Beyond Death's Door: Body, Soul, & Spirit
                                 Genesis 2:4-7
Introduction
I.  Human beings are different from animals because we are created in God's image.
    (Gen 1:26-27 NKJV)  "Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have
    dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every
    creeping thing that creeps on the earth." {27} So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created
    him; male and female He created them."
    (Gen 9:6 NKJV)  ""Whoever sheds man's blood, By man his blood shall be shed; For in the image of God He made
    man."
II. We can also reflect on the past, relate it to the present and future, and wonder about
    the possibility of life after death.
III.    By putting together available information, we can know that life has a purpose and
        that there is an eternal existence awaiting us after this life is over.
    (Eccl 12:13-14 NKJV)  "Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God and keep His commandments, For
    this is man's all. {14} For God will bring every work into judgment, Including every secret thing, Whether good or evil."
Discussion
I.  OUR TRAGEDY.
    A.  Death came into the world because of sin.
        (Gen 3:17-19 NKJV)  Then to Adam He said, "Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten
        from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, 'You shall not eat of it': "Cursed is the ground for your sake; In
        toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life. {18} Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you
        shall eat the herb of the field. {19} In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For
        out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return."
        (Gen 5:1-5 NKJV)  "This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him
        in the likeness of God. {2} He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the
        day they were created. {3} And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness,
        after his image, and named him Seth. {4} After he begot Seth, the days of Adam were eight hundred years; and
        he had sons and daughters. {5} So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years; and he died."
            (1 Cor 15:22 NKJV)  For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.
        1.  Death was God's punishment for sin.
            (Gen 3:4 NKJV)  Then the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die.
            (John 8:44 NKJV)  "You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was
            a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he
            speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.
        2.  Death is spoken of as a physical or spiritual separation.
            a.  Physical death because God separated man for the tree of life.
                (Gen 3:22-23 NKJV)  Then the LORD God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to
                know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and
                live forever"; {23} therefore the LORD God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground from
                which he was taken.
            b.  Spiritual death because sin separates man from God (Isa 59:1-2)
                (Rom 5:12 NKJV)  "Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through
                sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned;"
                (Rom 6:23 NKJV)  For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus
                our Lord.
                (Eph 2:1 NKJV)  "And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins,"
                (1 Tim 5:6 NKJV)  But she who lives in pleasure is dead while she lives.
                (James 1:15 NKJV)  Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is
                full-grown, brings forth death.
        3.  Death is a promise of God.
            (Gen 2:17 NKJV)  "but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that
            you eat of it you shall surely die."
                (Gen 3:4 NKJV)  "Then the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die."
            (Heb 9:27 NKJV)  And as it is appointed for men to die...
                (Gen 4:8 NKJV)  Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the
                field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.
            a.  The only exceptions were Enoch and Elijah.
                (1)  And only those alive at Jesus' return will escape death.
                     (Heb 2:14-15 NKJV)  "Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He
                     Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the
                     power of death, that is, the devil, {15} and release those who through fear of death were all
                     their lifetime subject to bondage."
                     (1 Cor 15:26 NKJV)  "The last enemy that will be destroyed is death."
                     (1 Cor 15:54-57 NKJV)  "So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal
                     has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: "Death is
                     swallowed up in victory." {55} "O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your
                     victory?" {56} The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. {57} But thanks be
                     to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ."
II. OUR MORTALITY.
    A.  The Bible teaches that we are mortals.
        1.  Mortal: Liable or subject to death.
            (Rom 6:12 NKJV)  Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts.
            (Rom 8:11 NKJV)  But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised
            Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.
            (1 Cor 15:53-54 NKJV)  For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on
            immortality. {54} So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality,
            then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: "Death is swallowed up in victory."
            (2 Cor 4:11 NKJV)  For we who live are always delivered to death for Jesus' sake, that the life of Jesus
            also may be manifested in our mortal flesh.
            (2 Cor 5:4 NKJV)  For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be
            unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life.
            a.  The Godhead possesses immortality.
                (1 Tim 6:15-16 NKJV)  which He will manifest in His own time, He who is the blessed and only
                Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords, {16} who alone has immortality, dwelling in
                unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting
                power. Amen.
        2.  "Mortal" in each reference alludes to the body, the fleshly part of man.
    B.  The Bible teaches that our resurrected bodies will be immortal (1 Cor 15:53-53).
        (2 Cor 5:1 NKJV)  For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a
        house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
            (2 Cor 5:4 NKJV)  For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be
            unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life.
III.    OUR IDENTITY.
    A.  The truth about ourselves is very important.
        1.  If I just bear the image of earthly man, I have no real hope or purpose.
            (1 Cor 15:19 NKJV)  If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the most pitiable.
        2.  If I also bear the image of the heaven Father, I have real hope and purpose.
            (Gen 1:27 NKJV)  So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and
            female He created them.
    B.  The truth about ourselves is that man is a threefold being.
        (1 Th 5:23 NKJV)  Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely; and may your whole spirit, soul,
        and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
        1.  The Body.
            a.  The body is the moral part of our makeup.
                (2 Cor 4:16 NKJV)  Therefore we do not lose heart. Even though our outward man is perishing, yet
                the inward man is being renewed day by day.
            b.  The body is the earthly house of flesh in which we live.
        2.  The Soul.
            a.  The soul usually refers to the inner person, the seat of the appetites,
                desires, affections.
                (Mat 10:28 NKJV)  "And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear
                Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
            b.  The soul usually means the person who lives in the body: the "You."
                (Rev 6:9-11 NKJV)  "When He opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who
                had been slain for the word of God and for the testimony which they held. {10} And they cried with a
                loud voice, saying, "How long, O Lord, holy and true, until You judge and avenge our blood on those
                who dwell on the earth?" {11} Then a white robe was given to each of them; and it was said to them
                that they should rest a little while longer, until both the number of their fellow servants and their
                brethren, who would be killed as they were, was completed."
        3.  The Spirit.
            a.  The spirit is the part of man that is made in the image of God.
                (Heb 12:9 NKJV)  Furthermore, we have had human fathers who corrected us, and we paid them
                respect. Shall we not much more readily be in subjection to the Father of spirits and live?
            b.  The spirit is the highest part of man, that assimilates him to God.
                (Gen 2:7 NKJV)  "And the LORD God formed (potter) man of the dust of the ground, and breathed
                into his nostrils the breath (spirit) of life; and man became a living being. (soul)"
Conclusion
I.  The human makeup includes three parts: body, soul, and spirit.
II. Because of this, the death of the body will neither  be the death of the soul nor the
    spirit that are within each of us.
    A.  The spirit lives on!
III.    Beyond Death's Door there is life!
** If you have any questions or if you would like to become a Christian, please let us know. 
Alan C. Cole
26th St. Church of Christ
101-26th Street Huntington, WV 25703
Phone - (304) 522-0717
E-Mail - mailto:Cole8@marshall.edu
Homepage - http://webpages.marshall.edu/www/~cole8/