. “A Disturbing and Ominous Voice from a Different Shore: Japanese Radio Propaganda and Its Impact on the U.S. Government’s Treatment of Japanese Americans during World War II.” The Japanese Journal of American Studies 24 (2013): 105–124.

Mizuno, Takey. “Censorship in a Different Name: Press ‘Supervision’ in Wartime Japanese American Camps, 1942–1943.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 88 (Spring 2011): 121–42.

Moffett, Albert E.  "Hometown Radio in 1942: The Role of Local Stations During the First Year of Total War."   American Journalism 3 (1986): 87-98.

Morlan, Don B. "Slapstick Contributions to WW II Propaganda: The Three Stooges and Abbott and Costello." Studies in Popular Culture 17.1 (1994) 29-43. 

Moseley, Ray.  Reporting War: How Foreign Correspondents Risked Capture, Torture and Death to Cover World War II.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017.


Nagorski, Andrew.  Hitlerland: American Eyewitnesses to the Nazi Rise of Power.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012. (includes several American journalists)

Nagy, Alex.  "World Wars at Home: U.S. Response to World War II Propaganda."  Journalism Quarterly 67 (1990): 207-213.

Nemerov, Alexander. Icons of Grief: Val Lewton’s Home Front Pictures. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

Nichols, David, edErnie's War: The Best of Ernie Pyle's World War II Dispatches.  New York: Random House, 1986.

Oldfield, Barney.  Never a Shot in Anger.  New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1956.  (Eisenhower's media relations officer)

Overy, Richard, ed. The New York Times Complete World War II, 1939–1945: The Coverage from the Battlefields to the Home Front. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal, 2013.

Paris, Michael, ed.  Repicturing the Second World War: Representations in Film and Television.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Pfaff, Daniel W. “Joseph Pulitzer II and the European War, 1938–1945.” American Journalism 6, no. 3 (1989): 143–57.

Porter, Austin. “Paper Bullets: The Office of War Information and American World War II Print Propaganda.”  PhD dissertation, Boston University, 2013.

Pratte, Alf. “The Honolulu Star-Bulletin and the ‘Day of Infamy.’“ American Journalism 5 (1988): 5–13.

The Public Opinion Quarterly, 7 (Spring 1943), Special issue containing articles on the Office of War Information (OWI).

Pulwers, Jack E.  The Press of Battle: The GI Reporter and the American People.  Raleigh: Ivy House Publishing, 2003.

Pyle, Ernest Taylor.  Here is Your War.  New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1943.

Reporting World War II.  2 vols. New York: Library of America, 1995.

Robinson, Greg, edPacific Citizens: Larry and Guyo Tajiri and Japanese American Journalism in the World War II Era.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012.

Roeder, George.  The Censored War: American Visual Experience During World War II.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Romeiser, John B., ed.  Combat Reporter: Don Whitehead’s World War II Diary and Memoirs. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.

Rózanski, Przemyslaw. “The New York Times Response to Soviet Aggression in Poland in September 1939.” Polish American Studies 68 (Spring 2011): 19–41.

Russell, Edmund P.  "Speaking of Annihilation: Mobilizing for War Against Insect and Human Enemies, 1914-1945."  Journal of American History 82 (March 1996).

Schaleben, Joy.  "Getting the Story Out of Nazi Germany: Louis P. Lochner."  Journalism Monographs 11 (June 1969).

Schiffrin, André.   Dr. Seuss and Co. Go to War: The World War II Editorial Cartoons of America’s Leading Comic Artists. New York: New Press, 2009.

Seib, Philip.  Broadcasts from the Blitz: How Edward R. Murrow Helped Lead America into War.  Washington DC: Potomac Books, 2006.

Sentman, Mary Alice, and Patrick S. Washburn.  "How Excess Profits Tax Brought Ads to Black Newspapers in World War II."  Journalism Quarterly 64 (1987): 769-774.

Sevaraid, Eric.  Not So Wild a Dream.  New York: Knopf, 1946.

Shirer, William L.  Berlin Diary: The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent, 1934-1941.  New York: Knopf, 1941.

Shirer, William L.  The Nightmare Years, 1930-1940.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1984.

Shulman, Holly Cowan.  Voice of America: Propaganda and Democracy, 1941-1945.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990.

Somers, Paul.  "Right in the Fuhrer's Face: American Editorial Cartoons of the World War II Period."  American Journalism 13:3 (Summer 1996): 333-353.

Sorel, Nancy Caldwell.  The Women Who Wrote the War.  New York: Arcade Publishing, 1999.

Smith, B.R.  "FDR's Use of Radio in the War Years." Journal of Radio Studies 4 (1997): 76-87.

Smith, A. Merriman.  Thank You, Mister President: A White House Notebook.  New York: Harper & Brothers, 1946.

Smith, Henry Justin.  Deadlines: Being the Quaint, the Amusing, the Tragic Memoirs of a News-Room.  Chicago: Covici-McGee, 1923.

Snyder, Louis L., ed.  Masterpieces of War Reporting: The Great Moments of World War II.  New York: Julian Messner, 1962.

Spiller, James.  “This is War! Network Radio and World War II Propaganda in America.” Journal of Radio Studies 11:1 (2004): 55-72.

Steele, Richard W. Propaganda in an Open Society: The Roosevelt Administration and the Media, 1933-1941. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Steele, Richard W.  Free Speech in the Good War. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.

Sterne, Joseph R. L. Combat Correspondents: The Baltimore Sun in World War II. Baltimore, MD: The Maryland Historical Society, 2009.

Stevens, John D.  "From the Back of the Foxhole: Black Correspondents in World War II." Journalism Monographs 27 (February 1973).

Sweeney, Michael S.  Secrets of Victory: The Office of Censorship and the American Press and Radio in World War II.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Sweeney, Michael S., and Patrick S. Washburn.  “Ain’t Justice Wonderful:  The Chicago Tribune’s Battle of Midway Story and the Government’s Attempt at an Espionage Act Indictment in 1942.”  Journalism and Communication Monographs 16:1 (Spring 2014): 7-97.

Tajiri, Larry, Greg Robinson, and Guyo Tajiri. Pacific Citizens: Larry and Guyo Tajiri and Japanese American Journalism in the World War II Era. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012.

Theoharis, Athan.  "The FBI, The Roosevelt Administration, and the 'Subversive' Press."  Journalism History 19:1 (Spring 1993): 3-10.

Tobin, James E.  "Why We Fight: Versions of the American Purpose in World War II."  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1986.

Tobin, James.  Ernie Pyle's War: America's Eyewitness to World War Two.  New York: Free Press, 1997.

U.S. War Department.  Regulations for War Correspondents Accompanying U.S. Army Forces in the Field.  Field Manual 30-26.  Washington DC: War Department, 1942.

Voss, Frederick S.  Reporting the War: The Journalistic Coverage of World War II. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

Wagner, Lilya Women War Correspondents of World War II.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Washburn, Patrick S.  "FDR Versus His Own Attorney General: The Struggle over Sedition 1941-42."  Journalism Quarterly 62 (1985): 717-724. 

Washburn, Patrick S.  A Question of Sedition: The Federal Government’s Investigation of the Black Press During World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Washburn, Patrick S.  "The Pittsburgh Courier's Double V Campaign of 1942." Journalism History 3:2 (1986): 73.

Washburn, Patrick S. "The Office of Censorship's Attempt to Control Press Coverage of the Atomic Bomb During World War II." Journalism Monographs, No. 120 (1990).

Weller, George.  Weller’s War: A Legendary Foreign Correspondent’s Sage of World War II on Five Continents.  New York: Crown, 2008.

Westbrook, Robert W.  Why We Fought: Forging American Obligations in World War II.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Books, 2004.

Weinberg, Sydney.  "What to Tell America: The Writer's Quarrel in the Office of War Information." Journal of American History 55:1 (June 1968): 73-79.

Whitehead, Don.  Beachhead Don: Reporting War From the European Theater.  John B. Romeiser, ed.  New York: Fordham University Press, 2004.

Whitmer, Valeri. “The Sounds of War: Radio, the Aural Experience, and National Consensus in World War II.”  PhD dissertation, City University of New York, 2011.

Wick, Steve.  The Long Night : William L. Shirer and The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Winfield, Betty H.  FDR and the News Media, revised editionNew York: Columbia University Press, 1994.

Winfield, Betty Houchin, and Janice Hume. “Shhh, Do Tell! World War II and Press-Government Scholarship.” American Journalism 12, no. 3 (1995): 367–83.

Zox-Weaver, Annalisa.  “When the War Was in Vogue: Lee Miller’s War Reports.”  Women's Studies 32:2 (2003): 131-163.

 

The Korean War [index] [top of page]

Bigart, Homer.  Forward Positions: The War Correspondence of Homer Bigart.  Betsy Wade, ed.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1992.

Capraro, Michael.  "Care and Feeding of the Press in Korea."  Military History (April 1994).

Casey, Steven.  Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Casey, Steven. “Wilfred Burchett and the United Nations Command’s Media Relations during the Korean War, 1951–1952.” Journal of Military History 74 (July 2010): 821–845.

Cash, Dane J. “The Forgotten Debate: American Political Opinion Journals and the Korean War, 1950–1953.”  PhD dissertation, Boston University, 2012.

Cash, Dane J. “‘History Has Begun a New Chapter’: U.S. Political-Opinion Journals and the Outbreak of the Korean War.” International History Review 36 (June 2014): 395–418.

Fazio, Daniel. “Censorship in the Korean War: Press—Military Relations, June 1950—January 1951.”  Australasian Journal of American Studies 26 (December 2007): 1–19.

Goulden, Joseph.  Korea: The Untold Story of the War.  New York: McGraw Hill, 1982.

Higgins, Marguerite.  War in Korea: The Report of a Woman Combat Correspondent.  Garden City: Doubleday, 1951.

Hoberecht, Earnest.  Asia is My Beat.  Rutland, VT: Tuttle, 1961.

Horrell, Mason Edward.  "Reporting the Forgotten War: Military-Press Relations in Korea, 1950-1954." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, 2002.

Huebner, Andrew J.  "Kilroy is Back: Images of American Soldiers in Korea, 1950-1953."  American Studies 45 (Spring 2004): 103-129.

Hymoff, Edward.  “The Fallen Reporters in the Forgotten War: 18 Who Died in Korea.  Media History Digest 10:2 (Fall-Winter 1990): 12-20, 40.

Kim, Sun-A “Life and War in Korea: Photographic Portrayals of the Korean War in Life Magazine, July 1950–August 1953.”  PhD dissertation , University of Missouri, Columbia, 2008.

Lee, Raymond S.H.  "Early Korean War Coverage."  Journalism Quarterly 55 (Winter 1978): 789-92.

Mitchell, Franklin D.  Harry S. Truman and the News Media. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1998.

Osmer, Harold H.  U.S. Religious Journalism and the Korean War.  Washington DC: University Press of America, 1980.

Shinn, Bill.  The Forgotten War Remembered, Korea 1950-1953.  Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym International, 1995.

Wiltz, John E.  "The Korean War and American Society."  In The Korean War: A 25 Year Retrospective.  Francis H. Heller, ed.  Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1977.

Youm, Kyo Ho. “Press Policy of the U.S. Military Government in Korea.” American Journalism 8, no. 2–3 (1991): 160–77.

The Vietnam War [index] [top of page]

Adams, Anthony A.  “A Study of Veteran Viewpoints on TV Coverage of the Vietnam War.”  Journalism Quarterly 54 (Summer 1977): 248-253.

Allman, T.D.  "PBS's Vietnam: How TV Caught the Unprintable Truth."  Channels of Communication (Nov.-Dec. 1983): 10.

Altschuler, Bruce E.  LBJ and the Polls.  Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1990.

Arlen, Michael  JThe Living Room War.  New York: Viking, 1979.

Arnett, Peter.  “Tet Coverage: A Debate Renewed.”  Columbia Journalism Review 16 (January-February 1978): 44-47.

Arnett, Peter.  Saigon Has Fallen.  New York: Rosetta Press, 2015.

Bailey, Beth.  “The Army in the Marketplace: Recruiting an All-Volunteer Force.”  Journal of American History 94:1 (June 2007): 47-74.  (recruitment advertising)

Bailey, George A., and Lawrence W. Lichty.  "Rough Justice on a Saigon Street: A Gatekeeper Study of NBC's Tet Execution Film." Journalism Quarterly (Summer 1972): 274.

Bailey, George.  “Television War: Trends in Network Coverage of the Vietnam War.”  Journal of Broadcasting 20 (Spring 1976): 147-156.

Bailey, George.  “Interpretive Reporting of the Vietnam War by Anchormen.”  Journalism Quarterly 53 (Summer 1976): 319-323.

Barden, Thomas E.,edSteinbeck in Vietnam: Dispatches from the War.  Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2012.

Bartimus, Tad, edWar Torn: Stories of War from the Women Who Covered Vietnam.  New York: Random House, 2002.

Bass, Thomas A.  The Spy Who Loved Us: The Vietnam War and Pham Xuan An’s Dangerous Game. New York: Public Affairs, 2009.

Berman, Larry.  Perfect Spy: The Incredible Double Life of Pham Xuan.  New York: Smithsonian Books, 2007.  [Vietnam]

Bindas, Kenneth J.  "The Strains of Commitment: American Periodical Press and South Vietnam, 1955-1960." Journalism History 17:3 (Summer 1989): 63-70.

Blissert, Julie Harrison. "Guerilla Journalist: I.F. Stone and Tonkin." Journalism History 23:3 (Summer 1997): 102-113.

Born, Donna J.  "The Reporting of American Woman Correspondents from the Vietnam War."  PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, 1987.

Braestrup, Peter.  The Big Story: How the American Press and Television Reported and Interpreted the Crisis of Tet 1968 in Vietnam and Washington. Boulder: Westview Press, 1977.

Braestrup, Peter, edVietnam as History.  Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, 1984.

Braestrup, Peter.  Battle Lines: Report of the 20th Century Fund Task Force on the Military and the Media.  New York: Priority, 1985.

Brewin, Bob, and Sydney Shaw.  Vietnam of Trial: Westmoreland vs CBS.  New York: Atheneum, 1987.

Browne, Malcom W.  “Vietnam Reporting: Three Years of Crisis.”  Columbia Journalism Review (Fall 1964): 4-9.

Burrows, Larry.  Larry Burrows: Vietnam.  New York: Knopf, 2002.

Chandler, Robert W.  War of Ideas: The US Propaganda Campaign in Vietnam.  Boulder: Westview Press, 1981.

Culbert, David. "Television's Vietnam and Historical Revisionism in the United States." Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television 8 (1988): 253-267.

Deakin, James.  Johnson's Credibility Gap.  Washington DC: Public Affairs Press, 1968.

Devine, Jeremy M.  Vietnam at 24 Frames a Second.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1995.

Eldridge, Lawrence A.  "Chronicles of a Two-Front War: The African American Press and the Vietnam War."  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois-Chicago, 2002.

Elegant, Robert. "How to Lose a War: Reflections of a Foreign Correspondent."  Encounter (August 1981): 73-86.

Elwood-Akers, Virginia.  Women War Correspondents of the Vietnam War, 1961-1975Mutuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1988.

Emery, Edwin.  “The Press in the Vietnam Quagmire.”  Journalism Quarterly 48 (Winter 1971): 619-626.

Erskine, Hazel.  "The Polls: Is War a Mistake?"  Public Opinion Quarterly 34 (Spring 1970): 134.

Espiritu, Yen Le.  “The ‘We-Win-Even-When-We-Lose’ Syndrome: U.S. Press Coverage of the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the ‘Fall of Saigon.”  American Quarterly 58 (June 2006): 329–52.

Faas, Horst:  Requiem: By the Photographers who Died in Vietnam and Indochina.  New York: Random House, 1997.

Faulkner, Francis Donald.  "Bao Chi: The American News Media in Vietnam, 1960-1975."  PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, 1981.

Fawcett, DenbyWar Torn: Stories of War from the Women Reporters Who Covered Vietnam.  New York: Random House, 2002.

Gelb, Leslie H.  “The Essential Domino: American Politics and Vietnam.”  Foreign Affairs 50:3 (April 1972): 459-475.

Gershen, Martin.  “The Right to Lie.”  Columbia Journalism Review (Winter 1966-67): 14-15.

Goulden, Joseph C.  Truth is the First Casualty: The Gulf of Tonkin Affair- Illusion and Reality.  Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969.

Halberstam, David.  The Making of a Quagmire.  New York: Random House, 1965.

Hallin, Daniel C. The Uncensored War: The Media and Vietnam. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Hammond, William M.  Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1962-1968.  Washington DC: Center for Military History, US Government Printing Office, 1988.

Hammond, William M..  "The Press in Vietnam as an Agent of Defeat: A Critical Examination."  Reviews in American History (June 1989): 312-323.

Hammond, William M.  Public Affairs: The Military and the Media, 1968-1973.  Washington DC: Center for Military History, US Government Printing Office, 1996.

Hammond, William M.  Reporting Vietnam: Media and Military at War.  Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1998.

Hammond, William M. “The Tet Offensive and the News Media” Army History 70 (Winter 2009) 6–16.

Hariman, Robert, and John Louis Lucaites. “Photographing the Vietnam War—Democratic Accountability and Liberal Representation in American Iconic Photography: The Image of ‘Accidental Napalm,’” in American Visual Cultures, ed. David Holloway and John Beck.  New York: Continuum, 2005.

Hersh, Seymour.   “How I Broke the My Lai Story.”  Saturday Review 53 (11 July 1970): 46-49.

Herz, Martin F.  The Prestige Press and the Christmas Bombing, 1972: Images and Reality in Vietnam.  Washington DC: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1980.

Hoffman, Joyce.  On Their Own: Women Journalists and the Vietnam War.  New York: DaCapo Press, 2008.

Huebner, Andrew J.  "Rethinking American Press Coverage of the Vietnam War, 1965-1968."  Journalism History 31:3 (Fall 2005): 150-161.

Isaacs, Norman.  "The New Credibility Gap- Readers vs. the Press."  Bulletin of the American Society of Newspaper Editors. (February 1969).

Johnson, DeWayne B.  “Vietnam: Report Card on the Press at War.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Spring 1969): 9-19.

Keever, Beverly DeepeDeath Zones and Darling Spies: Seven Years of Vietnam War Reporting.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2013.

Kinnard, Douglas.  The War Managers.  Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1977.

Krog, Carl.  "American Journals of Opinion and the Fall of Vietnam, 1954." Asian Affairs 6 (1979): 324-332.

Lair, Meredith H.  Armed with Abundance: Consumerism and Soldiering in the Vietnam War.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Landers, James.  "The Specter of Stalemate: Vietnam War Perspectives in Newsweek, Time, and U.S. News and World Report, 1965-1968."  American Journalism 19 (Summer 2002): 13-38.

Landers, James.  The Weekly War: Newsmagazines and Vietnam.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004.  

Lawrence, Mark Atwood.  “Mission Intolerable: Harrison Salisbury’s Trip to Hanoi and the Limits of Dissent against the Vietnam War.”  Pacific Historical Review 75 (August 2006): 429–459.

Laurence, John.  The Cat From Hue: A Vietnam War Story.  New York: Public Affairs Press, 2002.

Lefever, Ernest W., Leslie Rider, and Martin F. Hertz.  The Prestige Press and the Christmas Bombing, 1972: Images and Reality.  Washington DC: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1980.

Lewes, James G.  "Protest and Survive: An Analysis of the Influence of GI-Produced Underground Newspapers in the United States During the Vietnam War."  PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 2000.

Lewes, James.  Protest and Survive: Underground GI Newspapers during the Vietnam War.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2003.

Lippmann, Walter.  “The Credibility Gap- I.”  Washington Post (28 March 1967) and “The Credibility Gap- II.” Washington Post (30 March 1967).

Logevall, Fredrik.  “First Among Critics: Walter Lippmann and the Vietnam War.”  Journal of American-East Asian Relations 4:4 (1995): 351-375.

 

McClancy, Kathleen.  “The Iconography of Violence: Television, Vietnam, and the Soldier Hero.”  Film and History 43:2 (Fall 2013): 50-66.

McGaffin, William, and Erwin Knoll.  Anything But the Truth: The Credibility Gap- How the News in Managed in Washington.  New York: Putnam, 1968.

MacDonald, Glenn.  Report or Distort?   New York: Exposition Press, 1973.

Mascaro, Thomas A.  "Flaws in the Benjamin Report: The Internal Investigation into CBS Reports' Documentary "The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception."  Journalism History 31:2 (Summer 2005): 58-74.

Mecklin, John.  Mission in Torment.  New York: Doubleday, 1965.  (press spokesman for US Embassy in S. Vietnam)

Minor, Dale.  The Information War. New York: Hawthorne, 1970.

Mohr, Charles.  “Once Again- Did the Press Lose Vietnam?”  Columbia Journalism Review 22 (November 1983): 51-56.

Moss, George D.  A Vietnam Reader.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1991.  see “News or Nemesis: Did Television Lose the Vietnam War?”  pp. 245-300.

Mueller, John E.  War, Presidents, and Public Opinion.  New York: Wiley, 1973.

News Policies in Vietnam: Hearings Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 17 August and 31 August, 1966.  Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1966.

Nudelman, Franny.  “Marked for Demolition: Mary McCarthy’s Vietnam Journalism.”  American Literature 85:2 (June 2013): 363-387.

Olson, James S., and Randy Roberts.  My Lai: A Brief History with Documents.  Boston: Bedford Books, 1998.

Orwant, Jack E., and John Ullman.  “Pentagon Officers’ Attitudes on Reporting of Military News.”  Journalism Quarterly 51 (1974): 463-469.

Pach, Chester J., Jr. "And That's the Way it Was: The Vietnam War on the Network Nightly News." in The Sixties: From Memory to History, David Farber, ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Pach, Chester. “‘Our Worst Enemy Seems to Be the Press’: tv News, the Nixon Administration, and U.S. Troop Withdrawal from Vietnam, 1969–1973.” Diplomatic History 34 (June 2010): 555–565.

Page, Tim.  “Vietnam through the Lens of Larry Burrows.”  Quarterly Journal of Military History  22:3 (Spring 2010): 72-83.

Patterson, Oscar. "Television's Living Room War in Print: Vietnam in the News Magazines." Journalism Quarterly 61 (Spring 1984): 36-39.

Patterson, Oscar.  "An Analysis of Television Coverage of the Vietnam War."  Journal of Broadcasting 28 (Fall 1984): 397-404.

Prochnau, William.  Once Upon a Distant War: Young War Correspondents and the Early Vietnam Battles.  New York: Times Books, 1995.

Proctor, Pat. “Message versus Perception during the Americanization of the Vietnam War.” Historian 73 (Spring 2011): 88–112.

Reporting Vietnam: American Journalism, 1959-1975.  2 vols.  New York: Library of America, 1998. (anthology of wartime writing)

Reston, James B.  “The Press, the President, and Foreign Policy.”  Foreign Affairs 44:4 (July 1966): 553-573.

Salisbury, Harrison.  Behind the Lines.  New York: Harper and Row, 1967.

Schmitz, David F.  The Tet Offensive: Politics, War, and Public Opinion.  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.

Seyb, Ronald.  “When Objectivity Works: David Halberstam’s Vietnam Reporting.”  Media History Monographs 15:1 (2012-2013): 1-25.

Sherer, Michael D.  “Comparing Magazine Photos of the Vietnam and Korean Wars.”  Journalism Quarterly 65 (Fall 1988): 752-756.

Sherer, Michael D.  “Vietnam War Photos and Public Opinion.”  Journalism Quarterly 66 (Summer 1989): 391-395.

Sidle, Winant.  "The Role of Journalists in Vietnam: An Army General's Perspective"  in Harrison E. Salisbury, ed. Vietnam Reconsidered.  New York: Harper, 1984.

Small, Melvin.  Antiwarriors: The Vietnam War and the Battle for America’s Hearts and Minds.  Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2002.

Steinman, Ron.  Inside Television's First War: A Saigon Journal.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2002.  (NBC Saigon bureau chief)

Tallman, Gary C., and Joseph P. McKerns.  "Press Mess: David Halberstam, the Buddhist Crisis, and US Policy in Vietnam, 1963."  Journalism and Communication Monographs 2:3 (Fall 2000).

Taylor, Sandra C.  “Reporting History: Journalists and the Vietnam War,” Reviews in American History 13:3 (September 1985): 451-461.

Turner, Kathleen J. Lyndon Johnson’s Dual War: Vietnam and the Press. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. 

United States Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Harrison E. Salisbury's trip to North Vietnam. Hearing, Ninetieth Congress, first session, February 2, 1967.  Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1967.

Walter Flowers, Jackie.  Life in Vietnam: The Presentation of the Vietnam War in Life Magazine, 1962-1972.”  PhD dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1996.

Welch, Susan. "The American Press in Indochina, 1950-56," in Communication in International Politics, ed. Richard L. Merritt (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972), 207-231

Werner, Gary LeRoy.  “The Credibility Gap- 1966: Prestige Gatekeepers View Government Handling of Vietnam Information.”  Phd dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1967.

Westmoreland, William C.  A Soldier Reports.  Garden City: Doubleday, 1976.

Westwell, Guy. “Accidental Napalm Attack and Hegemonic Visions of America’s War in Vietnam.”  Critical Studies in Media Communication 28 (December 2011): 407–423.

Wyatt, Clarence.  Paper Soldiers: The American Press and the Vietnam War. New York: Norton, 1993.

Wyatt, Clarence R. “The Media and the Vietnam War,” in The War That Never Ends: New Perspectives on the Vietnam War. ed. David L. Anderson and John Ernst, 265–87. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2007.

Ziedenberg, Leonard.  "Vietnam and Electronic Journalism: Lessons of the Living Room War." Broadcasting (19 May 1975): 23-30

The Persian Gulf War [index] [top of page]

Barody, Judith R.  "Being There: United States Media Access During the Gulf War."  PhD dissertation, American University, 1992.

Bennett, W. Lance, and David L. Paletz, edsTaken by Storm: The Media, Public Opinion, and U.S. Foreign Policy in the Gulf War.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Dennis, Everette E., et al.  The Media at War: The Press and the Persian Gulf Conflict.  New York: The Freedom Forum, 1991.

Denton, Robert E.  The Media and the Persian Gulf War.  Westport, Conn: Praeger, 1993.

Fialka, John.  Hotel Warriors: Covering the Gulf War.  Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1992.

Greenberg, Bradley S., and Walter Gantz, edsDesert Storm and the Mass Media.  Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1993.

Kellner, Douglas.  The Persian Gulf TV War.  Boulder: Westin Press, 1992.

MacArthur, John R.  Second Front: Censorship and Propaganda in the Gulf War.  New York: Hill and Wang, 1992.

Mueller, John.  Policy and Opinion in the Gulf War.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Otteson, R.  "The Media and the Gulf War Reporting: Advertising for the Arms Industry?" Bulletin of Peace Proposals 23 (March 1992): 71-83. 

Pentagon Rules on Media Access to the Persian Gulf War.  Hearing Before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, 20 February 1991.  Washington DC: Governemtn Printing Office, 1991.

Rahdert, Mark C.  "The First Amendment and Media Rights During Wartime: Some Thoughts After the Gulf War."  Villanova Law Review 36 (November 1991): 1513-1558.

Smith, Hedrick, edThe Media and the Gulf War.  Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 1992.

Smith, John E.  "From the Front Lines to the Front Page: Media Access to the War in the Persian Gulf and Beyond."  Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems 26 (Winter 1993): 291-339.

Wiener, Robert.  Live from Baghdad: Gathering News at Ground Zero.  New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Zelizer, Barbie.  "CNN, the Gulf War, and Journalistic Practice."  Journal of Communication 42:1

Other Conflicts [index] [top of page]

Beck, Robert J.  The Grenada Invasion: Politics, Law, and Foreign Policy Decision Making.  Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.

Engber, John B.  "The Press and the Invasion of Grenada: Does the First Amendment Guarantee the Press a Right of Access to Wartime News?"  Temple Law Quarterly 58 (Winter 1985): 873-901.

Pincus, Roger W.  "Press Access to Military Operations: Grenada and the Need for a New Analytical Approach."  University of Pennsylvania Law Review 135 (March 1987): 813-850.

Teel, Leonard Ray.  Reporting the Cuban Revolution: How Castro Manipulated American Journalists.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2015.

War Correspondents and Military Journalism [index] [top of page]

Allen, Douglas.  Frederic Remington and the Spanish American War.  New York: Crown Publishers, 1971.

Allen, Stuart, and Barbie Zelizer, edsReporting War: Journalism in Wartime.  New York: Routledge, 2004.

Anders, Leslie.  "Retrospect: Four Decades of American Military Journalism." Military Affairs 41:2 (April 1977): 62-66.

Anderson, Harold M.  "The American Newspaper- The War Correspondent."  Bookman 19 (March 1904): 24-41.

Arnot, Charles P.  Don't Kill the Messenger: The Tragic Story of Welles Hangen and other Journalistic Combat Victims.  New York: Vantage Press, 1994.

Aukofer, Frank, and William P. Lawrence.  America's Team- Odd Couple: A Report on the Relationship Between the Media and the Military.  Nashville: Freedom Forum, 1995.

Badsey, Stephen.  “The Depiction of War Reporters in Hollywood Feature Films from the Vietnam War to the Present.”  Film History 14:3/4 (2002): 243-260.

Brown, Charles H.  The Correspondents' War: Journalists and the Spanish-American War.  New York: Scribner's, 1967.

Bullard, F. Lauriston.  Famous War Correspondents.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1914.

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