Partaking of the Lord's Supper
Matthew 26:26-29
Introduction
I.  This morning we were given the privilege to partake of the Lord's Supper.
    A.  This Morning = 1st day of the week.
    B.  We = Christians.
    C.  Were given = an act of grace
    D.  The Privilege = an act of faith
    E.  To Partake = 1. To take or have a part or share; participate. 2. To take or be given
        part or portion. 3. To have part of the quality, nature, or character of something.
    F.  Of the Lord's Supper = The Lord's memorial meal.
II. On the night of his betrayal, Jesus instituted the Lord's Supper (Luke 22:14-20).
    (Luke 22:14-20 NKJV)  When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with
    Him. {15} Then He said to them, "With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with
    you before I suffer; {16} "for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom
    of God." {17} Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, "Take this and divide it among
    yourselves; {18} "for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God
    comes." {19} And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is
    My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me." {20} Likewise He also took the
    cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.
    A.  The world says that a memorial should be made to last through the generations;
        that it should be made of indestructible materials.
        1.  How unique then, that Jesus established a memorial made of food, a substance
            which doesn't last at all.
        2.  Yet, this memorial continues to last - even longer than a metal or marble statue.
    B.  Christ's memorial is unique.
        1.  Those who partake become part of it.
            a.  While a man can gaze upon the great pyramids, he may not know the
                significance of them.
            b.  He is observing from without. 
        2.  But a Christian, when eating the Lord's Supper, is observing from within.
III.    It is important that we partake of the Lord's Supper, and it is important how we partake.
Discussion
I.  WE ARE TO PARTAKE IN REMEMBRANCE (MAT 26:26-29).
    A.  Emblems (26-28).
        1.  Unleavened bread -- Body.
            a.  A-fik-omen - eaten in grateful remembrance of the pascal lamb.
            b.  Christians eat the bread in remembrance of Jesus' body.
        2.  Fruit of the vine -- Blood.
            a.  "Cup of Redemption" - focus the attention on God & His redemptive work.
                (1)  Metonymy - A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is
                     substituted for another.
                     (a)  Cup = fruit of the vine.
            b.  Life is in the blood.
                (Gen 9:4 NKJV)  "But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.
                (Rev 1:5 NKJV)  and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from
                the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth. To Him who loved us and
                washed us from our sins in His own blood,
                (1)  Spiritual life is in the blood of Jesus (Ax 2:38).
    B.  Ending (29a).
        1.  Ending of the Passover.
        2.  I drink it new - new meaning in communing with Christ.
    C.  Emergence (29b).
        1.  In My Father's kingdom (Mat 16:16-18).
II. WE ARE TO PARTAKE IN STEADFASTNESS (ACTS 2:42).
    A.  Lit. "The breaking of the bread or loaf."
        1.  Synecdoche - A figure of speech in which one part is used for the whole.
    B.  This is the beginning of the fulfilment of Mat 26:29.
III.    WE ARE TO PARTAKE IN OBEDIENCE (ACTS 20:7).
    A.  Apostolic Example.
        (1 Cor 11:26 NKJV)  For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim
        the Lord's death till He comes.
        1.  Does that mean every Sunday? -- Yes!
            (Exo 20:8 NKJV)  "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
    B.  Authorized Day.
        1.  Resurrection Day (Lk 24:1-3).
        2.  Beginning Day (Ax 2).
        3.  Collection Day (1 Cor 16:1-2).
        4.  Lord's Day (Rev 1:10).
IV. WE ARE TO PARTAKE IN COMMUNION (1 COR 10:14-22).
    A.  Oneness with Christ (16).
    B.  Oneness with one another (17).
V.  WE ARE TO PARTAKE IN UNITY (1 COR 11:17-34).
    A.  There was division (17-19).
        (1 Cor 1:10 KJV)  Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that
        ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be
        perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.
    B.  There was a Love Feast (20-22).
        (2 Pet 2:13 NKJV)  and will receive the wages of unrighteousness, as those who count it
        pleasure to carouse in the daytime. They are spots and blemishes, carousing in their own
        deceptions while they feast with you,
        (Jude 1:12 NKJV)  These are spots in your love feasts, while they feast with you without
        fear, serving only themselves. They are clouds without water, carried about by the winds;
        late autumn trees without fruit, twice dead, pulled up by the roots;
        1.  Paul is not condemning eating in a church building because they were not meeting in
            a church building.
            (Acts 18:7-11 NKJV)  And he departed from there and entered the house of a certain
            man named Justus, one who worshiped God, whose house was next door to the
            synagogue. {8} Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with
            all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized.
            {9} Now the Lord spoke to Paul in the night by a vision, "Do not be afraid, but speak,
            and do not keep silent; {10} "for I am with you, and no one will attack you to hurt you;
            for I have many people in this city." {11} And he continued there a year and six
            months, teaching the word of God among them.
    C.  There was the Lord's Supper (23-34).
        1.  5 things take place when we partake of the Lord's Supper.
            a.  We give thanks to God.
            b.  We remember Jesus' death.
            c.  We proclaim the Lord's death.
            d.  We reflect upon His coming.
            e.  We examine ourselves.
        2.  Who or what is "unworthy" -- "worthily" (27, 29).
            a.  It is the "Manner"
        3.  How am I to partake in a worthy manner?
            a.  By not discerning the Lord's body   lit. Discern the body.
                (1)  Discern = to separate thoroughly.
            b.  Partake in unity.
                     (a)  Worship needs to be done decently and in order but not
                          ritualistically.
                     (b)  We need to examine ourselves but not degrade ourselves.
                     (c)  The emblems are important, but they are not idols.
                     (d)  Feelings are part of communing, but I cannot impose my feelings
                          upon others.
                     (e)  We must worship God in spirit & truth, but man-made traditions
                          can change.
Conclusion
I.  May it be our personal desire to partake of the Lord's Supper every Sunday for the rest of
    our lives.
II. Let us partake in:
            A.  Remembrance, Steadfastness, Obedience, Communion, Unity.

** If you have any questions or if you would like to become a Christian, please let us know. 
Alan C. Cole
26th St. Church of Christ
101-26th Street Huntington, WV 25703
Phone - (304) 522-0717
E-Mail - mailto:Cole8@marshall.edu
Homepage - http://mupfc.marshall.edu/~cole8/