Photography and Photojournalism [index]

Allen, James, et al.  Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America.  Santa Fe: Twin Palms, 2000.

Bacon Hales, Peter.  Silver Cities: The Photography of American Urbanization, 1839-1915.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.

Barger, M. Susan and William B. White.  The Daguerreotype: Nineteenth Century Technology and Modern Science.  Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991.

Barnhurst, Kevin G., and John Nerone.  “Civil Picturing vs. Realist Photojournalism: The Regime of Illustrated News, 1865-1901.” Design Issues 16:1 (Spring 2000): 59-79.

Batchen, Geoffrey, et al., eds.  Picturing Atrocity: Photography in Crisis. London: Reaktion, 2012.

Baynes, Ken, ed.  Scoop, Scandal and Strife: A Study of Photography in Newspapers.  New York: Pantheon Books, 1971.

Bethune, Beverly M. “Things That Speak to the Eye: The Photographs of Charities, 1897–1909.” American Journalism 11, no. 3 (1994): 204–18.

Bezner, Lili C.  Photography and Politics in America: From the New Deal into the Cold War.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Bisbee, A.  The History and Practice of Daguerreotyping.  Dayton: L.F. Clafin, 1853.

Blair, Sara, Harlem Crossroads: Black Writers and the Photograph in the Twentieth Century. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Blair, Sara, and Eric Rosenberg. Trauma and Documentary Photography of the FSA.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.

Bolton, Richard, edThe Conflict of Meaning: Critical Histories of Photography.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989.*

Brayer, Elizabeth.  George Eastman: A Biography.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Brennen, Bonnie. “Strategic Competition and the Photographer’s Work: Photojournalism in Gannett Newspapers, 1937–1947.” American Journalism 15, no. 2 (1998): 59–77.

Brennan, Bonnie.  “Strategic Competition and the Value of Photographers’ Work: Photojournalism in Gannett Newspapers, 1937-1974.”  American Journalism 15:2 (Spring 1998): 59-77.

Brennan, Bonnie, and Hanno Hardt, edsPicturing the Past: Media, History, and Photography.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Brown, Elspeth H.  The Corporate Eye: Photography and the Rationalization of American Commercial Culture, 1884-1929.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Brown, Julie K.  Making Culture Visible: The Public Display of Photography at Fairs, Expositions, and Exhibitions in the United States, 1847-1900.  Amsterdam: Harwood, 2001.

Brown, Michael. “Discriminating Photographs from Hand-drawn Illustrations in Popular Magazines, 1895–1904.” American Journalism 17, no. 3 (2000): 15–30.

Buckland, Gail.  Fox Talbot and the Invention of Photography.  Boston: David R. Godine, 1980.

Buell, Hall.  Moments: The Pulitzer Prize Photographs.  New York: Black Dog and Leventhal, 1999.

Burroughs, Henry D.  Close-ups of History: Three Decades through the Lens of an AP Photographer.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2007.

Buse, Peter.  The Camera Does the Rest: How Polaroid Changed Photography.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.

Bush, Alfred L., and Lee Clark Mitchell.  The Photograph and the American Indian.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Carlebach, Michael L.  The Origins of Photojournalism in America.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992. (pre-1880s period)

Carlebach, Michael L.  American Photojournalism Comes of Age. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997. 

Cawthra, Benjamin. Blue Notes in Black and White: Photography and Jazz. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Chapnick, Howard.  Truth Needs No Ally: Inside Photojournalism.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1994.

Coe, Brian.  The Birth of Photography: The Story of the Formative Years, 1800-1900.  New York: Taplinger Publishing Co., 1976.

Coe, Brian.  George Eastman and the Early Photographers.  London: Priory Press, 1973.

Coleman, A.D.  Depth of Field: Essays on Photography, Mass Media, and Lens Culture.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.

Collins, Kathleen, edShadow and Substance: Essays in the History of Photography.  Bloomfield Hills, Mich.: Amorphous Institute Press, 1990.*

Cookman, Claude H.  A Voice is Born: The Founding and Early Years of the National Press Photographers Association.  Durham, NC: National Press Photographers Association, 1985.

Coopersmith, Jonathan.  "From Lemons the Lemonade: The Development of the AP Wirephoto."  American Journalism 17:4 (Fall 2000): 55-72.

Curtis, James.  Mind's Eye, Mind's Truth: FSA Photography Reconsidered.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.

Dance, Robert, and Bruce Robertson.  Ruth Harriet Louise and Hollywood Glamour Photography.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Daniel, Pete, et al.  Official Images: New Deal Photography.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987.

Darrah, William Culp.  Stereo Views: A History of Stereographs in America and Their Collection.  Gettysburg, PA: Times and News Publishing, 1958.

Davis, Caitlin S.  “Lee Miller: Photographer of War.”  PhD dissertation, Rutgers University, 2005.

Davis, Melody D.  “Doubling the Vision. Women and Narrative Stereography: The United States, 1870–1910.”  PhD dissertation, City University of New York, 2004.  

Dejardin, Fiona M.  “The Photo League: Left-wing Politics and the Popular Press.”  History of Photography 18:2 (1994): 159-173.

Denny, Margaret. “Image Makers, Picture Takers: Illinois Women Photographers, 1850–1900.” Journal of Illinois History 10 (Summer 2007): 133–56.

Denny, Margaret H. “From Commerce to Art: American Women Photographers 1850–1900.”  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, Chicago, 2010.

Dinius, Marcy J. The Camera and the Press: American Visual and Print Culture in the Age of the Daguerreotype.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.

Doherty, Robert J.  Social-Documentary Photograph in the USA.  New York: Amphoto, 1976.

Dolan, Julia K. “‘I Will Take You into the Heart of Modern Industry’: Lewis Hine’s Photographic Interpretation of the Machine Age.”  PhD dissertation, Boston University, 2009.

Earle, Edward W., ed.  Points of View: The Stereograph in America- A Cultural History.  Rochester, NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press, 1979.

Eastman, Max.  Journalism Versus Art.  New York: Knopf, 1916.

Edwards, Elizabeth.  The Camera as Historian: Amateur Photographers and Historical Imagination, 1885-1918.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.

Ezickson, Aaron Jacob.  Get That Picture! The Story of the News Cameraman.  New York: National Library Press, 1938.

Faas, Horst:  Requiem: By the Photographers who Died in Vietnam and Indochina.  New York: Random House, 1997.

Faber, John.  Great Moments in News Photography.  New York: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1960.

Finnegan, Cara A.  Picturing Poverty: Print Culture and FSA Photographs. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 2003.

Finnegan, Cara A.  Making Photography Matter: A Viewer’s History from the Civil War to the Great Depression.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2015.

Foresta, Merry A.  Secrets of the Dark Chamber: The Art of the American Daguerreotype.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995.

Friedman, Joseph S.  History of Color Photography.  New York: Focal Press, 1968.

Fulton, Marianne, ed.  The Eyes of Time: Photojournalism in America.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1988.

Gersheim, Helmut.  A Concise History of Photography.  London: Thames and Hudson, 1965.

Gidal, Tim N.  Modern Photojournalism: Origins and Evolution, 1910-1933.  New York: Macmillan, 1973.

Gillespie, Sarah Kate.  The Early American Daguerreotype: Cross-Currents in Art and Technology.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2016.

Gold, Matthew K. “The Culture of Proof: Science, Religion, and Photography in America, 1780–1875.”  PhD dissertation, City University of New York, 2006.

Goldberg, Vicki, ed.   Photography in Print: Writings From 1816 to the Present.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1981.

Goldberg, Vicki.  Margaret Bourke-White: A Biography.  New York: Harper and Row, 1986.

Goldberg, Vicki.  The Power of Photography: How Photographs Changed Our Lives.  New York: Abbeville Press, 1991.

Goldberg, Vicki, and Robert Silberman. American Photography, A Century of Images.  San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999.

Good, Katie Day.  “Listening to Pictures.”  Journalism Studies 18:6 (June 2017): 691-709

Goodyear, Frank Henry III.  “Constructing a National Landscape: Photography and Tourism in Nineteenth Century America.”  Phd dissertation, University of Texas-Austin, 1998.

Gordon, Linda.  Dorothea Lange: A Life Beyond Limits.  New York: Norton, 2010.

Graham, Cooper C., and Ron van Dopperen.  “Edwin F. Weigle: Cameraman for the Chicago Tribune.”  Film History 22:4 (December 2010): 389-407.  

Green, Jonathan.  A Critical History of American Photography.  New York: Abrams, 1984.

Grunder, Sarah Lucinda. “The Spectacle of Citizenship: Halftones, Print Media, and Constructing Americanness, 1880–1940.”  PhD dissertation, College of William and Mary, 2010.

Guimond, James.  American Photography and the American Dream.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

Hales, Peter Bacon.  Silver Cities: The Photography of American Urbanization, 1839-1915.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.

Hales, Peter Bacon.  William Henry Jackson and the Transformation of the American Landscape.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

Hannigan, William, and Ken Johnston.  Picture Machine: The Rise of American News Pictures.  New York: Abrams, 2004.

Hansom, Paul.  "All Consuming Modernism: The Photo Essay and American Historical Consciousness."  PhD dissertation, University of Southern California, 1999.

Hariman, Robert, and John Louis Lucaites.  No Caption Needed: Iconic Photographs, Public Culture, and Liberal Democracy.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Harris, John M. “America’s Vision of War: A History of Combat Photography in the United States as Seen through Three Images.”  PhD dissertation, University of Washington, 2011.

Hausman, Carl.  “George Eastman: 100 Years of a Marketable Camera.”  Media History Digest 8:2 (Fall-Winter 1988): 2-7.

Henisch, Heinz K. and Bridget A. HenischThe Photographic Experience 1839-1914: Images and Attitudes.  University Park: Penn State University Press, 1994.

Hicks, Wilson.  Words and Pictures: An Introduction to Photojournalism.  New York: Harper and Brothers, 1952.  (LIFE photographer)

Hill, Jason E.  Artist as Reporter: Weegee, Ad Reinhardt, and the PM News Picture.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2017.

Hodgson, Pat.  Early War Photographs.  Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1974.

Holloway, David, and John Beck, eds.   American Visual Cultures.  New York: Continuum, 2005.

Horan, James D.  Matthew Brady: Historian With a Camera.  New York: Crown, 1955.

Heron, Liz and Val Williams, edsIlluminations: Woman Writing on Photography From the 1850s to the Present.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.*

Holly, Michael A.  Past Looking: Historical Imagination and the Rhetoric of the Image.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Hughes, Jim.  W. Eugene Smith, Shadow and Substance: The Life and Work of an American Photographer.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989.

Jacob, Marc, and Richard Cahan.  Chicago Under Glass: Early Photographs from the Chicago Daily News.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Jenkins, Harold F.   Two Points of View: The History of the Parlor Stereoscope.  Elmira, NY: World in Color Productions, 1957.

Jenkins, Reese V.  Images and Enterprise: Technology and the American Photographic Industry, 1839-1925.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975.

Jenkins, Reese V. "Technology and the Market: George Eastman and the Origins of Mass Amateur Photography." in Technology and American History, Stephen H. Cutcliffe and Terry S. Reynolds, eds., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Jensen, Robin E., Erin F. Doss, and Rebecca Ivic, “Metaphorical Invention in Early Photojournalism: New York Times Coverage of the 1876 Brooklyn Theater Fire and the 1911 Shirtwaist Factory Fire.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 28 (October 2011): 334–352.

Johnson, William S.  Nineteenth Century Photography: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston: G.K. Hall and Co., 1990.

Johnston, Patricia, ed.  Seeing High & Low: Representing Social Conflict in American Visual Culture.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

Jussim, Estelle.  Visual Communication and the Graphic Arts: Photographic Technologies of the Nineteenth Century.  New York: Bowker, 1983.

Kahan, Robert S.  "The Antecedents of American Photojournalism." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1969.

Kahan, Robert S., and J.B. Colson.  “More than Art: P.H. Emerson as a Nineteenth Century Photojournalism Pioneer.”  Journalism Quarterly 63:1 (Spring 1986): 75-82.

Kainen, Jacob.  “The Development of the Halftone Screen.”  Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution 1951.   Washington DC: Smithsonian, 1952.

Kaplan, John. "The Life Magazine Civil Rights Photography of Charles Moore."  Journalism History 25:4 (Autumn 1999): 126-39.

Kasher, Steven.  The Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History.  New York: Abbeville Press, 1996.

Kelbaugh, Ross J.  Introduction to Civil War Photography.  Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1991.

Kies, Emily B.  "The City and the Machine: Urban and Industrial Illustration in America, 1880-1900."  PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 1971.

Kinkaid, James C.  Press Photography.  Boston: American Photographic, 1936.

Kismaric, Susan.  American Politicians: Photography From 1845-1993.  New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1994.

Lange, Dorothea.  Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese-American Internment.  New York: Norton, 2008.

Larson, Judy L., edThe Graphic Arts and the South.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1993.*

Leekley, Sheryle, and John Leekley.  Moments: The Pulitzer Prize Photographs.  New York: Crown, 1978.

Leonardi, Nicoletta, and Simone Natale, eds.  Photography and Other Media in the Nineteenth Century.  Phildelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018.

Lewinski, Jorge.  The Camera at War: A History of War Photography from 1848 to the Present Day.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1980.

Loengard, John.  Life Photographers: What They Saw.  Boston: Bullfinch, 1998.

Lothrop, Eaton S.  A Century of Cameras.  Dobbs Ferry, NY: Morgan and Morgan, 1973.

Linfield, Susie.  The Cruel Radiance: Photography and Political Violence. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010

McEuen, Melissa A.  Seeing America: Women Photographers Between the Wars.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1961.

McCabe, Linda Rose.  The Beginnings of the Halftone.  Chicago: Inland Printer, 1924.

McDaniel, Colleen.  Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

McGivena, Leo E.  The News: The First Fifty Years of New York's Picture Newspaper.  New York: News Syndicate, 1969.

Macieski, Robert M.  Picturing Class: Lewis W. Hine Photographs Child Labor in New England.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2015.


Maimon, Vered.  Singular Images, Failed Copies: William Henry Fox Talbot and the Early Photograph.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2015.

Masur, Louis P.  The Soiling of Old Glory: The Story of a Photograph that Shocked America.  New York: Bloomsbury, 2008.

Melterzer, Milton.  Dorothea Lange: A Photographer’s Life.  New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1978.

Mendelson, Andrew.  "Slice-of-Life Moments as Visual Truth: Normal Rockwell, Feature Photography, and American Values in Pictorial Journalism."  Journalism History 29:4 (Winter 2004): 166-178.

Mendelson, Andrew L., and Carolyn Kitch.  “Creating a Photographic Record of World War I: “Real History” and Recuperative Memory in Stereography.”  Journalism History 37: 3 (Fall 2011): 142-150.

Mensel, Robert E.  Kodakers Lying in Wait: Amateur Photography and the Right to Privacy in New York, 1885-1915.”  American Quarterly 43:1 (March 1991): 24-45.

Michal, Eileen M.  “Picture-Loving: Photomechanical Reproduction and Celebrity in America’s Gilded Age.”  PhD dissertation, University of Chicago, 2008.

Moeller, Susan D.  Shooting War: Photography and the American Experience of Combat.  New York: Basic Books, 1989.

Moments in Time: 60 Years of Associated Press News Photos.  New York: The Associated Press, 1993.

Mommonier. Mark.  Maps With the News.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Nemerov, Alexander.  Soulmaker: The Times of Lewis Hine.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.

Newhall, Beaumont.  The Daguerreotype in America. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1961.

Newhall, Beaumont.  The History of Photography from 1839 to the Present. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1982.

Norback, Craig T., and Melvin Gray, eds.  The World’s Great News Photos, 1840-1980.  New York: Crown Publishers, 1980.

Ohrn, Karin Becker.  Dorthea Lange and the Documentary Tradition.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980.

Oliver, Marc. “George Eastman’s Modern Stone-Age Family: Snapshot Photography and the Brownie.”  Technology and Culture 48 (January 2007): 1–19.

Orvell, Miles.  Weegee’s Voyeurism and the Mastery of Urban Disorder.”  American Art 6:1 (Winter 1992): 18-41.

Ostman, Ronald E., and Harry Littell.  Margaret Bourke-White: The Early Work, 1922-1930.  Boston: David R. Godine, 2005.

Panzer, Mary.  Matthew Brady and the Image of History.  Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

Panzer, Mary.  Things As They Are: Photojournalism in Context since 1955.  New York: Aperture, 2005.

Peterson, Larry. "Photography and the Pullman Strike: Remolding Perceptions of Labor Conflict by New Visual Communication," in The Pullman Strike and the Crisis of the 1890s: Essays on Labor and Politics, eds. Richard Schneirov, Shelton Stromquist, and Nick Salvatore (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Pegler-Gordon, Anna.  In Sight of America: Photography and the Development of U.S. Immigration Policy.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Phillips, David Clayton.  "Art for Industry's Sake: Halftone Technology, Mass Photography and the Social Transformation of American Print Culture, 1880-1920." Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 1996.

Pierce, Paula M.  "Frances Benjamin Johnson: Mother of American Photojournalism." Media History Digest 5 (Winter 1985): 54.

Quirke, Carol. “Camera Work: News Photography and America’s Working Class, 1919–1950.”  Phd dissertation, City University of New York, 2005.

Quirke, Carol.  Eyes on Labor: News Photography and America’s Working Class.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Raeburn, John.  A Staggering Revolution: A Cultural History of Thirties Photography.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.

Raetzsch, Christoph.  “Real Pictures of Current Events: The Photographic Legacy of Journalistic Objectivity.”  Media History 21:3 (August 2015): 294-312.

Rhode, Robert B., and Floyd H. McCall.  Press Photography: Reporting with a Camera.  New York: Macmillan, 1961.

Rice, Stephen P.  “Photography in Engraving on Wood: On the Road to the Halftone Revolution,” Common-Place 7 (April 2007), http://www.common-place.org.

Rohrbach, John. Color: American Photography Transformed. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2013. 

Ruby, Jay.  The World of Francis Cooper: Nineteenth-Century Philadelphia Photographer.  University Park: Penn State University Press, 1999.

Rudisill, Richard.  Mirror Image: The Influence of the Daguerreotype on American Society.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1971.

Sandler, Martin W.  The Story of American Photography.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1979.

Sandweiss, Martha.  Photography in Nineteenth Century America.  New York: Abrams, 1991.

Sandweiss, Martha.  Print the Legend: Photography and the American West.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

Scholnick, Robert J.  "Scribner's Monthly and the Pictorial Representation of Life and Truth in Post Civil War America."  American Periodicals 1:1 (Fall 1991): 46-69.

Schuneman, R. Smith.  "Art or Photography: A Question for Newspaper Editors of the 1890s."  Journalism Quarterly 42 (Winter 1965): 43-53.

Schuneman, R. Smith.  "The Photograph in Print: An Examination of New York Daily Newspapers, 1890-1937." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1966.

Severa, Joan L.  My Likeness Taken: Daguerreian Portraits in America.  Kent: Kent State University Press, 2005.

Smith, Shawn Michele.  American Archives: Gender, Race, and Class in Visual Culture.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Snow, Rachel. “Tourism and American Identity: Kodak’s Conspicuous Consumers Abroad.” Journal of American Culture 31 (March 2008): 7–19. Special Issue. Heavily illustrated.

Sontag, Susan.  On Photography.  New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1977.

Spencer, Otha B.  “Twenty Years of Life: A Study to Time, Inc.’s Picture Magazine and its Contributions to Photojournalism.”  PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1958.

Spruill, Larry Hawthorne.  “Southern Exposure: Photography and the Civil Rights Movement, 1955-1968.”  PhD dissertation, State University of New York- Stony Brook, 1983.

Stange, Maren. Symbols of Ideal Life: Social Documentary Photography in America, 1890-1950.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Stott, William.  Documentary Expression and Thirties America.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Swedlund, Charles.  Photography: A Handbook of History, Materials, and Processes.  New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1974.

Taft, Robert.  Photography and the American Scene: A Social History, 1839-1889.  New York: Dover, 1964.

Thomas, Margaret Frances. “Through the Lens of Experience: American Women Newspaper Photographers.”  PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin, 2007.

Trachtenberg, Alan.  Reading American Photographs: Images as History from Matthew Brady to Walker Evans.  New York: Hill & Wang, 1989.

Trotti, Michael Ayers.  “Murder Made Real: The Visual Revolution of the Halftone.”  Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 111:4 (2003): 379-410.

Troyano, Joan Fragaszy. “Visualizing a Nation: Photographs, European Immigration, and American Identity, 1880–1980.”  PhD dissertation, George Washington University, 2011.

Tucker, Anne.  The Woman's Eye.  New York: Knopf, 1973.

Turner, Pete.  History of Photography.  New York: Exeter Books, 1987.

Vanderlan, Robert J.  “Walker Evans at Fortune.”  Raritan 28:3 (Winter 2009): 81-104.

Vitray, Laura, et al.  Pictorial Journalism. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1939.

Warner Marien, Mary.  Photography and its Critics, 1839-1900.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Welling, William.  Photography in America: The Formative Years, 1839-1900.  New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1978.

Whelan, Richard.  Capa.  New York: Knopf, 1985.

Whiston Spirn, Anne.  Daring to Look: Dorthea Lange’s Photographs and Reports from the Field.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Willis, Deborah.  Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers 1840 to the Present.  New York: Norton, 2000.

Williamson, Glen G.  W. Eugene Smith and the Photographic Essay.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Wood, John, edAmerica and the Daguerreotype.  Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1991.*

Wood, John.  The Art of Autochrome: The Birth of Color Photography.  Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1993.

Wood, John.  The Scenic Daguerreotype: Romanticism and Early Photography.  Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1995.

Yochelson, Bonnie, and Daniel Czitrom.  Rediscovering Jacob Riis: Exposure Journalism and Photography in Turn of the Century New York.  New York: New Press, 2007.

Zelizer, Barbie. About to Die: How News Images Move the Public. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.