Prints, Illustrations, Editorial Cartoons, and Comics [index]

see also: Biographies

Abel, Robert H., and David Manning White, eds.  The Funnies: An American Idiom.  New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963.

Adelson, Fred B.  “Art Under Cover: American Gift-Book Illustrations.”  Antiques 126 (March 1984): 646-653.

Allen, Douglas.  Frederic Remington and the Spanish American War.  New York: Crown Publishing, 1971.

Amana, Harry.  "The Art of Propaganda: Charles Alston's World War II Editorial Cartoons for the Office of War Information and the Black Press."  American Journalism 21: 2 (Spring 2004): 79-111.

Anderson, Patricia.  The Printed Image and the Transformation of Popular Culture.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Appel, John J.  "Jews in American Caricature, 1820-1914."  American Jewish History 71:1 (September 1981): 103-133.

Armitage, Shelley.  John Held, Jr.: Illustrator of the Jazz Age.  Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

Arnold, Edmund C.  Ink on Paper: A Handbook of the Graphic Arts.  New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

Becker, Stephen.  The Comic Art in America.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959.

Benbow, Mark.  “Wilson’s Cartoonist: Charles R. Macauley and the 1912 Election.” Journalism History 37:4 (Winter 2012): 218-227.

Benton, Mike.  The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History.  Dallas, Taylor, 1989.

Bernhardt, Mark Alan.  “Picturing the News: The Spectacle of Gender and Politics in the Pictorial Journalism of Crime and War, 1836–1935.”  PhD dissertation, University of California- Riverside, 2006.

Best, James J.  American Popular Illustration: A Reference Guide.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1984.

Blackbeard, Bill, and Martin Williams, eds.  The Smithsonian Collection of American Newspaper Comics.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press and Harry N. Abrams, 1977.

Blackbeard, Bill.  R.F. Outcault's The Yellow Kid.  Northampton, Mass.:  Kitchensink Press, 1996.

Brandenburg, Hazel Crews. “The Evolution of a Cultural Icon: Currier & Ives and Twentieth-Century American Culture.”  PhD dissertation, George Mason University, 2007.

Brentano, Margaret, and Nicholson Baker.  The World on Sunday: Graphic Arts in Joseph Pulitzer's Newspaper, 1898-1911.  New York: Bulfinch, 2005.

Brod, Harry.  Superman Is Jewish? How Comic Book Superheroes Came to Serve Truth, Justice, and the Jewish-American Way. New York: Free Press, 2012.

Brown, Joshua.  "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper: The Pictorial Press and the Representation of America, 1855-1889." Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1993.

Brown, Joshua.  Beyond the Lines: Pictorial Reporting, Everyday Life and the Crisis of Gilded Age America.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Brown, Joshua.  "The Social and Sensational News of the Day:  Frank Leslie, the Day's Doings, and Scandalous Pictorial News in Gilded Age New York."  New York Journal of American History 66 (Fall 2003): 10-20.

Brown, Michael.  "The Popular Art of American Magazine Illustration, 1885-1917." Journalism History 24:3 (Autumn 1998): 94-103.

Brunner, Edward.  “Red Funnies: The New York Daily Worker’s ‘Popular Front’ Comics, 1936-1945.  American Periodicals 17:2 (2007): 184-207.

Buhle, Paul, ed.  Jews and American Comics: An Illustrated History of an American Art Form.  New York: New Press, 2008.

Bunker, Gary L.  "Antebellum Caricature and Women's Sphere."  Journal of Women's History 3 (Winter 1992): 6-43.

Burke, Chloe Serene. “Germs, Genes, and Dissent: Representing Radicalism as Disease in American Political Cartooning, 1877-­1919.” PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 2004.

Campbell, Mary, and Gordon Campbell.  The Pen, not the Sword.  Nashville: Aurora Publishing, 1971.

Carl, Leroy M.  “Political Cartoons: Ink Blots of the Editorial Page.”  Journal of Popular Culture 4:1 (Summer 1970): 39-45.

Carlin,  John, Paul Karasik, and Brian Walker, eds.  Masters of American Comics.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.

Casswell, Lucy Shelton.  "Edwina Dumm: Pioneer woman Editorial Cartoonist, 1915-1917."  Journalism History 15:1 (Spring 1988): 2-7.

Casswell, Lucy Shelton.  "Drawing Swords: War in American Editorial Cartoons."  American Journalism 21: 2 (Spring 2004): 13-45.

Chase, John.  Today's Cartoon.  New Orleans: Hauser Press, 1962.

Cohen, Kenneth. “‘Sport for Grown Children’: American Political Cartoons, 1790–1850.” International Journal of the History of Sport 28: 8/9 (2011): 1301–1318.

Cohen, Michael. “Imagining Militarism: Art Young and The Masses Face the Enemy.” Radical History Review 106 (Winter 2010): 87–108.

Cohn, Jan.  Covers of the Saturday Evening Post: Seventy Years of Outstanding Illustration from America’s Favorite Magazine.  New York: Viking, 2005.

Costello, Matthew J.   Secret Identity Crisis: Comic Books and the Unmasking of Cold War America. New York: Continuum, 2009.

Courperie, Pierre, and Maurice C. Horn.  A History of the Comic Strip. New York: Crown, 1968.

Davison, Nancy Reynolds.  "E.W. Clay: American Political Caricaturist of the Jacksonian Era."  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1980.

DeForrest, Tim.  Storytelling in the Pulps, Comics, and Radio:  How Technology Changed Popular Fiction in America.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2004.

Dewey, Donald.  The Art of Ill Will: The Story of American Political Cartoons.  New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Dennis, Everette E., and Christopher Allen.  "Puck: The Comic Weekly."  Journalism History 6:1 (Spring 1979): 2-7, 13.

Downey, Fairfax.  Portrait of an Era as Drawn by C.D. Gibson.  New York: Scribner's, 1936.

Duncan, Randy, and Matthew J. Smith.  The Power of Comics: History, Form and Culture.  New York: Continuum, 2009.

Elbert, Monika M.  “Striking a Historical Pose: Antebellum Tableaux Vivants, Godey’s Illustrations, and Margaret Fuller’s Heroines.” New England Quarterly 75:2 (2002): 235-275.

Fischer, Roger A.  Those Damned Pictures: Explorations on American Political Cartoon Art.  North Haven, Conn.: Archon Books, 1996.

Fisher, Edwin, Mort Gerberg, and Ron Wolin.  The Art of Cartooning: Seventy-five Years of American Magazine Cartoons.  New York: Scribner's, 1972.

Finch, Christopher.  Norman Rockwell: 322 Magazine Covers.  New York: Abbeville, 1979.

Fitzgerald, Richard.  Art and Politics: Cartoonists of the Masses and Liberator.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Franzen, Monica.  Make Way!  200 Years of American Women in Cartoons.  Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 1987.

Gambee, Budd Leslie.  "Frank Leslie and His Illustrated Newspaper, 1855-1860."  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1963.

Gamson, William A., and David Stuart.  “Media Discourse as a Symbolic Contest: The Bomb in Political Cartoons.”  Sociological Forum 7:1 (March 1992): 55-86.

Gentner, Robert.  “With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility’: Cold War Culture and the Birth of Marvel Comics.”  Journal of Popular Culture 40:6 (December 2007): 953-978.

Golden, Catherine.  Reading Between the Lines: Victorian Art and Illustration.  Saratoga Springs: Skidmore College, 1996.

Goldstein, Kalman.  "Al Capp and Walt Kelly: Pioneers of Political and Social Satire in Comics."  Journal of Popular Culture 25 (Spring 1992): 81-95.

Gordon, Ian.  Comic Strips and Consumer Culture, 1890-1945.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Hales, Peter Bacon.  “Illustrating Culture: Consensus and Conflict in the Nineteenth-Century American Picture Press.” Reviews in American History 32:2 (2004): 204-213.

Hall, Richard A. “The Captain America Conundrum: Issues of Patriotism, Race, and Gender in Captain America Comic Books, 1941–2001.”  PhD dissertation, Auburn University, 2011.

Halloran, Fiona Deans. “The Power of the Pencil: Thomas Nast and American Political Art”  PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 2005.

Halloran, Fiona Deans.  Thomas Nast: The Father of Modern Political Cartoons.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

Hamilton, Sinclair.  Early American Book Illustrators and Wood Engravers, 1670-1870.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Harvey, Robert C.  The Art of the Funnies: An Aesthetic History.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Harvey, Robert C.  Children of the Yellow Kid: The Evolution of the American Comic Strip.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

Hatfield, Charles.  Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.  

Havig, Alan.  “Richard F. Outcault’s ‘Poor Lil Mose:’ Variations on the Black Stereotype in American Comic Art.”  Journal of American Culture 11:1 (Spring 1988): 33-41.

Herbert, A.P.  The Best Cartoons from “Punch.”  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1952.

Hess, Stephen, and Milton Kaplan.  The Ungentlemanly Art: A History of American Political Cartoons.  New York: Macmillan, 1968.

Hess, Stephen, and Sandy Northrop.  Drawn and Quartered: The History of American Political Cartoons.  Montgomery, Ala.: Elliott & Clark Pub.,1996.

Hess, Stephen, and Sandy Northrop.  American Political Cartoons: The Evolution of a National Identity.  New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2011.

Hind, Arthur M.  An Introduction to the History of the Woodcut.  New York: Dover, 1963.

Huff, P.J., and J.G. Lewin.  Lines of Contention: Political Cartoons of the Civil War.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2007.

Huntzicker, William E.  "Picturing the News: Frank Leslie and the Origins of American Pictorial Journalism." in The Press and the Civil War, David B. Sachsman, et al, eds.  New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2000.

Inge, M. Thomas. “Li’l Abner, Snuffy, Pogo, and Friends: The South in the American Comic Strip.” Southern Quarterly 48 (Winter 2011): 6–74.

Jeansonne, Glen.  “Goldbugs, Silverites, and Satirists: Caricature and Humor in the Presidential Election of 1896.” Journal of American Culture 11:2 (Summer 1988): 1-8.

Jeter, Marvin D., and Mark Cervenka.  “H. J. Lewis, Free Man and Freeman Artist: The First African American Political Cartoonist.” Common-Place 7 (April 2007), http://www.common-place.org.

Johnston, Patricia, ed.  Seeing High & Low: Representing Social Conflict in American Visual Culture.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

Jones, Gerard.  Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book.  New York: Basic Books, 2004.

Justice, Benjamin. “Thomas Nast and the Public Schools of the 1870s.” History of Education Quarterly 45 (Summer 2005): 171­206.

Kahan, Robert S.  "The Antecedents of American Photojournalism." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1969.

Keller, Morton.  The Art and Politics of Thomas Nast.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Kies, Emily B.  "The City and the Machine: Urban and Industrial Illustration in America, 1880-1900."  PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 1971.

Kinsey, Joni L.  Thomas Moran’s West: Chromolithography, High Art, and Popular Taste.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006. 

Kiste Nyberg, Amy.  Seal of Approval: The History of the Comics Code.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1998.

Kripal, Jeffrey J. Mutants and Mystics: Science Fiction, Superhero Comics, and the Paranormal.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Kuhn, Martin.  “Drawing Civil War Soldiers: Volunteers and the Draft in Harper’s Weekly and Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, 1861-64.”  Journalism History 32:2 (Summer 2006): 96-105.

Kunzle, David.  The History of the Comic Strip: The Nineteenth Century.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Kunzle, David.  Father of the Comic Strip: Rodolphe Topffer.  Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2007.

Lacey, Barbara E., From Sacred to Secular: Visual Images in Early American Publications. (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2007.

Lamb, Christopher. “Changing with the Times: The World According to Doonsbury.”  Journal of Popular Culture 23:4 (Spring 1990): 113-129.

Larson, Judy L., ed.  The Graphic Arts and the South.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1993.*

Lawson, Karol Ann P.  "An Inexhaustible Abundance: The National Landscape Depicted in American Magazines, 1780-1820."  Journal of the Early Republic 12 (Fall 1992): 303-330.

Lent, John A.  Comic Books and Comic Strips in the United States: An International Bibliography.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Lenthall, Bruce.  “Outside the Panel- Race in America’s Popular Imagination: Comic Strips Before and After World War II.”  Journal of American Studies 32:1 (April 1998): 39-61.

Levin, Jo Ann Early.  "The Golden Age of Illustration: Popular Art in American Magazines, 1850-1925."  PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1980.

Lewin, J. G., and P. J. Huff.  Lines of Contention: Political Cartoons of the Civil War. New York: Collins, 2007.

Lewis, Benjamin.  Guide to Engravings in American Magazines, 1741-1810.  New York: New York Public Library, 1959.

Lisenby, Foy.  "American Women in Magazine Cartoons."  American Journalism 2 (1985): 130-34.

Lordan, Edward J.  Politics, Ink: How America's Cartoonists Skewer Politicians from George III to George Dubya.  Lanham, Md.:  Rowman and Littlefield, 2005.

Lovejoy, David S.  "American Painting in Early Nineteenth Century Gift Books."  American Quarterly 7:4 (Winter 1955): 345-361.

Lupoff, Dick, and Don Thompson, eds.  The Comic Book.  New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1973.

Makemson, Harlan E.  "Images of Scandal: Political Cartooning in the 1894 Presidential Campaign." PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2002.

Makemson, Harlen.  “Beat the Press: How Leading Political Cartoonists Framed Protests at the 1968 Democratic Party Convention.”  Journalism History 32:2 (Summer 2006): 77-86.

Marschall, Richard.  America's Great Comic Strip Artists. New York: Abbeville Press, 1989.

Marzio, Peter C.  The Democratic Art: Chromolithography 1840-1900, Pictures for 19th Century America.  Boston: David R. Godine, 1979.

McWilliam, Neil, Eds. Lines of Attack: Conflicts in Caricature. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.

Miller, Worth Robert.  Populist Cartoons: An Illustrated History of the Third-Party Movement in the 1890s.  Kirksville: Truman State University Press, 2011.

Moist, Kevin M.  “Visualizing Postmodernity: 1960s Rock Posters and Contemporary American Culture.”  Journal of Popular Culture 43:6 (December 2010): 1242-1265.

Moss, Richard. “Racial Anxiety on the Comics Page: Harry Hershfield’s ‘Abie the Agent,’ 1914-1940.”  Journal of Popular Culture 40:1 (February 2007): 90-108.

Murrell, William.  A History of American Graphic Humor, 1747-1938.  2 vol.  New York: Macmillan, 1933-1938.

Navasky, Victor S.  The Art of Controversy: Political Cartoons and Their Enduring Power.  New York: Knopf, 2012.

Neely, Jr., Mark E., Harold Holzer, and Gabor S. Boritt.  The Confederate Image: Prints of the Lost Cause.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Neely, Jr., Mark E., and Harold Holzer.  The Union Image: Popular Prints of the Civil War North.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Nevins, Allan, and Frank Weitenkampf.  A Century of Political Cartoons: Caricature in the United States from 1800-1900.  New York: Scribner's, 1944.

Nystrom, Elsa A.  "The Rejection of Order: The Development of the Newspaper Comic Strip, 1830-1920."  PhD dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago, 1989.

Paine, Albert Bigelow.  Th. Nast: His Period and His Pictures.  New York: Macmillan, 1904.

Pearson, Andrea G.  "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Weekly: Innovation and Imitation in Nineteenth Century Pictorial Reporting." Journal of Popular Culture 23:4 (Spring 1990): 81-111.

Pillen, Cory. “See America: WPA Posters and the Mapping of a New Deal Democracy.” Journal of American Culture 31 (March 2008): 49–65.    Heavily illustrated.

Piott, Steven L.  "The Rights of the Cartoonist: Samuel Pennypacker and Freedom of the Press."  Pennsylvania History 55:2 (April 1988): 78-91.

Portnoy, Edward A.  “The Creation of a Jewish Cartoon Space in the New York and Warsaw Yiddish Press, 1884–1939.”  PhD dissertation, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 2008.

Press, Charles.  The Political Cartoon.  East Brunswick, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1981.

Pustz, Matthew J.  Comic Book Culture: Fanboys and True Believers.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999.

Rainey, Sue. “Mary Hallock Foote: A Leading Illustrator of the 1870s and 1880s.” Winterthur Portfolio 41 (Summer–Autumn 2007): 97–140.

Raphael, Jordan, and Tom Spurgeon.  Stan Lee and the Rise and Fall of the American Comic Book.  Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2003.

Reed, Walt, ed.  The Illustrator in America, 1900-1960s.  New York: Reinhold, 1966.

"Revolution in Print: Graphics in Nineteenth Century America," special issue of Common-place: The Interactive Journal of Early American Life.  7:3 (April 2007).  http://www.common-place.org/vol-07/no-03/

Robinson, Jerry.  The Comics: An Illustrated History of Comic Strip Art.  New York: Putnam's, 1974.

Roylance, Dale.  American Graphic Arts: A Chronology to 1900 in Books, Prints, and Drawings.  Princeton: Princeton University Library, 1990.

Sanders, Bill.  Run for the Oval Room...They Can't Corner Us There.  Milwaukee: Alpha Press, 1974.  (Milwaukee Journal editorial cartoonist)

Savage, William W., Jr.  Comic Books and America, 1945-1954.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Schuneman, R. Smith.  "Art or Photography: A Question for Newspaper Editors of the 1890s."  Journalism Quarterly 42 (Winter 1965): 43-53.

Scott, Cord A. “Comics and Conflict: War and Patriotically Themed Comics in American Cultural History from World War II through the Iraq War.”  PhD dissertation, Loyola University Chicago, 2011.

Serlio, Anne Marie.  Political Cartoons in the 1848 Election Campaign.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1972.

Sheppard, Alice.  “There Were Ladies Present: American Women Cartoonists and Comic Artists in the Early 20th Century.”  Journal of American Culture 7:3 (Fall 1984): 38-48.

Sheppard, Alice.  Cartooning for Suffrage.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1993.

Sheridan, Martin.  Comics and Their Creators.  Boston: Hale, Cushman, and Flint, 1942. (reprinted by Luna Press, 1971)

Somers, Paul P.  Editorial Cartooning: A Reference Guide.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Somers, Paul.  "Right in the Fuhrer's Face: American Editorial Cartoons of the World War II Period."  American Journalism 13:3 (Summer 1996): 333-353.

Sonstegard, Adam.  Artistic Liberties: American Literary Realism and Graphic Illustration, 1880-1905.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2014.

Soper, Kerry David.  “Seriously Funny: A History of Satirical Newspaper Comic Strips in Twentieth Century United States.”  Phd dissertation, Emory University, 1998.

Soper, Kerry.  "From Rowdy Urban Carnival to Contained Middle-Class Pastime: Reading Richard Outcault's Yellow Kid and Buster Brown."  Columbia Journal of American Studies 4:1 (2000): 143-167.

Soper, Kerry.  “Performing ‘Jiggs’:  Irish Caricature and Comic Ambivalence toward Assimilation and the American Dream in George McManus’s Bringing Up Father.”  Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 4:2 (April 2005): 173-213.

Soper, Kerry.  "From Swarthy Ape to Sympathetic Everyman and Subversive Trickster: The Development of Irish Caricature in American Comic Strips between 1890 and 1920."  Journal of American Studies 39 (August 2005): 257-296.

Spencer, David R.  "Bringing Down Giants: Thomas Nast, John Wilson Bengough and the Maturing of Political Cartooning."  American Journalism 15:3 (1998): 61-88.

Spencer, David R.  "Visions of Violence: A Cartoon Study of America and War."  American Journalism 21: 2 (Spring 2004): 47-78.

Szasz, Ferenc M.  Atomic Comics: Cartoonists Confront the Nuclear World.  Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2012.

Tatham, David.  Prints and Printmakers in New York State, 1825-1940.  Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Thomas, Samuel J.  "Holding the Tiger: Mugwump Cartoonists in Tammany Hall in Gilded Age New York."  New York History 82 (Spring 2001): 155-182.

Tilley, Carol L. “Seducing the Innocent: Frederic Wertham and the Falsifications That Helped Condemn Comics.” Information and Culture: A Journal of History 47 (no. 4, 2012): 383–413.

Topliss, Iain.  The Comic Worlds of Peter Arno, William Steig, Charles Addams, and Saul Steinberg. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Tower, Samuel A.  Cartoons and Lampoons: The Art of Political Satire.  New York: Julian Messner, 1982.

Vance, Michael.  Forbidden Adventures: The History of the American Comics Group.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Vials, Chris.  Realism for the Masses: Aesthetics, Popular Front Pluralism, and U.S. Culture, 1935-1947.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2010.

Vinson, John Chalmers.  "Thomas Nast and the American Political Scene."  American Quarterly 9:3 (Autumn 1957): 337-344.

Vinson, John Chalmers.  Thomas Nast- Political Cartoonist.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2014.   ppbk. reissue

Von Lintel, Amy M. “Wood Engravings, the ‘Marvelous Spread of Illustrated Publications,’ and the History of Art.” Modernism/Modernity 19 (September 2012): 515–542.

Walker, Brian.  The Comics: Since 1945.  New York: Abrams, 2002.

Walker, Brian.  The Comics: Before 1945.  New York: Abrams, 2004.

Waugh, Coulton.  The Comics. New York: Macmillan, 1947.

West, Richard Samuel.  Satire on Stone: The Political Cartoons of Joseph Keppler.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

White, David M., and Robert H. Abel, eds.  The Funnies, an American Idiom.  Glencoe, Ill.:  The Free Press, 1963.

Wiggins, William H., Jr.  “Boxing’s Sambo Twins: Racial Stereotypes in Jack Johnson and Joe Louis Newspaper Cartoons, 1908-1938.”  Journal of Sport History 15 (Winter 1988): 242-253.

Williams, Jason Richard. “Competing Visions: Women Writers and Male Illustrators in the Golden Age of Illustration.”  PhD dissertation, University of New Hampshire, 2011.

Wright, Bradford W.  Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Yaszek, Lisa.  "Them Damn Pictures: Americanization and the Comic Strip in the Progressive Era."  Journal of American Studies 28:1 (1994): 23-38.

Young, William H.  “The Serious Funnies: Adventure Comics during the Great Depression.”  Journal of Popular Culture 3:3 (Winter 1969): 404-427.