History of Mass Communication in America:

An Internet Bibliography

 

This is an online bibliography of books, articles, dissertations, and other academic resources in the field of Mass Communication History.  Although it is by no means complete or exhaustive, it does contain many of the most frequently cited resources in a variety of research areas as well as many classic older texts.  It is also regularly updated to include recently published material.  Some categories are noticeably more complete than others, which is largely due to my own personal research interests and time constraints.  It is a work in progress and the goal is to provide, over time, a current and comprehensive listing of the most important and useful works across the breadth of this wide-ranging field of study and to suggest resources for scholars engaging in historical research in journalism and mass communication.  Approximately 4500 titles are listed at this time and new entries are added on a regular basis.  Please contact the editor with suggestions or to point out errors.

Updated 3 November 2016

 

Note: Items marked * are edited collections that contain multiple essays or chapters by different authors on a common topic or topics.

Home

Contents:

Textbooks and General Histories of Journalism

Biography and Memoirs

Bibliographies and Reference Books

Women in Mass Communication

Journalism and Politics

The Media and the Presidency

Religion and Mass Media

Print Culture, Reading, Books, and Literacy

Trans-Atlantic Influences in Journalism History

Colonial America and the Revolutionary War

The Early Republic and Rise of the Party Press

The Penny Press and Antebellum Journalism

Abolitionist Press

The Civil War and Reconstruction

  Journalism in the Late Nineteenth Century

Literary Journalism

Alternative and Minority Press

Postal Service

Regional and Local Journalism

Progressive Era America and the Muckrakers

Propaganda, Public Diplomacy, and National Security

Labor and Radical Journalism

Tabloids, Gossip, Sensational, and Celebrity Journalism

Freedom of Expression, Media Law, Ethics

News Services and Syndicates

Histories of Individual Newspapers

Magazines

The Telegraph and Cables

Printing Technology, Paper, Layout and Design

Sports Journalism

Sound Technology and the Music Industry and Cultural Studies of Music History

Mass Media and Historical Memory

Mass Media in Wartime: 1898 to Present

Press Criticism

International Reporting

Early 20th Century Journalism

Trade Associations, Professionalization, Journalism Education

Mass Media and Mass Culture

 Communication Technology in History

Film

Broadcasting

Photography, Illustration, Comics

 Advertising, Mass Markets, and Consumer Culture

Collected Columns, Editorials, and Essays by Journalists

Journalism in the 1940s and 1950s

Communications and the Postwar Civil Rights Movement

Journalism and the Recent Past: The 1960s and Beyond

Public Relations

 

Textbooks and General Historical Studies [index]

Altschull, J. Herbert.  From Milton to McLuhan: The Ideas Behind American Journalism.  Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1990.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism.  New York: Verso, 1991.

Apple, Rima D., Gregory J. Downey, and Stephen L. Vaughn, eds. Science in Print: Essays on the History of Science and the Culture of Print. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2012.

Aucoin, James L. “The Investigative Tradition in American Journalism.” American Journalism 14, no. 3–4 (1997): 317–29.

Barkin, Steve M. “The Journalist as Storyteller: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.” American Journalism 1, no. 2 (1984): 27–34.

Bartholomew, Robert E., and Benjamin Radford.  The Martians Have Landed!: A History of Media-Driven Panics and Hoaxes.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2011.

Baughman, James J., Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen, and James P. Danky, eds.  Protest on the Page: Essays on Print and the Culture of Dissent.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2015.

Beasley, Maureen H.  Taking Their Place: A Documentary History of Women and Journalism. Washington DC: American University Press, 1993.

Bernhard, Jim.  Porcupines, Picayunes, and Posts: How Newspapers Get Their Names.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2008.

Black, Jeremy.  The Power of Knowledge: How Information and Technology Made the Modern World.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Blanchard, Margaret A.  "The Ossification of Journalism History: A Challenge for the 21st Century."  Journalism History 25 (August 1999): 107-112.

Blevens, Frederick. “The Shifting Paradigms of Investigative Journalism in the 20th Century.” American Journalism 14, no. 3–4 (1997): 257–61.

Bleyer, William G.  Main Currents in the History of American Journalism.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1927.

Briggs, Asa, and Peter Burke.  A Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet.  2 ed.  Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2005.

Burner, David, and Thomas R. West.  Columns Right: Conservative Journalists in the Service of Nationalism.  New York: New York University Press, 1988.

Carey, James W. Communication and Culture: Essays on Media and Society.  New York: Routledge, 1992.

Castagnaro, Mario. “Embellishment, Fabrication, and Scandal: Hoaxing and the American Press.”  PhD dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, 2009.

Chaisson, Lloyd, edThe Press in Times of Crisis.  Westport, CT: Prager, 1995.*

Chaisson, Lloyd, edThree Centuries of American Media.  Englewood, CO: Morton Publishing, 1999.

Chandler, Alfred D., Jr, and James W. Cortada, edsA Nation Transformed by Information: How Information has Shaped the Unites States from Colonial Times to the Present.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Cline, Hugh F.  Information Communication Technology and Social Transformation: A Social and Historical Perspective.  New York, NY: Routledge, 2014.

Cochran, Thomas C.  "Media as Business: A Brief History."  Journal of Communication 25 (Autumn 1975): 155-165.

Connery, Thomas B.  Journalism and Realism: Rendering American Life.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2011.

Consuegra, David.  American Type: Design & Designers.  New York: Allworth Press, 2004.

Cook, Philip S. et .al. eds.  American Media: The Wilson Quarterly Reader.  Washington: Wilson Center Press, 1989.*

Cora, Ronald, and William Henry Longton.  The Conservative Press in the Twentieth Century.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Cray, Ed, Jonathan Kotler, and Miles Beller, eds.  American Dateline: Major News Stories from Colonial Times to the Present.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Czitrom, Daniel. Media and the American Mind: From Morse to McLuhan. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Daly, Christopher B. Covering America: A Narrative History of a Nation’s Journalism. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2012.

Daniels, Jonathan.  They Will Be Heard: America's Crusading Newspaper Editors.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965.

DiCenzo, Maria.  Feminist Media History: Suffrage, Periodicals, and the Public Sphere.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Eason, David L.  "The New Social History of the Newspaper."  Communication Research 11 (January 1984): 141-151.

Edwards, Paul N., et. al.  “Historical Perspectives on the Circulation of Information,” American Historical Review 116: 5 (December 2011), 1393-1435.

Ehrlich, Matthew C., and Joe Salzman.  Heroes and Scoundrels: The Image of the Journalist in Popular Culture.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2015.

Emery, Michael, ed. The Press and America: An Interpretive History of the Mass Media. 9th edition.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

Fang, Irving E.  A History of Mass Communication: Six Information Revolutions.  Boston: Focal Press, 1997.

Farrar, Ronald T., and John D. Stevens, edsMass Media and the National Experience: Essays in Communication History.  New York: Harper and Row, 1971.*

“The Fourth Estate, 100th Anniversary, 1884-1984."  Editor and Publisher (31 March 1984).  370 page special issue

Fleming, Dan B.  "Benjamin Franklin to Watergate: The Press in U.S. History Textbooks." Journalism Quarterly 61 (1984): 885-88.

Fleming, Thomas.  Behind the Headlines: Great Moments in American Newspaper History.  New York: Doubleday, 1970.

Folkerts, Jean, and Dwight L. Teeter.  Voices of a Nation: A History of Mass Media in the United States.  3rd ed.  Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1998.

Ford, Edwin H., and Edwin Emery, eds Highlights in the History of the American Press.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1954.*

Fuller, Linda K. and Lilless McPherson Shilling. Dictionary of Quotations in Communications. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Gillespie, Tarlton, Pablo J. Baczkowski, and Kirsten A. Foot, eds.  Media Technologies: Essays on Communication, Materiality, and Society.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014.

Golia, Julie Annette. “Advising America: Advice Columns and the Modern American Newspaper, 1895–1955.” PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

Gonzalez, Juan, and Joseph Torres.  News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American Media.  New York: Verso, 2011.

Gordon, George N.  The Communications Revolution: A History of Mass Media in the United States.  New York: Hastings House, 1977.

Gorman, Lyn, and David McLean.  Media and Society in the Twentieth Century: A Historical Introduction.  New York: Wiley Blackwell, 2002.

Gregory, Winifred, edAmerican Newspapers, 1821-1936.  New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1937.

Harris, Jr., Roy J.  Pulitzer’s Gold: Behind the Prize for Public Service Journalism.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2007.

Head, Sydney W., Christopher H. Sterling, and Lemuel B. Schofield.  Broadcasting in America: A Survey of Electronic Media.  7th ed.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994.

Henkin, David M.  The Postal Age: The Emergence of Modern Communications in Nineteenth-Century America.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Hills, Jill. Telecommunications and Empire. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007.  

Holt, Jennifer, and Alisa Perren, eds. Media Industries: History, Theory, and Method. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2009.

Hui Kyong Chun, Wendy, and Thomas Keenan, eds.  New Media Old Media: A History and Theory Reader.  New York: Routledge, 2006.

Hutt, Allen.  The Changing Newspaper: Typographic Trends in Britain and America, 1622-1972.  London: Gordon Fraser, 1973.

Jensen, Carl.  Stories that Changed America: Muckrakers of the 20th Century.  New York: Seven Stories Press, 2000.

Jones, Robert W.  Journalism in the United States.  New York: Dutton, 1947.

Karolevitz, Robert F.  From Quill to Computer: The Story of America's Community NewspapersNational Newspaper Foundation, 1985.

Kellstedt, Paul M.  The Mass Media and the Dynamics of American Racial Attitudes.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Kobre, Sidney.  Development of American Journalism.  Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown Co., 1969.

Kroeger, Brooke. Undercover Reporting: The Truth about Deception. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2012.

Knowlton, Steven R., and Karen Freeman, edsFair and Balanced: A History of Journalistic Objectivity.  Northport, Ala.: Vision Press, 2005.

Krause, Monika. “Reporting and the Transformations of the Journalistic Field: U.S. News Media, 1890–2000.” Media, Culture, and Society 33 (January 2011): 89–104.

Lacy, Dan M.  From Grunts to Gigabytes: Communications and Society.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.

Lanosga, Gerry. “The Press, Prizes, and Power: Investigative Reporting in the United States, 1917–1960.”  PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 2011.

Lee, Alfred McClung.  The Daily Newspaper in America: The Evolution of a Social Instrument.  New York: Macmillan, 1937.

Lee, James M.  History of American Journalism.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917.

Lora, Ronald, and William Henry Longton, edsThe Conservative Press in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century America.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.*

Lloyd, Mark.  Prologue to a Farce: Communication and Democracy in America.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.

McChesney, Robert and William Solomon, edsRuthless Criticism: New Perspectives in U.S. Communication History.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.*

McMurtrie, Douglas.  A History of Printing in the United States.  New York: Bowker, 1936.

Malin, Brenton.  Feeling Mediated: A History of Media Technology and Emotion in America.  New York: NYU Press, 2014.

Marzio, Peter C.  The Men and Machines of American Journalism.  Washington DC: National Museum of History and Technology, 1973.

Marzolf, Marion T.  Up From the Footnote: A History of Woman Journalists. New York: Hastings House, 1997.

Mattelart, Armand.  The Invention of Communication.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

Merrill, John C.  The Elite Press: Great Newspapers of the World.  New York: Pitman, 1968.

Mindich, David T.Z.  "Searching for Journalism History in Cyberspace."  American Journalism 15:1 (1998): 103-08.

Moran, Terance P.  Introduction to the History of Communication: Evolutions & Revolutions.  New York: Peter Lang, 2010.

Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism: A History, 1690-1960, 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan Company, 1962.

Nerone, John.  “Does Journalism History Matter?”  American Journalism 28:3 (Fall 2011): 7-27.

Nerone, John.  The Media and Public Life: A History.  Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2015.

Nicholas, Sian, and Tom O’Malley, edsMoral Panics, Social Fears, and the Media: Historical Perspectives.  New York, NY: Routledge, 2013.

Nord, David Paul.  Communities of Journalism: A History of American Newspapers and Their Readers.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001.

Ostertag, Bob.  People’s Movements, People’s Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements.  Boston: Beacon Press, 2006.

Parcell, Lisa M.  "Newspaper Newswriting Style, 1690-1970."  PhD dissertation, University of Alabama, 2003.

Black, Jeremy.  The Power of Knowledge: How Information and Technology Made the Modern World.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Peters, John D.  Speaking Into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Peters, John D., and Peter Simonson, edsMass Communication and American Social Thought: Key Texts, 1919-1968.  Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2004.

Pettegree, Andrew.  The Invention of News: How the World Came to Know About Itself.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Pilger, John, ed.  Tell Me No Lies: Investigative Journalism that Changed the World.  New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2005.

Pilgrim, Tim A.  "Newspapers as Natural Monopolies: Some Historical Considerations." Journalism History 18 (1992): 3-10.

Poe, Marshall T. A History of Communications: Media and Society from the Evolution of Speech to the Internet. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

The Power of Print in American History, 1776-1976.  New York: St. Regis, 1977.

Publisher’s Auxiliary.  Journalism Bicentennial History Series.  8 vols.  Washington DC: National Newspaper Association, 1975.

Rainbolt, William R.  "The Image of Journalism in American Films, 1946-1976."  PhD dissertation, State University of New York-Albany, 2004.

Rhodes, Jane. “The Visibility of Race and Media History.” Critical Studies in Mass Communication 10 No. 2 (June 1993): 184-190.

Ritchie, Donald A.  “The Past Meets the Press: Historians and the News Media.”  Maryland Historian 30 (Spring 2006): 61–71.

Rosenberg, Emily S.  A World Connecting, 1870-1945.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012.

Rothmyer, Karen.  Winning Pulitzers: The Stories Behind Some of the Best News Coverage of Our Time.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Russell, Dennis. "The Journalistic Autobiography: How Reporters View Themselves and Order Their Experience." Studies in Popular Culture 18.1 (1995) 83-99. 

Rutland, Robert A.  The Newsmongers: Journalism in the Life of the Nation, 1690-1972.  New York: Dial Press, 1973.

Schudson, Michael.  Discovering the News: A Social History of American Newspapers.  New York: Basic Books, 1978.

Schudson, Michael.  The Power of News.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Schudson, Michael.  "Toward a Troubleshooting Manual for Journalism History."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 74 (Autumn 1997): 463-476.

Shapiro, Bruce, edShaking the Foundations: 200 Years of Investigative Journalism in America.  New York: Nation Books, 2003.

Simonson, Peter. Refiguring Mass Communication: A History. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Sloan, Wm. David.  Perspectives on Mass Communication History.  Mahwah, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum Assoc., 1991.

Sloan, Wm. David and James D. Startt, eds. The Media in America: A History, 4th ed.  Northport, AL: Vision Press, 1999.

Sloan, Wm. David, edMedia and Religion in American History.  Northport, AL: Vision Press, 2000.*

Smith, Carol, and Carolyn Stuart Dyer.  "Taking Stock, Placing Orders: A Historiographic Essay on the Business History of Journalism." Journalism Monographs No. 132 (April 1992).

Staiger, Janet, and Sabine Hake, eds. Convergence Media History. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Starr, Paul.  The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communications.  New York: Basic Books, 2004.

Startt, James D., and Wm. David Sloan.  The Significance of the Media in American History.  Northport, AL: Vision Press, 1994.

Steiner, Linda, and Clifford Christians.  Key Concepts in Critical Cultural Studies: The History of Communication. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Stephens, Mitchell.  A History of News.  3 ed.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Stevens, John D. and Hazel Dickin-Garcia.  Communication History.  Beverly Hills: Sage, 1980.

Streitmatter, Rodger.  From Perverts to “Fab Five”: The Media’s Changing Depiction of Gay Men and Lesbians.  New York: Routledge, 2009.

Streitmatter,  Rodger.  A Force for Good: How the American News Media Have Propelled Positive Change.  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.

Tebbel, John.  The Compact History of American Newspapers.  New York: Hawthorne Books, 1969.

Tebbel, John.  The Media in America: How They Have Shaped Our History and Culture.  New York: Crowell, 1974.

Tucher, Andie.  “Why Journalism History Matters: The Gaffe, the Stuff, and the Historical Imagination.”  American Journalism 31:4 (Fall 2014): 432-444.

Underwood, Doug.  From Yahweh to Yahoo: The Religious Roots of the Secular Press.  Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

Wallace, Aurora.  Newspapers and the Making of Modern America: A History.  Westport: Greenwood, 2005.

Weisberger, Bernard A.  The American Newspaperman.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Whitfield, Stephen J. “The Jewish Contribution to American Journalism.” American Journalism 3 (1986): 99–112.

Winseck, Dwayne R., and Robert M. Pike.  Communication and Empire: Media, Markets, and Globalization, 1860-1930.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

Wright, Russell O.  Chronology of Communication in the United States.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2004.

Wu, Tim.  The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires.  New York: Knopf, 2010.

 

Bibliographies and Reference Books [index]

Abrams, Alan E.  Journalist Biographies Master Index.  Detroit: Gale, 1979.

Albaugh, Gaylord P.  History and Annotated Bibliography of American Religious Periodicals and Newspapers, Established from 1730 though 1830.  Worcester: American Antiquarian Society, 1994.

Applegate, Edd, ed., Ad Men and Women: A Biographical Dictionary of Advertising. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Ashley, Perry J., edAmerican Newspaper Journalists, 1690-1872.  Detroit: Gale Research, 1985.

Ashley, Perry J., edAmerican Newspaper Journalists, 1873-1925.  Detroit: Gale Research, 1984.

Ashley, Perry J., edAmerican Newspaper Journalists, 1926-1950.  Detroit: Gale Research, 1984.

Ashley, Perry J., edAmerican Newspaper Publishers, 1950-1990.  Detroit: Gale Research, 1993.

Blanchard, Margaret A.  History of the Mass Media in the United States: An Encyclopedia.  Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998.

Burt, Elizabeth V.  Women's Press Organizations, 1881-1999.  Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Campbell, Georgetta M.  Extant Collections of Early Black Newspapers:  A Research Guide to the Black Press, 1880-1915.  Troy, NY: Whitston Publishing,1981.

Carothers, Diane F.  Radio Broadcasting from 1920 to 1990: An Annotated Bibliography.  New York: Garland Press, 1991.

Caswell, Lucy S.  A Guide to Sources in American Journalism History.  Westport: CT.: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Danky, James P., edAfrican-American Newspapers and Periodicals: A National Bibliography.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Daniel, Walter C., ed Black Journals of the United States.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Downing, John D. H.  Encyclopedia of Social Movement Media. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2011.

Downs, Robert B., and Jane B. Downs.  Journalists of the United States.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1991.

Enders, Kathleen L.  Trade, Industrial, and Professional Periodicals of the United States.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Evans, Charles.  American Bibliography.  14 Volumes.  New York: Peter Smith, 1941. (a "chronological dictionary of all books, pamphlets, and publications in the colonies and early United States, 1639-1820")

Gerould, Winifred Gregory.  American Newspapers, 1821-1936: A Union List of Files Available in the United States and Canada.  New York: H.W. Wilson Co.,1937.

Graham, Allison, and Sharon Monteith, edsThe New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Volume 18- Media.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Greenberg, Gerald S.  Tabloid Journalism: An Annotated Bibliography of English-Language Sources.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Haynes, John Earl.  “A Bibliography of Communism, Film, Radio and Television.”  Film History 16:4 (2004): 396-423.

Hoerder, Dick, ed The Immigrant Labor Press in North America, 1840s-1970s3 Volumes.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1987.

Hudson, Robert V.  Mass Media: A Chronological Encyclopedia of Television, Radio, Motion Pictures, Magazines, Newspapers, and Books in the United States.  New York: Garland, 1987.

Keever, Beverly Ann Deepe, Carolyn Martindale, and Mary Ann Weston, edsU.S. News Coverage of Racial Minorities: A Sourcebook, 1934-1996.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.

McKerns, Joseph P.  The Biographical Dictionary of American Journalism.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Milner, Anita Cheek.  Newspaper Indexes: A Location and Subject Guide for Researchers.  3 vols.  Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1977-1982.

Nelson, Ricahrd Alan.  A Chronology and Glossary of Propaganda in the United States.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Newcomb, Horace., ed.  Museum of Broadcast Communications Encyclopedia of Television.  3 vols.  Chicago: Ritzroy Dearborn, 1997.

Nimmo, Dan E., and Chevelle Newsome.  Political Commentators in the United States in the 20th Century: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook.  Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 1997.

Page, Yolanda Williams, ed.  Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers.  2 vols.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2007.

Paneth, Donald, edThe Encyclopedia of American Journalism.  New York: Facts on File, 1983.

Pollay, Richard W.  Information Sources in Advertising History.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Riley, Sam G. Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Roth, Mitchel P.  Historical Dictionary of War Journalism.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Schact, John.  A Bibliography for the Study of Magazines.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979.

Schwarzlose, Richard A.  Newspapers: A Reference Guide.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1987.

Sloan, Wm. David.  American Journalism History: An Annotated Bibliography.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Startt, James D.  Oral Histories Related to Journalism HistoryAmerican Journalism Historians Association, 1996.

Startt, James D. and Wm. David Sloan.  Historical Methods in Mass Communication.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1989.

Stempel, Guido H., ed.  Historical Dictionary of Political Communication in the United States.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Taft, William H. Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Journalists.  New York: Garland Press, 1986.

Vandenheuvel, Jon.  Untapped Sources: A Guide to Newspaper Archives and Histories.  New York: Gannett Foundation Media Center, 1991.

Vaughn, Stephen, ed.  Encyclopedia of American Journalism.  New York: Routledge, 2007.

Wright, Russell O.  Chronology of Communication in the United States.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2004.

Zuckerman, Mary Ellen.  Sources on the History of Women's Magazines: An Annotated Bibliography.  New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Postal Service [index]

Adelman, Joseph M. “‘A Constitutional Conveyance of Intelligence, Public and Private’: The Post Office, the Business of Printing, and the American Revolution.” Enterprise and Society 11 (December 2010): 709–752.

Bergmann, William H. “Delivering a Nation through the Mail: The Post Office in the Ohio Valley, 1789–1815.” Ohio Valley History 8 (Fall 2008): 1–18.

Brown, Jerald E. "It Facilitated Correspondence: The Post, Postmasters, and Newspaper Publishing in Colonial America."  Retrospection 2:1 (1989): 1-15.

Brown, Richard D. Knowledge is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700-1865. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Desai, Anuj C.  “The Transformation of Statutes into Constitutional Law: How Early Post Office Policy Shaped Modern First Amendment Doctrine.”  Hastings Law Journal 58 (March 2007): 671-727.

Dierks, Konstantin.  In My Power: Letter Writing and Communications in Early America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

Fowler, Dorothy.  Unmailable: Congress and the Post Office.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1977.

Fuller, Wayne E.  RFD: The Changing Face of Rural America.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1964.

Fuller, Wayne E.  The American Mail: Enlarger of the Common Life.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972.

Fuller, Wayne E.  Morality and the Mail in Nineteenth Century America.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Hecht, Arthur.  "Pennsylvania Postal History of the Eighteenth Century."  Pennsylvania History 30 (October 1963): 420-442.

Henkin, David M.  The Postal Age: The Emergence of Modern Communications in Nineteenth-Century America.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006

John, Richard. Spreading the News: The American Postal System from Franklin to Morse.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Kennedy, Jane.  “United States Postal Rates, 1848-1951.”  PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 1955.

Kielbowicz, Richard B.  News in the Mail: The Press, Post Office, and Public Information, 1700-1860s.  New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Rohrer, James R.  “Sunday Mail and the Church-State Theory in Jacksonian America.”  Journal of the Early Republic 7 (Spring 1987): 53-74.

Scheele, Carl H.  A Short History of the Mail Service.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1970.

Smith, William.  The History of the Post Office in British North America, 1639-1870.  New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1973.

Stewart, Robert K. "The Exchange System and the Development of American Politics in the 1820s." American Journalism 4 (1987): 30-42.

Van der Linden, F. Robert.  Airlines and Air Mail: The Post Office and the Birth of the Commercial Aviation Industry.  Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2002.

Verhoeven, Tim. “The Case for Sunday Mails: Sabbath Laws and the Separation of Church and State in Jacksonian America.” Journal of Church and State 55 (Winter 2013): 71–91.

 

News Services and Syndicates [index]

Allen, Gene.  “News Across the Border: Associated Press in Canada, 1894-1917.”  Journalism History 31:4 (Winter 2006): 206-216.

Associated Press.  Breaking News: How the Associated Press Covered War, Peace and Everything Else.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. 

Beard, Richard L., and Cyril E. Zoerner.  “Associated Negro Press: Its Founding, Ascendency, and Demise.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Spring 1969): 47-52.

Benet, Stephen Vincent. "The United Press." Fortune (May 1933): 67.

Blondheim, Menahem.  "The Click: Telegraphic Technology, Journalism, and the Transformation of the New York Associated Press."  American Journalism 17:4 (Fall 2000): 27-52.

Boyd-Barrett, Oliver.  The International News Agencies.  Beverly Hills: Sage, 1980.

Brooker-Gross, Susan R.  "News Wire Services in the Nineteenth-Century United States."  Journal of Historical Geography 7 (1981): 167-179.

Chandler, Robert J.  "The California News-Telegraph Monopoly, 1860-1870."  Southern California Quarterly 58 (Winter 1976): 459-484.

Cooper, Kent.  Kent Cooper and the AP: An Autobiography.  New York: Random House, 1959.

Dell’Orto, Giovanna.  AP Foreign Correspondents in Action.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Fenby, Jonathan.  The International News Services.  New York: Schocken Books, 1986.

Gordon, Gregory, and Ronald E. Cohen.  Down to the Wire: UPI's Fight for Survival.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989.

Gramling, Oliver. AP: The Story of the News.  Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1969.

Harnett, Richard M., and Billy G. Ferguson.  UNIPRESS: United Press International Covering the 20th Century.  Golden, CO: Fulcrum Press, 2003.

Hogan, Lawrence D.  A Black National News Service: The Associated Negro Press and Claude Barnett, 1915-1945. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1983.

Johanningsmeier, Charles.  Fiction and the American Literary Marketplace: The Role of Newspaper Syndicates, 1860-1900.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997

Johnson, James Wesley.  "The Associated Negro Press: A Medium of International News and Information, 1919-1967."  PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1976.

Knights, Peter R.  "The Press Association War of 1866-67." Journalism Monographs 6 (December 1967).

MacDougall, Curtis D.  “Newspaper Syndicates and their Social Significance.”  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (January 1942).

Marschall, Rick.  “King Features Marks a 75-Year Reign.”  Media History Digest 10:2 (Fall-Winter 1990): 60-64.

Morris, Joe Alex. Deadline Every Minute: The Story of the United Press.  Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1957.

Nalbach, Alex.  "Poisoned at the Source? Telegraphic News Services and Big Business in the Nineteenth Century."  Business History Review 77:4 (Winter 2003): 577-610.

Rantanen, Terhi. “Foreign Dependence and Domestic Monopoly: The European News Cartel and U.S. Associated Presses, 1861–1932.”  Media History (Abingdon) 12 (April 2006): 19–35.

Read, Donald.  The Power of News: A History of Reuters.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Rosewater, Victor. A History of Cooperative Newsgathering in America. New York: Appleton, 1930.

Schwarzlose, Richard A.  "The American Wire Services: A Study in their Development as a Social Institution." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois, 1965.

Schwarzlose, Richard A.   The Nation's Newsbrokers.  2 volumes.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1989-90.

Shmanske, Stephen. “News as a Public Good: Cooperative Ownership, Price Commitments and the Success of the Associated Press.” Business History Review 60, no.1 (Spring 1986): 55-80.

Silberstein-Loeb, Jonathan. “Exclusivity and Cooperation in the Supply of News: The Example of the Associated Press, 1893–1945.”  Journal of Policy History 24 (no. 3, 2012): 466–498.

Silberstein-Loeb, Jonathan.  The International Distribution of News: The Associated Press, Press Association, and Reuters, 1848–1947. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Smethers, J. Steven. "Pounding Brass for the Associated Press: Delivering News by Telegraph in a Pre-Teletype Era."  American Journalism 19 (Spring 2002): 13-30.

Swindler, William F.  "The AP Anti-trust Case in Historical Perspective."  Journalism Quarterly 23 (March 1946): 40-57.

UNESCO.  News Agencies: Their Structure and Functions.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1953.

Watson, Elmo Scott.  A History of Newspaper Syndicates in the United States, 1865-1935.  Chicago: Publishers' Auxiliary, 1936.

Cables and the Telegraph [index]

Andrews, Melodie.  "What the Girls Can Do: The Debate Over the Employment of Women in the Early American Telegraph Industry."  Essays in Economic and Business History 8 (1990): 109-120.

Blondheim, Menahem. News Over the Wires: The Telegraph and the Flow of Public Information in America, 1844-1897. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Briggs, Charles F.  The Story of the Telegraph, and a History of the Great Atlantic Cable.  New York: Rudd and Carleton, 1858.

Britton, John A.  Cables, Crises, and the Press: The Geopolitics of the New International Information System in the Americas, 1866-1903.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2013.

Brooker-Gross, Susan R.  "Nineteenth Century News Definitions and Wire Service Usage."  Journalism Quarterly 60 (Spring 1983): 25.

Carey, James W.  Communication As Culture: Essays on Media and Society.  Chapter 8 "Technology and Ideology: The Case of the Telegraph."  Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989.

Coe, Lewis.  The Telegraph: A History of Morse's Invention and Its Predecessors.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 1993.

Cowen, Ruth Schwartz.  A Social History of American Technology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

DuBoff, Richard D.  "The Rise of Communications Regulation: The Telegraph Industry, 1845-1860."  Journal of Communications 34 (Summer 1984): 52-66.

DuBoff, Richard D.  "The Telegraph in the Nineteenth Century: Technology and Monopoly." Comparative Studies in Society and History 26:4 (October 1984): 571-586.

Downey, Gregory J.  Telegraph Messenger Boys: Labor, Communication, and Technology 1850-1950.  New York: Routledge, 2002.

DuBoff, Richard B.  “The Rise of Communications Regulation: The Telegraph Industry, 1844-1880.”  Journal of Communication 34:3 (Summer 1984): 52-66.

Ely, Richard T.  "Should the Government Control the Telegraph?"  Arena (December 1895): 49-53.

Field, Henry M.  The Story of the Atlantic Telegraph.  New York: Scribner's, 1892.

Gordon, John Steele.  Thread Across the Ocean: The Heroic Story of the Transatlantic Cable.  New York: Walker & Co., 2002.

Headrick, Daniel R.  The Invisible Weapon: Telecommunications and International Politics 1851-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Hearn, Chester G.  Circuits in the Sea: The Men, the Ships, and the Atlantic Cable.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2004.

Hochfelder, David Paul.  "Taming the Lighting: American Telegraphy as a Revolutionary Technology, 1832-1860."  PhD dissertation, Case Western Reserve University, 1999.

Hochfelder, David.  The Telegraph in America, 1832-1920.   Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.

Kilmer, Paulette D. “A Wake-up Call for Zombies: The Telegraph as Wayward Spark.” American Journalism 17, no. 4 (2000): 93–94.

Lyons, Jeffrey K.  “The Pacific Cable, Hawai’i, and Global Communication.”  Hawaiian Journal of History 39 (2005): 35–52.

Muller, Simone.  Wiring the World: The Social and Cultural Creation of Global Telegraph Networks.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Nahlbach, Alex.  "Poisoned at the Source?  Telegraphic News Services and Big Business in the Nineteenth Century."  Business History Review 77 (Winter 2003): 577-610.

Nickles, David Paul.  Under the Wire: How the Telegraph Changed Diplomacy.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Nonnenmacker, Thomas.  "State Promotion and Regulation of the Telegraph Industry, 1845-1860."  Journal of Economic History 61 (March 2001): 19-36.

Parsons, Frank.  The Telegraph Monopoly.  Philadelphia: C.F. Taylor, 1899.

Plum, William Rattle.  The Military Telegraph During the Civil War in the United States.  2 vols.  New York: Arno, 1974.  reprint edition.

Risley, Ford. “Newspapers and Timeliness: The Impact of the Telegraph and the Internet.” American Journalism 17, no. 4 (2000): 97–103.

Scharlott, Bradford W.  "The Influence of the Telegraph on Wisconsin Newspaper Growth."  Journalism Quarterly 66 (Autumn 1989): 710-715.

Scharlott, Bradford W., and Mary Carmen Cupito. “Proto-Broadcasting in Cincinnati, 1847–1875: The Flow of Telegraph News to Merchants and the Press.”  Ohio Valley History 7 (Spring 2007): 32–46.

Segrave, Kerry.  Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance in America, 1862–1920. Jefferson: McFarland, 2014.

Staiti, Paul J.  Samuel F.B. Morse.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Standage, Tom.  The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's Online Pioneers.  New York: Walker & Co., 1998.

Thompson, Robert Luther.  Wiring a Continent:  The History of the Telegraph Industry in the United States.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947.

Vail, Alfred, and J. Cummings Vail.  Eyewitness to Early American Telgraphy.  New York: Arno Press, 1974.  (reprint of 1845 and 1914 publications)

Wenzlhuemer, Roland.  Connecting the Nineteenth-Century World: The Telegraph and Globalization.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Wheeler, Tom.  Mr. Lincoln’s T-Mails: The Untold Story of How Abraham Lincoln Used the Telegraph to Win the Civil War.  New York: Harper Collins, 2006.

Wolff, Joshua D.  Western Union and the Creation of the American Corporate Order, 1845-1893.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Sports Journalism [index]

Adelman, Melvin L.  A Sporting Time: New York City and the Rise of Modern Athletics, 1820-1870.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.

Anderson, William B. “Sports Page Boosterism: Atlanta and Its Newspapers Accomplish the Unprecedented.” American Journalism  17, no. 3 (2000): 89–107.

Anderson, William B.  "Does the Cheerleading Ever Stop?: Major League Baseball and Sports Journalism."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 78 (Summer 2001): 339-366.

Barber, Red.  The Broadcasters.  New York: DaCapo, 1985.

Berkman, Dave.  "Long Before Arledge:  Sports and Television, The Earliest Years- 1937-1947- as Seen by the Contemporary Press."  Journal of Popular Culture 22 (Fall 1988): 49-62.

Betts, John R.  "Sporting Journalism in Nineteenth Century America."  American Quarterly 5 (Spring 1953).

Bleske, Glen, and Chris Lamb.  "Democracy on the Field: The Black Press Takes on White Baseball."  Journalism History 24:2 (Summer 1998): 51-59.

Bloom, John.  There You Have It: The Life, Legacy, and Legend of Howard Cosell. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2010.

Bohn, Michael K.   Heroes and Ballyhoo: How the Golden Age of the 1920s Transformed American Sports. Dulles: Potomac, 2009.

Bowden, Mark.  The Best Game Ever: Giants vs. Colts, 1958, and the Birth of the Modern NFL.  Atlantic Monthly Press, 2008.

Cahan, Richard.  “Champions: Sports and the Chicago Daily News.” Chicago History 31 (Spring 2003): 20–41.

Carhalho, John.  “The Banning of Bill Tilden: Amateur Tennis and Professional Journalism in Jazz-Age America.”  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 84:1 (Spring 2007): 122-136.

Carroll, Brian. "From Fraternity to Fracture:  Black Press Coverage of and Involvement in Negro League Baseball in the 1920s." American Journalism 23:2 (Spring 2006): 69-95.

Carroll, Brian.  “This is IT: The PR Campaign by Wendell Smith and Jackie Robinson.” Journalism History 37: 3 (Fall 2011): 151-162.

Carroll, Brian.  When to Stop Cheering? The Black Press, the Black Community, and the Integration of Professional Baseball.  New York: Routledge, 2006.

Carvalho, John.  “Bad Times But Still Swingin': World Series Coverage Before and During the Depression."  NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture 13:1 (Fall 2004): 81-93.

Carvalho, John.  “Haunted by the Babe: Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick’s Columns about Babe Ruth.”  American Journalism 25:4 (Fall 2008): 65-82.

Catsis, John R.  Sports Broadcasting.  Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1996.

Chandler, Joan.  Television and National Sport:  The United States and Britain.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Cressman, Dale L. “The Pigskin and the Picture Tube: The National Football League’s First Full Season on the CBS Television Network.”  Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 51 (September 2007): 479–497.  

Deford, Frank.  Over Time: My Life as a Sportswriter.  New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2012.

Dinan, John.  Sports in the Pulp Magazines.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1998.

Drake, Robert.  “Jesse Who?  Race, the Southern Press, and the 1936 Olympic Games.” American Journalism 28:3 (Fall 2011): 81-110.

Drake, Robert. “Joe Louis, the Southern Press, and the ‘Fight of the Century.’” Sport History Review 43 (May 2012): 1–17.

Eskenazi, Gerald.  A Sportswriter's Life: From the Desk of a New York Times Reporter.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004.

Estes, David C.  "The Rival Sporting Weeklies of William Porter and Thomas Bangs Thorpe." American Journalism 2:2 (1985): 135-143.

Evensen, Bruce J.  "Jazz Age Journalism's Battle over Professionalization, Circulation, and the Sports Page."  Journal of Sports History 30 (Winter 1993).

Evensen, Bruce J.  "Cave Man" Meets "Student Champion": Sports Page Storytelling for a Nervous Generation during America's Jazz Age."  Journalism Quarterly 70 (1993) :767-79.

Evensen, Bruce J.  When Dempsey Fought Tunney: Heroes, Hokum, and Storytelling in the Jazz Age.  Knoxville: University of Kentucky Press, 1996.

Fetter, Henry D. “From ‘Stooge’ to ‘Czar’: Judge Landis, the Daily Worker, and the Integration of Baseball.”  American Communist History 6 (June 2007): 29–63.

Fisher, Heinz-Dietrich.  Sports Journalism at Its Best: Pulitzer Prize Winning Articles, Cartoons, and Photographs.  Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1995.

Fountain, Charles.  Sportswriter: The Life and Times of Grantland Rice.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.   (NY Tribune)

Fuller, Linda K., edSport, Rhetoric, and Gender: Historical Perspectives and Media Representations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Gallico, Paul.  Farewell to Sport.  New York: Knopf, 1940.  

Gamache, Raymond W.  “Evolution of the Sportscast Highlight Form: From Peep Show to Pathé to Pastiche.”  PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, 2008.

Gamache, Ray. “Sport as Cultural Assimilation: Representations of American Indian Athletes in the Carlisle School Newspaper.” American Journalism 26 (Spring 2009): 7–37.

Garrison, Bruce, and Mark Sabljak.  Sports Reporting.  Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1993.

Geltner, Ted.  Last King of the Sports Page: The Life and Career of Jim Murray.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2012.

Hagerman, Bonnie M.  "Skimpy Coverage: Sportswomen in Sports Illustrated, 1954-2000."  PhD dissertation, Ohio University, 2001.

Halberstam, David J.  Sports on New York Radio: A Play by Play History.  Chicago: Masters Press, 1999.

Harwell, Ernie.  Tuned to Baseball.  South Bend: Diamond Press, 1985.

Holtzman, Jerome.  No Cheering in the Pressbox.  New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1974.  (interwar sports writers)

Husing, Ted.  Ten Years Before the  Mike.  New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1935.  (early sports announcer for KDKA, CBS)

Hutchison, Philip J.  “Usually White, But Not Always Great: A Journalistic Archaeology of White Hopes, 1908-2013.”  Journalism History 39:4 (Winter 2014): 231-240.

Inabinett, Mark.  Grantland Rice and His Heroes: The Sportswriter as Mythmaker in the 1920s.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994.

Jolliffe, Lee, and J. Steven Smethers.  "The Role of Telegraphy in the Development of Radio Sportscasting: The Case of Baseball."  Journal of Radio Studies 1 (1992): 83-96.

Kaszuba, David.  “They Are Women, Hear Them Roar: Female Sportswriters of the Roaring Twenties.”  PhD dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, 2003.  

Kaszuba, Dave.  “Ringside, Hearthside: Sports Scribe Jane Dixon Embodies Struggle of Jazz Age Women Caught Between Two Worlds.”  Journalism History 35:3 (Fall 2009): 141-150.

Khan, Abraham Iqbal. Curt Flood in the Media: Baseball, Race, and the Demise of the Activist-Athlete. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012.

Koppett, Leonard.  Sports Illusion, Sports Reality: A Reporter's View of Sports, Journalism, and Society.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Koppett, Leonard.  The Rise and Fall of the Press Box.  Toronto: Sport Media Publishing, 2003.

Lamb, Chris, and Glen Bleske.  “The Road to October 23, 1945: The Press and the Integration of Baseball.”  Nine: A Journal of Baseball and Social Policy 6 (Fall 1997): 48-68.

Lamb, Chris, and Glen Bleske. "Democracy on the Field: The Black Press Takes on White Baseball."  Journalism History 24:2 (Spring 1998): 51-59.

Lamb, Chris.  Blackout: The Untold Story of Jackie Robinson's First Spring Training.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Lamb, Chris.  Conspiracy of Silence: Sportswriters and the Long Campaign to Desegregate Baseball.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2012.

Laucella, Pamela C.  Jesse Owens, the Press, and the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games.  New York: Routledge, 2009.

Leeke, Jim.  Ballplayers in the Great War: Newspaper Accounts of Major Leaguers in World War I Military Service.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2013.

Lever, Janet, and Stanton Wheeler.  "The Chicago Tribune Sports Page, 1900-1950."  Sociology of Sport Journal 1 (1994): 299-313.

Lorenz, Alfred Lawrence.  "In the Wake of the News: The Beginnings of a Sports Column, by HEK."  American Journalism 9 (Winter-Spring 1992): 65-86.

McCambridge, Michael. The Franchise: A History of Sports Illustrated.   New York: Hyperion, 1997.

McChesney, Robert W.  “Media Made Sport: A History of Sports Coverage in the United States,” in Media, Sports, and Society, ed. Lawrence A. Wenner.   Newbury Park: SAGE, 1989.

McNamee. Graham.  You're On the Air.  New York: Harper, 1926.  (early sports announcer for WEAF, NBC radio)

Massaro, John.  “Press Box Propaganda? The Cold War and Sports Illustrated, 1956.”  Journal of American Culture 26:3 (September 2003): 361-370.

Media History Digest 12:2 (Fall-Winter 1992).  Special issue on sports journalism

Montez de Oca, Jeffrey. Discipline and Indulgence: College Football, Media, and the American Way of Life during the Cold War. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2013.

O’Mahony, Mike. Olympic Visions: Images of the Games through History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Oriard, Michael.  Reading Football: How the Popular Press Created an American Spectacle.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Oriard, Michael.  King Football: Sport and Spectacle in the Golden Age of Radio and Newsreels, Movies and Magazines, the Weekly and the Daily Press. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Oriard, Michael. Brand NFL: Making and Selling America’s Favorite Sport.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.  

Oriard, Michael.  Bowled Over: Big-Time College Football from the Sixties to the BCS Era.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

O’Toole, Kathleen M. “Intercollegiate Football and Educational Radio: Three Case Studies of the Commercialization of Sports Broadcasting in the 1920s and 1930s.” PhD dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, 2010.

Parente, D. E.  "A History of Television and Sports."  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, 1975.

Patton, Phil.  Razzle Dazzle: The Inside Story of Network Television Sports.  New York: Dial Press, 1984.

Peterson, Jason.  “A ‘Race’ for Equality: Print Media Coverage of the 1968 Olympic Protest by Tommie Smith and John Carlos,” American Journalism, 26 (Spring 2009): 99–121.

Peterson, Jason A. “Full Court Press: How Mississippi Newspapers Helped Keep State College Basketball Segregated, 1955–1973.”  PhD dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 2011.

Peterson, Jason A.  “They Deserve a Stinging Defeat: How Mississippi Newspapers’ Coverage of the 1955 Junior Rose Bowl Protected a Closed Society.” American Journalism 29:2 (Spring 2012): 93-123.

Povich, Shirley.  All Those Mornings…at the Post: The Twentieth Century in Sports from the Famed Washington Post Columnist Shirley Povich.  New York: Public Affairs, 2006.

Powers, Ron. Supertube: The Rise of Television Sports. New York: Coward-McCann, 1984.

Primm, Eric, Summer DuBois, and Robert Regoli.  “Every Picture Tells a Story: Racial Representation on Sports Illustrated Covers.”  Journal of American Culture 30: 2 (June 2007): 222-231.

Rader, Benjamin G.  In Its Own Image: How Television Has Transformed Sport.  New York: The Free Press, 1984.

Rapoport, Ron, edFrom Black Sox to Three-Peats: A Century of Chicago’s Best Sports Writing from the Tribune, Sun-Times, and Other Newspapers.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Reisler, Jim.  Black Writers- Black Baseball: An Anthology of Articles from Black Sportswriters who Covered the Negro Leagues.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1994.

Reisler, Jim.  Guys, Dolls, and Curveballs: Runyon on Baseball.  New York: Carroll & Graff, 2005.

Ribowski, Mark.  Howard Cosell: The Man, the Myth, and the Transformation of American Sports.  New York: W.W. Norton, 2011.

Roberts, Randy, and James Olson.  Winning is the Only Thing: Sports in America Since 1945.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

Roessner, Lori Amber.  “Hero Crafting in Sporting Life, an Early Baseball Journal.” American Journalism 26 (Spring 2009): 39–65.

Roessner, Lori Amber.  “Remembering the Georgia Peach: Popular Press, Public Memory, and the Shifting Legacy of an (anti) Hero.”  Journalism History 36:2 (Summer 2010): 83-95.  (Ty Cobb)

Roessner, Lori Amber. “Coloring America’s Pastime: Sporting Life’s Coverage of Race and the Emergence of Baseball’s Color Line, 1883–1889.” American Journalism 28 (Summer 2011): 85–114.

Roessner, Amber.  Inventing Baseball Heroes: Ty Cobb, Christy Mathewson, and the Sporting Press in America.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2014.

Rondinone, Troy.  Friday Night Fighter: Caspar “Indio” Ortega and the Golden Age of Television Boxing.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2013.

Russell, Fred.  Bury Me in an Old Press Box: Good Times and a Life of a Sportscaster.  New York: A.S. Barnes, 1957.

Silber, Irwin.  Press Box Red: The Story of Lester Rodney, the Communist Who Helped Break the Color Line in American Sports.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003.

Silva, Tony.  Baseball Over the Air: The National Pastime on the Radio and in the Imagination.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2007.

Smith, Curt.  Voices of the Game: The First Full-Scale Overview of Baseball Broadcasting, 1921 to the Present.  South Bend: Diamond Press, 1987.

Smith, Curt.  Of Mikes and Men: From Ray Scott to Curt Gowdy.  South Bend: Diamond Press, 1998.

Smith, Ronald A.  Play By Play: Radio, Television, and Big-Time College Sport.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Sowell, Mike.  “Is She or Isn’t He? Exploring the Gender Identity Controversy Over the First Amendment Byline in a National Sports Publication.” Journalism History 37:4 (Winter 2012): 228-237.

Stevens, John D. "The Black Press and the 1936 Olympics."  American Journalism 14:1 (1997): 97-102.

Streible, Dan.  Fight Pictures: A History of Boxing and Early Cinema.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.

Sugar, Bert.  The Thrill of Victory: The Inside Story of ABC Sports.  New York: Hawthorne Books, 1978.

Tanner, Stacy Lynn. “On the Replay: The Paradox of the Reel Female Athlete in Early American Women’s Sport Cinema, 1924–1965.”  PhD dissertation, Florida State University, 2013.

TePoela, Dain. “Mary Garber’s Coverage of Black Sports in the U.S. Segregated South, 1944–1964.” International Journal of the History of Sport 31:3 (2014): 1598–1616.

Towers, Wayne M.  "World Series Coverage in New York City in the 1920s."  Journalism Monographs 73 (August 1981).

Trimble, Patrick Adam.  The Media and the Creation of Babe Ruth.  New York: Routledge, 2009.

Walker, James R., and Robert V. Bellamy Jr. Center Field Shot: A History of Baseball on Television. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008.

Williams, Linda D. "An Analysis of American Sportswomen in Two Negro Newspapers:  The Pittsburgh Courier, 1924-1948 and the Chicago Defender, 1932-1948." PhD dissertation, Ohio State University, 1987.

Woodward, Stanley.  Sports Page.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1949.

Woodward, Stanley.  Paper Tiger.  New York: Atheneum, 1964. 

Zingg, Paul, edThe Sporting Image: Readings in American Sport History.  Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1988.

 

Literary Journalism [index]

Applegate, Edd.  Literary Journalism: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Ashdown, Paul, ed.  Stephen Crane: Selected Journalism.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985.

Caron, James E. "Hunter S. Thompson’s ‘Gonzo’ Journalism and the Tall Tale Tradition in America." Studies in Popular Culture 8.1 (1985) 1-16. 

Connery, Thomas B.  A Sourcebook on American Literary Journalism: Representative Writers in an Emerging Genre.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Fishkin, Shelly F.  From Fact to Fiction: Journalism and Imaginative Writing in America.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Forde, Kathy Roberts. Literary Journalism on Trial: Masson v. New Yorker and the First Amendment. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008.

Frus, Phyllis.  The Politics and Poetics of Journalistic Narrative: The Timely and the Timeless.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Harsock, John C.  A History of American Literary Journalism: The Emergence of Modern Literary Form.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2000.

Hollowell, John.  Fact and Fiction: The New Journalism and the Nonfiction Novel.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977.

Kaul,  Arthur J.  American Literary Journalists, 1945-1995.  Detroit: Gale Research, 1997.

Kerrane, Kevin, and Ben Yagoda, edsThe Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism.  New York: Scribner's, 1997.

Krim, Seymour.  Views of a Nearsighted Cannoneer.  New York: Excelsior Press, 1961.

Krim, Seymour.  Shake it For the World, Smartass.  New York: The Dial Press, 1970.

Lounsberry, Barbara.  The Art of Fact: Contemporary Artists of Nonfiction.  New York: Greenwood, 1990.

Many, Paul A.  "Toward a History of Literary Journalism."  Michigan Academician 24 (Summer 1992): 559-570.

Mills, Nicolaus.  The New Journalism: A Historical Anthology.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.

Murphy, James E.  The New Journalism: A Critical Perspective.  Lexington: Association for Education in Journalism, 1974.

Robertson, Michael.  "Stephen Crane's New York City Journalism and the Oft-told Tale."  American Journalism 9 (Winter-Spring 1992): 7-22.

Roggenkamp, Karen H.  "Narrating the News: New Journalism and Literary Genre in Late Nineteenth Century American Newspapers and Fiction."  PhD dissertation, University of Minnesota, 2001.

Sims, Norman, edLiterary Journalism in the Twentieth Century.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.  (new edition available from Northwestern UP, 2008)

Sims, Norman, edThe Literary Journalists.  New York: Ballantine, 1974.

Sims, Norman, and Mark Kramer, eds Literary Journalism: A New Collection of the Best American Nonfiction. New York: Ballantine, 1994.

Sims, Norman.  True Stories: A Century of Literary Journalism.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2007.

Thorne, Ann.  “Developing a Personal Style: Janet Flanner’s Literary Journalism.”  American Journalism 23:1 (Winter 2006): 35-62.  

Underwood, Doug.  Journalism and the Novel: Truth and Fiction, 1700-2000.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Weber, Ronald.  The Reporter as Artist: A Look at the New Journalism Controversy.  New York: Hastings House, 1974.

Weber, Ronald.  The Literature of Fact: Literary Nonfiction in American Writing.  Athens: Ohio University Press, 1980.

Weingarten, Mark.  The Gang That Wouldn’t Write Straight: Wolfe, Thompson, Didon, and the New Journalism.  New York: Crown, 2005.

Whitt, Jan.  Settling the Borderland: Other Voices in Literary Journalism.  Lanham: University Press of America, 2008.

Wolfe, Tom.  The New Journalism.  New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Trade Associations, Education, Professionalization, and Ethics [index]

Asher, Brad. “The Professional Vision: Conflicts Over Journalism Education, 1900-1950.”  American Journalism 11:4 (1994): 304-20.

Baker, Elizabether F.  Printers and Technology: A History of the International Pressmen and Assistant's Union.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1957.

Banning, Stephen A. "The Professionalization of Journalism: A Nineteenth Century Beginning." Journalism History 24:4 (Winter 1998): 157-163.

Beasley, Maurine.  "The Women's National Press Club: A Case Study in Professional Aspirations."  Journalism History 15:4 (Winter 1988): 112-121.

Beasley, Maurine.  "Women in Journalism Education: The Formative Period, 1908-1930."  Journalism History 13:1 (Spring 1986): 10-18.

Berner, R. Thomas.  "Unitypo: The ITU's Editor and Publisher."  American Journalism 2 (1985): 144-164.
Birkhead, Douglas.  "Presenting the Press: Journalism and the Professional Project."  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 1982.

Birkhead, Douglas.  "The Power in the Image: Professionalism and the Commercial Revolution." American Journalism 1 (Winter 1984): 1-14.

Bjork, Ulf Jonas. “‘Scrupulous Integrity and Moderation’: The First International Organization for Journalists and the Promotion of Professional Behavior, 1894­1914.” American Journalism  22 (Winter 2005): 95­112.

Blanchard, Margaret A.  "Press Criticism and National Reform Movements: The Progressive Era and New Deal." Journalism History 5 (Summer 1978): 33.

Bostrom, Bert N.  Talent, Truth, and Energy: Society of Professional Journalists.  Chicago: SPJ, 1984.

Boylan, James.  Pulitzer's School: Columbia University's School of Journalism, 1903-2003.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Brasch, Walter M.  With Just Cause:  The Unionization of the American Journalist.  Lanham: University Press of America, 1991.

Brennan, Bonnie. "The Emergence of Class Consciousness in the American Newspaper Guild." In Class and News, edited by Don Heider, 233-47. Lanham, MD: Rowan & Littlefield, 2004.

Brogan, Patrick.  Spiked: The Short Life and Death of the National News Council.  New York: Priority Press, 1986.

Bronstein, Carolyn, and Stephen Vaughn.  "Willard G. Bleyer and the Relevance of Journalism Education."  Journalism and Mass Communication Monographs 166 (June 1998).

Burt, Elizabeth V.  "A Bid for Legitimacy: The Women's Press Club Movement, 1881-1900." Journalism History 23:2 (Spring 1997): 72-84.

Cloud, Barbara.  "News: Public Service or Profitable Property?" American Journalism 13:2 (Spring 1996): 141-156.

Commission on Freedom of the Press.  A Free and Responsible Press.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947.

Cronin, Mary M.  "Trade Press Roles in Promoting Journalistic Professionalism, 1884-1917."  Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8:4 (1993): 227-238.

Cronin, Mary M.  "Profits, Legitimacy, and Public Service: The Development of Ethics and Standards in New York City's Newspapers, 1870-1920."  PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, 1992.

Cronin, Mary M., and James B. McPherson.  "Pronouncements and Denunciations: An Analysis of State Press Association Ethics Codes from the 1920s."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 72 (1995): 890-901.

Cookman, Claude H.  A Voice is Born: The Founding and Early Years of the National Press Photographers Association.  Durham, NC: National Press Photographers Association, 1985.

Dicken-Garcia, Hazel.  Journalistic Standards in Nineteenth Century America. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.

Digbey-Junger, Richard.  "The Main Rendezvous of Men for Men of the Press: The Life and Death of the Chicago Press Club, 1880-1987."  Journal of Illinois History 1 (Winter 1998): 74-98.

Dooley, Patricia L.  Taking Their Place: Journalists and the Making of an Occupation.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Emery, Edwin.  History of the American Newspaper Publishers' Association.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1949.

Evansen, Bruce J.  "Journalism's Struggle Over Ethics and Professionalism During America's Jazz Age."  Journalism History 16:3 (Summer 1990): 54-63.

Fedler, Fred.  "Exploring the Historical Image of Journalists as Heavy Drinkers from 1850-1950."  American Journalism 14 (1997): 391-410.

Folkerts, Jean.  “History of Journalism Education.”  Journalism and Mass Communication Monographs 16:4 (Winter 2014): 227-299.

Fox Pitts, Alicia.  Read All About It! 50 Years of ASNE.  American Society of Newspaper Editors, 1974.

Glander, Timothy R.  "Education and the Mass Media: The Origins of Mass Communication Research in the United States, 1935-1955."  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, 1990.

Glende, Philip M. “Labor Makes the News: Newspapers, Journalism, and Organized Labor, 1933–1955.”  PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin- Madison, 2010.

Glende, Philip M.  “We Used Every Effort to be Impartial: The Complicated Response of Newspaper Publishers to Unions.”  American Journalism 29:2 (Spring 2012): 37-65.

Glende, Philip M.  “Trouble on the Right, Trouble on the Left: The Early History of the American Newspaper Guild.”  Journalism History 38: 3 (Fall 2012): 142-155.

Gottlieb, Agnes H.  "Networking in the Nineteenth Century: The Founding of the Woman's Press Club of New York City." Journalism History 21:4 (Winter 1995): 155-162.

Greuning, Ernest.  “Can Journalism be a Profession? A Study of Conflicting Tendencies.”  Century Magazine (September 1924): 687-702.

Hardt, Hanno and Bonnie Brennen, edsNewsworkers: Toward a History of the Rank and File.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995.*

Jacobson, Sol.  “The Fourth Estate: A Study of the American Newspaper Guild.”  PhD dissertation, New School for Social Research, 1960.

Kuczun, Sam. "History of the American Newspaper Guild." PhD diss., University of Minnesota, 1970.

Knowlton, Steven R., and Karen L. Freeman.  Fair and Balanced: A History of Journalistic Objectivity.  Northport, AL: Vision Press, 2005.

Kuczen, Sam.  “History of the American Newspaper Guild.” PhD dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1970.

Leab, Daniel K.  A Union of Individuals: The Formation of the American Newspaper Guild 1933-1936.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.

Mari, Will.  “Bright and Inviolate: Editorial-Business Divides in Early Twentieth-Century Journalism Textbooks.”  American Journalism 31:3 (Summer 2014): 378-399.

Mellinger, Gwyneth.  “Members of the Club: A Genealogy of the American Society of Newspaper Editors’ Diversity Initiative.”  PhD dissertation, University of Kansas, 2006).

Mirando, Joseph A.  “Journalism by the Book: An Interpretive Analysis of News Writing and Reporting Textbooks, 1867-1987.”  PhD dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 1992.

Mirando, Joe.  "Lessons on Ethics in News Reporting Textbooks, 1867-1997."  Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (1998):  26-39.

Mirando, Joe.  "Embracing Objectivity Early On: Journalism Textbooks in the 1800s."  Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16:1 (2001): 23-32.

Nemeth, Neil.  News Ombudsmen in North America: Assessing and Experiment in Social Responsibility.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2003.

Nerone, John C.  Last Rights: Revisiting Four Theories of the Press.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Nerone, John. “The Historical Roots of the Normative Model of Journalism.” Journalism 14 (May 2013): 446–458.

Osiel, Mark J.  "The Professionalization of Journalism: Impetus or Impediment to a Watchdog Press?"  Sociological Inquiry 56 (1986): 163-189.

Plaisance, Patrick Lee.  “The Gang of Pecksniffs Grows Up: The Evolution of Journalism Ethics Discourse in The Journalist and Editor and Publisher.”  Journalism Studies 6:4 (Nebember 2005): 479-491.

Pratte, Paul A.  Gods Within the Machine: A History of the American Society of Newspaper Editors.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Pratte, Alf.  “But there are Miles to Go’: Racial Diversity and the American Society of Newspaper Editors, 1922-2000.”  Journal of Negro History 86:2 (Spring 2001): 160-179.

Ranley, Donald P.  "The Challengers: Social Pressures on the Press, 1965-1975." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Missouri, 1975.

Rogers, Everett M., and Steven H. Chafee.  "Communication and Journalism from "Daddy" Blyer to Wilbur Schramm."  Journalism Monographs 148 (December 1994).

Rodgers, Ronald R.  “An Untamed Force: Magazine and Trade Journal Criticism of the New Journalism and the Rise of Professional Standards, 1890s to 1920s.”  PhD dissertation, Ohio University, 2005.  

Rodgers, Ronald R.  “Journalism is a Loose Jointed Thing’: A Content Analysis of Editor & Publisher’s Discussion of Journalistic Conduct Prior to the Canons of Journalism, 1900-1922.”   Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (April 2007): 66-82.

Ruttenbeck, Jeffrey.  "The Triumph of News Over Ideas in American Journalism: The Trade Journal Debate."  Journal of Communication Inquiry 18:1 (Winter 1994): 63-79.

Salcetti, Marianne. "Competing for Control of Newsworkers: Definitional Battles between the Newspaper Guild and the American Newspaper Publishers Association, 1937-1938." PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 1992.

Schacht, John N. The Making of Telephone Unionism, 1920-1947. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1985.

Scott, Dale Benjamin. “Labor’s New Deal for Journalism: The Newspaper Guild in the 1930s.”  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2009.

Shilen, Ronald.  “The Concept of Objectivity in Journalism in the United States.”  Phd dissertation, New York University, 1955.

Shorrock, William Joseph. "The American Newspaper Guild: A Study of Unionism among a Group of White-Collar Workers." MA thesis, University of Chicago, 1946.

Simpson, Roger. “‘Our Single Remedy for All Ills’: The History of the Idea of a National Press Council.” American Journalism 12, no. 4 (1995): 477–95.

Sloan, Wm. David, ed Makers of the Media Mind: Journalism Educators and Their Ideas.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1990.

Solomon, William S.  "Newsroom Managers and Workers: The Specialization of Editing Work."  American Journalism 10 (Winter-Spring 1993): 24-37.

Stensaas, Harlan S.  “The Objective News Report: A Content Analysis of Selected U.S. Daily Newspapers for 1865 to 1954.”  Phd dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 1987.

Sumpter, Randall.  “Core Knowledge: Early Reporting Textbooks and the Formation of Professional Identity.”  Journalism History 35:1 (Spring 2009): 42-51.

Sutton, Albert A.  Education for Journalism in the United States from Its Beginning to 1940.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1941.

Thornton, Brian. "Muckraking Journalists and Their Readers: Perceptions of Professionalism." Journalism History 21:1 (Winter 1995): 29-41.

Tracey, George A.  History of the Typographical Union.  Indianapolis: International Typographical Union, 1913.

Tuchman, Gaye. “Objectivity as Strategic Ritual: An Examination of Newsmen’s Notions of Objectivity.” American Journal of Sociology 77, no. 4 (January 1972): 660-679.

Wilson, Christopher P.  The Labor of Words: Literary Professionalism in the Progressive Era.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1985.

International Reporting [index]

(see also Biography and Memoirs)

Allen, Cleo Joffrion.  “Foreign News Coverage in Selected U.S. Newspapers, 1927–1997: A Content Analysis.”  PhD dissertation, Louisiana State University, 2005.

Asgarov, Asgar M. “Reporting from the Frontlines of the First Cold War: American Diplomatic Dispatches about the Internal Conditions in the Soviet Union, 1917–1933.” PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2007.

Associated Press.  Breaking News: How the Associated Press Covered War, Peace and Everything Else.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. 

Augspurger, Michael.  "Henry Luce, Fortune, and the Attraction of Italian Fascism."  American Studies 41 (Spring 2000): 115-139.

Bassow, Whitman.  The Moscow Correspondents: Reporting on Russia from the Revolution to Glasnost.  New York: Morrow, 1988.

Benjamin, Robert S., edEye Witness: By Members of the Overseas Press Club of America.  New York: Alliance, 1940.

Benjamin, Robert S., edThe Inside Story: By Members of the Overseas Press Club of America.  New York: Prentice-Hall, 1940.

Bjork, Ulf Jonas. “The Commercial Roots of Foreign Correspondence: The New York Herald and Foreign News, 1835–1839.” American Journalism 11, no. 2 (1994): 102–15.

Bjork, Ulf Jonas.  “Latest from the Canadian Revolution: Early War Correspondence in the New York Herald, 1837-1838.”  Journalism Quarterly 71:4 (Winter 1994): 851-860.

Bjork, Ulf Jonas. “Sketches of Life and Society: Horace Greeley’s Vision for Foreign Correspondence.” American Journalism 14, no. 3–4 (1997): 359–75.

Britton, John A.  "In Defense of Revolution: American Journalists in Mexico, 1920-1929."  Journalism History 5:4 (Winter 1978): 124-130.

Bromley, John C. “Richard Harding Davis and the Boer War.” American Journalism 7, no. 1 (1990): 12–22.

Broussard, Jinx Coleman.  African American Foreign Correspondents: A History.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.

Carroll, Gordon, edHistory in the Writing: By the Foreign Correspondents of Time, Life, and Fortune.  New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1945.

Cassara, Catherine.  "U.S. Newspaper Coverage of Human Rights in Latin America, 1975-1982."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 75:3 (Autumn 1998): 478-486.

Cold, Jaci, and John Maxwell Hamilton.  “A Natural History of Foreign Correspondence: A Study of the Chicago Daily News, 1900-1921.”  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 84:1 (Spring 2007): 151-166.  

Cole, Jaci, and John Maxwell Hamilton, edsJournalism of the Highest Realm: The Memoir of Edward Price Bell, Pioneering Foreign Correspondent for the Chicago Daily News.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007.

Crowl, James.  Angels in Stalin's Paradise: Western Reporters in Soviet Russia, 1917-1937.  Washington DC: University Press of America, 1982.

Culbert, David.  News for Everyman: Radio and Foreign Affairs in Thirties America. Westwood, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1976.

Dell 'Orto, Giovanna.  Giving Meaning to the World: The First U.S. Foreign Correspondents.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Dell’Orto, Giovanna.  American Journalism and International Relations: Foreign Correspondence from the Early Republic to the Digital Era.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Dell’Orto, Giovanna.  AP Foreign Correspondents in Action.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

DePalma, Anthony. The Man Who Invented Fidel: Castro, Cuba, and Herbert L. Matthews of the New York Times.  New York: Public Affairs, 2006.

Desmond, Robert W.  The Information Process: World News Reporting to the Twentieth Century.  Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1978.

Desmond, Robert W.  Windows on the World: World News Reporting, 1900-1920.  Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1981.

Desmond, Robert W.  Crisis and Conflict: World News Reporting Between Two Wars, 1920-1940. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1984.

Elliott, Jane. “Who Seeks the Truth Should Be of No Country: The British and American Press Report the Boxer Rebellion, June 1900.” American Journalism 13, no. 3 (1996): 255–85.

Emery, Michael.  On the Front Lines: Following America's Foreign Correspondents Across the Twentieth Century.  Lanham: University Press of America, 1995.

Evensen, Bruce J.  Truman, Palestine, and the Press: Shaping Conventional Wisdom at the Beginning of the Cold War.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Fleming, Angela Michelli, and John M. Hamilton, eds. The Crimean War: As Seen by Those Who Reported It, William Howard Russell and Others. Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2009.

Grierson, Don.  "Battling Censors, Chiding Home Office: Harrison Salisbury's Russian Assignment."  Journalism Quarterly 64 (1987): 313-16.

Hamilton, John Maxwell.  Journalism's Roving Eye: A History of American Foreign Reporting.  Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2009.

Hannerz, Ulf.  Foreign News: Exploring the World of Foreign Correspondents.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Hanson, HaldoreFifty Years Around the Third World: Adventures and Reflections of an Overseas American.  Flint Hill, VT: Fraser, 1986.

Hartwell, Dickson, and Andrew A. Rooney, edsOff the Record: The Best Stories of Foreign Correspondents.  Garden City: Doubleday, 1953.

Hawkins, Eric, and Robert N, Sturdevant.  Hawkins of the Paris Herald.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1963.

Hayden, Joseph H.  Negotiating in the Press: American Journalism and Diplomacy, 1918-1919.  Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2010.

Haygood, Daniel Marshall.  “Henry Luce’s Anti-Communist Legacy: An Analysis of U.S. Newsmagazines’ Coverage of China’s Cultural Revolution.”  Journalism History 35”2 (Summer 2009): 98-105.

Heald, Morrill.  Transatlantic Vistas: American Journalists in Europe, 1900-1940. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1988.

Heald, Morrell, ed. Journalist at the Brink: Louis P. Lochner in Berlin, 1922-1942. Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2007.

Hess, Stephen.  International News and Foreign Correspondence.  Rev. ed. Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 1995.

Hohenberg, John.  Foreign Correspondence: The Great Reporters and Their Times.  2ed.  Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Hosley, David.  As Good as Any: Foreign Correspondence on American Radio, 1930-1940. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Kane, Daniel.  "Each of Us in His Own Way: Factors Behind Conflicting Accounts of the Massacre at Port Arthur."  Journalism History 31:1 (Spring 2005): 23-33.

Kilgallen, Dorothy.  Girl Around the World.  Philadelphia: McKay, 1936.

Knudson, Jerry W.  "Herbert L. Matthews and the Cuban Story."  Journalism Monographs, no. 54 (1978).

Kriesberg, Martin.  “Soviet News in the New York Times.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 10:4 (Winter 1946-47): 540-564.

Kruglak, Theodore E.  The Foreign Correspondents: A Study of the Men and Women Reporting for the American Information Media in Western Europe.  Geneva: E. Droz, 1955.

Kubricht, A. Paul.  “Reporting the Cold War: The American Press Reports the 1948 Communist Rise to Power in Czechoslovakia,” in The Portrayal of Czechoslovakia in the American Print Media, 1938–1989, ed. Gregory C. Ference, 55–73. Boulder: East European Monographs, 2006.

Libbey, James K.  “Liberal Journals and the Moscow Trials of 1936-38.”  Journalism Quarterly 52 (Spring 1975): 85-92.

Lipstadt, Deborah. Beyond Belief: The American Press and the Coming of the Holocaust, 1933-1945. New York: Free Press, 1986.

MacKinnon, Stephen R. and Oris F.  China Reporting: An Oral History of American Journalism in the 1930s and 1940s.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Milton, Joyce.  The Yellow Kids: Foreign Correspondents in the Heyday of Yellow Journalism.  New York: Harper and Row, 1989.

Oestreicher, J.C.  The World is Their Beat.  New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1945.

Olasky, Marvin.  "Social Darwinism on the Editorial Page: American Newspapers and the Boer War."  Journalism Quarterly 65 (1988):420-24.

Perlmutter, David.  Picturing China in the American Press: The Visual Portrayal of Sino-American Relations in Time Magazine.  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007.

Perlmutter, David D., and John Maxwell Hamilton, eds. From Pigeons to News Portals: Foreign Reporting and the Challenge of New Technology.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007.

Putnis, Peter.  “Shipping the Latest News Across the Pacific in the 1870s: California’s News of the World.”  American Journalism 30:2 (Spring 2013): 235-259.

Randall, David.  The Great Reporters.  Ann Arbor: Pluto Press, 2005.

Ratliff, William E., ed.  The Selling of Fidel: The Media and the Cuban Revolution. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1987.

Robertson, Charles L.  The International Herald Tribune: The First Hundred Years.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Rosenblum, Mort.  Coups and Earthquakes: Reporting the World For America.  New York: Harper & Row, 1979.

Salisbury, Harrison E.  Heroes of My Time.  New York: Walker, 1993.

Schraeder,  Peter J., and Brian Endless.  “The Media and Africa: The Portrayal of Africa in the New York Times (1955-1995).”  Issue 26:2 (1998): 29-35.

Seelye, John.  War Games: Richard Harding Davis and the New Imperialism.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2003.

Shaber, Sarah R.  “Hemingway’s Literary Journalism: The Spanish Civil War Dispatches.”  Journalism Quarterly 57 (Autumn 1980): 420-424.

Stewart, Kenneth.  News is What We Make It: A Running Story of the Working Press.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943.

Sweeney, Michael S.  "Delays and Vexation: Jack London and the Russo-Japanese War."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 75:3 (Autumn 1998): 549-559.

Tuchinsky, Adam-Max.  "The Bourgeoisie Will Fall and Fall Forever: The New York Tribune, the 1848 French Revolution, and American Social Democratic Tradition."  Journal of American History 92:2 (September 2005): 470-492.

Tuohy, William.  Dangerous Company:  Inside the World’s Hottest Trouble Spots with a Pulitzer-Prize Winning War Correspondent.  New York: Morrow, 1987.

Webb, Shelia.  "An American Journalist in the Role of Partisan: Dickey Chapelle's Coverage of the Algerian War."  American Journalism 22:2 (Spring 2005): 111-134.

Weber, Ronald.  News of Paris: American Journalists in the City of Light between the Wars.  Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2006.

Wheeler, John F.  Last Man Out: Memoirs of the Last Western Journalist Castro Kicked Out in the 1960s.  Spokane: Marquette Books, 2008.

Zobrist, Benedict K.  “Edward Price Bell and the Development of the Foreign News Service of the Chicago Daily News.”  PhD dissertation, Northwestern University, 1953.

Press Criticism [index]

Berry, David, and John Theobald, eds.  Radical Mass Media Criticism: A Cultural Genealogy.  New York: Black Rose Books, 2006.

Blanchard, Margaret A.  "Press Criticism and National Reform Movements: The Progressive Era and New Deal." Journalism History 5 (Summer 1978): 33.

Brown, Lee.  The Reluctant Reformation: On Criticizing the Press in America.  New York: McKay, 1974.

Brown, Pamela A.  "George Seldes and the Winter Soldier Brigade: The Press Criticism of In Fact, 1940-1950."  American Journalism 6:2 (1989): 86-102.

Coyle, Erin.  “The Moral Duty of Publicity: Louis Dembitz Brandeis’ Crusades for Reform in the Press and Public Affairs, 1890-1916.”  Journalism History 35:3 (Fall 2009): 162-167.

Ferré, John P. “The Dubious Heritage of Media Ethics: Cause-and-Effect Criticism in the 1890s.” American Journalism 5, no. 4 (1988): 191–203.

Ghiglione, Loren.  Radio’s Revolution: Don Hollenbeck’s CBS Views the Press.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008.

Goldstein, Tom, ed.  Killing the Messenger: 100 Years of Media Criticism.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

Goodman, David. “The Tentacles of a Mighty Octopus: Right Populist Critiques of Early American Network Broadcasting.” Media History 20 (June 2014): 254–268. 

Harrison, Stanley L.  "The Wayward Press Revisited: The Contributions of Robert Benchley."  Journalism History 19 (1993): 19-25.

Hausman, Linda Weiner.  "Criticism of the Press in U.S. Periodicals, 1900-1939: An Annotated Bibliography."  Journalism Monographs No. 4 (August 1967).

Herbst, Susan.  "Assessing Public Opinion in the 1930s-1940s: Retrospective Views of Journalists." Journalism Quarterly 67 (1990): 943-49.

Hudson, Robert V.  “Will Irwin’s Pioneering Criticism of the Press.”  Journalism Quarterly 47 (Summer 1970): 263-271.

Irwin, Will.  Propaganda and the News, or What Makes you Think So?  New York: Whittlesey House, 1936.

Lehmann, Chris.  “A. J. Liebling and the Plight of Press Criticism.”  Raritan 26 (Summer 2006): 137–51.

Liebling, A. J.  The Press.  New York: Ballantine, 1961.

McChesney, Robert W., and Ben Scott.  Our Unfree Press: One Hundred Years of Radical Media Criticism.  New York: New Press, 2004.

Marzlof, Marion T.  Civilizing Voices: American Press Criticism 1880-1950.  New York: Longman, 1991.

Midura, Edmund.  “An Evaluation of A.J. Liebling’s Performance as Critic of the Press.”  PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 1969.

Midura, Edmund M.  "A.J. Liebling: The Wayward Pressman as Critic."  Journalism Monographs 33 (April 1974).

Nemeth, Neil.  “From Reporting Sleuth to Pioneer in Media Accountability: The Career of the New York World’s Isaac D. White.”  American Journalism 25:3 (Summer 2008): 7-29.

Ranley, Donald P.  "The Challengers: Social Pressures on the Press, 1965-1975." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Missouri, 1975.

Reynolds, Amy & Hicks, Gary. Prophets of the Fourth Estate: Broadsides by Press Critics of the Progressive Era. Los Angeles: Litwin Books, 2011.

Rodgers, Ronald R.  “The Problems of Journalism: An Annotated Bibliography of Press Criticism in Editor & Publisher, 1901-1923.”  Media History Monographs 9:2 (2007): 1-40.

Rodgers, Ronald R.  “Collier’s Criticism of the Press During the Norman Hapgood Years, 1902 to 1913.”  American Journalism 25:4 (Fall 2008): 7-36.

Trammell, James Young. “The Power of Religious Media Criticism: An Analysis of the Christian Film and Television Commission, 1985–2005.”  PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 2007.

Mass Media and Mass Culture [index]

Akin, William.  Technocracy and the American Dream.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Ashby, LeRoy.  With Amusement for All: A History of American Popular Culture Since 1930.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2006.

Best, Gary Dean.  The Nickel and Dime Decade: American Popular Culture during the 1930s.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1993.

Bledstein, Burton J. and Robert D. Johnson, eds. The Middling Sorts: Explorations in the History of the American Middle Class. New York: Routledge, 2001.*

Blumin, Stuart M.  The Emergence of the Middle Class: Social Experience in the American City, 1760-1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Boorstin, Daniel.  The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America.  New York: Atheneum, 1961.

Boyer, Paul.  By the Bomb's Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age. New York: Pantheon, 1985.

Boyer, Paul.  The Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820-1920. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Braudy, Leo.  The Frenzy of Renown: Fame and Its History.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, edBeyond Blackface: African Americans and the Creation of American Popular Culture, 1890-1930.   Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Bushman, Richard L.  The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities.  New York: Knopf, 1992.

Butsch, Richard, ed. For Fun and Profit: The Transformation of Leisure Into Consumption. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990.*

Butsch, Richard.  Making American Audiences: From Stage to Television.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.

Butsch, Richard.  The Citizen Audience: Crowds, Publics, and Individuals. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Coontz, Stephanie. The Way We Never Were: American Families and the Nostalgia Trap.  New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Cottrell, Robert C.  Icons of American Popular Culture: From P. T. Barnum to Jennifer Lopez.  Armonk: Sharpe, 2010.

Cox, Karen L. “The South and Mass Culture.” Journal of Southern History 75 (August 2009): 677–690.

Crowley, John E.  The Invention of Comfort: Sensibilities and Design in Early Modern Britain and Early America.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Douglas, Ann. The Feminization of American Culture. New York: Knopf, 1977.

Engelhardt, Tom.  The End of Victory Culture: Cold War America and the Disillusioning of a Generation.  New York: Basic Books, 1995.

Enstad, Nan.  Ladies of Labor, Girls of Adventure: Working Women, Popular Culture, and Labor Politics at the Turn of the Twentieth Century.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

Frost, Linda.  Never One Nation: Freaks, Savages, and Whiteness in U.S. Popular Culture, 1850-1877.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005.

Gorman, Paul R.  Left Intellectuals and Popular Culture in Twentieth-Century America.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Hale, Grace Elizabeth. A Nation of Outsiders: How the White Middle Class Fell in Love with Rebellion in Postwar America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Halttunen, Karen.  Confidence Men and Painted Women: A Study of Middle-Class Culture in America, 1830-1870. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Heinze, Andrew.  Adapting to Abundance: Jewish Immigrants, Mass Consumption, and the Search for American Identity. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.

Henriksen, Margot A.  Dr. Strangelove's America: Society and Culture in the Atomic Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Hilkey, Judy A.  Character is Capital: Success Manuals and Manhood in Gilded Age America.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Inniss, Sherrie.  Disco Divas: Women and Popular Culture in the 1970s.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

Kammen, Michael.  American Culture, American Tastes: Social Change and the 20th Century.  New York: Knopf, 1999.

Kenna, Laura Cook. “Dangerous Men, Dangerous Media: Constructing Ethnicity, Race, and Media’s Impact through the Gangster Image, 1959–2007.”  PhD dissertation, George Washington University, 2007.

Kuznick, Peter J. and James Gilbert, eds., Rethinking Cold War Culture. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001.*

Levine, Lawrence W.  Highbrow/ Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Lieberson, Stanley.  A Matter of Taste: How Names, Fashion, and Culture Change.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Lipsitz, George.  Class and Culture in Cold War America: A Rainbow at Midnight.  New York: Prager, 1981.

May, Elaine Tyler.  Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era. New York: Basic Books, 1988.

May, Lary, ed., Recasting America: Culture and Politics in the Age of Cold War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.*

Meyerowitz, Joanne.  “Beyond the Feminine Mystique: A Reassessment of Postwar Mass Culture, 1946-1958.”  Journal of American History 19:4 (March 1993):

Monoco, James, edCelebrity: The Media as Image Maker.  New York: Dell, 1978.

Pells, Richard.  Modernist America: Art, Music, Movies, and the Globalization of American Culture.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011.

Rubin, Joan Shelly.  The Making of Middlebrow Culture.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992. 

Saxton, Alexander.  The Rise and Fall of the White Republic: Class Politics and Mass Culture in Nineteenth-Century America.  London: Verso Books, 1990.

Smulyan, Susan. Popular Ideologies: Mass Culture at Mid-century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Snyder, Robert W.  The Voice of the City: Vaudeville and Popular Culture in New York.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Spiegel, Lynn.  Welcome to the Dreamhouse: Popular Media and Postwar Suburbs.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2001.

Strychacz, Thomas.  Modernism, Mass Culture, and Professionalism.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Susman, Warren I.  Culture as History: The Transformation of American Society in the Twentieth Century. New York: Pantheon, 1984.

Toll, Robert C.  On With the Show: The First Century of Show Business in America.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Tone, Andrea.  Devices and Desires: A History of Contraception in America.  New York: Hill & Wang, 2001.

Van Deburg, William L.  New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Walle, Alf H.  The Cowboy Hero and its Audience: Popular Culture as Market Derived Art.  Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Press, 2000.

Whitfield, Stephen J.  The Culture of the Cold War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

 

Journalism in the 1940s and 1950s [index]

Appy, Christian G., ed.  Cold War Constructions: The Political Culture of United States Imperialism, 1945-1966.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2000.

Allen, David S.  “The Pen and the Secret Sword: The CIA-News Media Relationship.” PhD dissertation, Penn State University, 1986.

Allen, Craig.  Eisenhower and the Mass Media: Peace, Prosperity, and Prime Time TV. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Alsop, Joseph, and Stuart Alsop.  The Reporter's Trade.  New York: Reynal & Company, 1959.

Alwood, Edward.  Dark Days in the Newsroom: McCarthyism Aimed at the Press.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2007.

Alwood, Edward.  “Watching the Watchdogs: FBI Spying on Journalists in the 1940s.”  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 84:1 (Spring 2007): 137-150.  

Alwood, Edward. “CBS Correspondent Winston Burdett and His Decision to Become a Government Witness in the Age of McCarthyism.” American Communist History 5 (December 2006): 153–67.

Alwood, Edward.  “The Spy Case of AP Correspondent William Oatis: A Muddled Victim/Hero Myth of the Cold War.”  Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 87:2 (Summer 2010): 263-280.

American Business Consultants.  Red Channels: The Report on Communist Influence in Radio and Television.  New York: n.p., 1950.

Andrews, Bert, and Peter Andrews.  A Tragedy of History: A Journalist’s Confidential Role in the Hiss-Chambers Case.  Washington DC: R.B. Luce Publishing, 1962.

Arant, Morgan David Jr.  "Journalist Mark Ethridge's Diplomatic Missions in Post-World War II Europe: The Making of a Cold Warrior." American Journalism 14:3-4 (1997): 336-58.

Aronson, James.  The Press and the Cold War.  New York: Monthly Review Press, 1980.

Babington, Stuart Carroll. “A Plurality of Voices? A Legal and Historical Study of Newspaper Competition in the United States, 1955–2005.”  PhD dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 2007.

Banning, Stephen A. “Courageous Performance: Examining Standards of Courage Among Small Town Investigative Reporters in the 1950s and 1960s.” American Journalism 17, no. 2 (2000): 53–68.

Bates, Stephen.  Realigning Journalism with Democracy: The Hutchins Commission, its Time, and Ours.  Washington DC: The Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies, 1995.

Baughman, James L. The Republic of Mass Culture: Journalism, Filmmaking and Broadcasting in America Since 1941.  3rd edBaltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

Baughman, James L. “Wounded but Not Slain: The Orderly Retreat of the American Newspaper,” in A History of the Book in America, vol. 5: The Enduring Book; Print Culture in Postwar America, ed. David Paul Nord, Joan Shelley Rubin, and Michael Schudson, 119–34. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Bayley, Edwin R.  Joe McCarthy and the Press.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1981.

Belfrage, Cedric.  The American Inquisition, 1945-1960.  Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973.  (also available in a 1989 paperback edition)

Belfrage, Cedric, and James Aronson.  Something to Guard: The Stormy Life of the National Guardian, 1948-1967.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

Berger, Meyer.  Meyer Berger's New York: A Great Reporter's Record of His Love Affair with the City.  New York: Fordham University Press, 2003.  reprint edition.

Bernstein, Carl.  “The CIA and the Media.”  Rolling Stone (20 October 1977): 55-67.

Bishop, Ronald.  “That is Good to Think of These Days: The Campaign by Hearst Newspapers to Promote Addition of ‘Under God’ to the Pledge of Allegiance.”  American Journalism 24:2 (Spring 2007): 61-85.

Blanchard, Margaret.  “The Hutchins Commission: The Press and Responsibility Concept.”  Journalism Monographs 49 (May 1977).

Blumberg, Nathan B.  One-Party Press?  Coverage of the 1952 Presidential Campaign in 35 Daily Newspapers.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1954.

Boyer, Paul.  By the Bomb’s Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age.  New York: Pantheon, 1985.

Boyle, Ryan. “A Red Moon over the Mall: The Sputnik Panic and Domestic America.” Journal of American Culture 31 (December 2008): 373–382.

Caudill, Susan.  "Trying to Harness Atomic Energy, 1946-1951: Albert Einstein's Publicity Campaign for World Government." Journalism Quarterly 68 (1991):253-62.

Cecil, Matthew.  “Friends of the Bureau: Personal Correspondence and the Cultivation of Journalist-Adjuncts by J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI.”   Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 88:2 (Summer 2011): 267-284.

Cecil, Matthew. “‘Whoa, Edgar’: The Des Moines Register and Tribune, Cowles Publications, and J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI.” Annals of Iowa 71 (Spring 2012): 111–136.

Cecil, Matthew.  Hoover’s FBI and the Fourth Estate: The Campaign to Control the Press and the Bureau’s Image.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2014.

Chafee, Zechariah.  Government and Mass Communications: A Report.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947.

Chomsky, Daniel. "Advance Agent of the Truman Doctrine: The United States, the New York Times, and the Greek Civil War." Political Communication 17 (October-December 2000): 415-432.

Commission on Freedom of the Press.  A Free and Responsible Press.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947.

Daniel, Douglas K.  "They Liked Ike: Pro-Eisenhower Publishers and his Decision to Run for President."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 77:2 (Summer 2000): 393-404.

Davies, David Randall.  "An Industry in Transition: Major Trends in American Newspapers, 1945-1965."  PhD dissertation, University of Alabama, 1997.

Davies, David R. “From Ridicule to Respect: Newspapers’ Reaction to Television, 1948-1960.”  American Journalism 15:4 (1998): 17-33.

Davies, David Randall.  The Postwar Decline of American Newspapers, 1945-1965.  Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 2006.

Deaver, Jean Franklin.  “A Study of Senator Joseph R. McCarthy and McCarthyism as Influences Upon News Media and the Evolution of Reportorial Method.”  Phd dissertation, University of Texas-Austin, 1969.

Elmore, Cindy.  “From Stars and Stripes Editor to FBI Informant: The Conflicting Loyalties of Kenneth Pettus.”  Journalism History 39:4 (Winter 2014): 250-257.

Endres, Kathleen L.  "National Security Benchmark: Truman, Executive Order 10290, and the Press."  Journalism Quarterly 67 (1990): 1071-1077.

Evensen, Bruce J.  "Surrogate State Department? Times Coverage of Palestine, 1948."  Journalism Quarterly 67 (1990):391-400.

Evensen, Bruce J.  Truman, Palestine, and the Press: Shaping Conventional Wisdom at the Beginning of the Cold War.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Evensen, Bruce J. "Following a Famous President: Truman's Troubles With an Independent Minded Press." American Journalism 12 (Summer 1995): 242-259.

Feighery, Glen M. “‘A Light Out of This World’: Awe, Anxiety, and Routinization in Early Nuclear Test Coverage, 1951–1953.” American Journalism 28 (Summer 2011): 9–34.

Fejes, Fred.  “Murder, Perversion, and Moral Panic: The 1954 Media Campaign Against Miami’s Homosexuals and the Discourse of Civic Betterment.”  Journal of the History of Sexuality 9:3 (July 2000): 305-347.

Feldstein, Mark.  "Fighting Quakers: The 1950s Battle Between Richard Nixon and Drew Pearson."  Journalism History 30:2 (Summer 2004): 76-90.

Feltman, Brian K.  “Legitimizing Justice: The American Press and the International Military Tribunal, 1945-1946.”  Historian 66:2 (2004): 300-319.

Foster, H. Schuyler.  Activism Replaces Isolationism: US Public Attitudes, 1940-1975.  Washington DC: Foxhill Press, 1983.

Fousek, John.  To Lead the Free World: American Nationalism and the Cultural Roots of the Cold War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Friedman, Andrea.  “The Smearing of Joe McCarthy: The Lavender Scare, Gossip, and Cold War Politics” American Quarterly 57 (Dec. 2005): 1105–29.

Frost, Jennifer. “‘Good Riddance to Bad Company’: Hedda Hopper, Hollywood Gossip, and the Campaign against Charlie Chaplin, 1940–1952.”  Australasian Journal of American Studies (Ipswich) 26 (December 2007): 74–88.

Frost, Jennifer. “Hollywood Gossip as Public Sphere: Hedda Hopper, Reader-Respondents, and the Red Scare, 1947–1965.” Cinema Journal 50 (Winter 2011): 84–103.

Gienow-Hecht, Jessica.  Transmission Impossible: American Journalism as Cultural Diplomacy in Postwar Germany, 1945-1955.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999.

Gilbert, James B. A Cycle of Outrage: America's Reaction to the Juvenile Delinquent in the 1950s.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Grierson, Don.  "Battling Censors, Chiding Home Office: Harrison Salisbury's Russian Assignment."  Journalism Quarterly 64 (1987): 313-16.

Guth, David W. “Ike’s Red Scare: The Harry Dexter White Crisis.” American Journalism  13, no. 2 ( 1996): 157–75.

Heflin, Kristen. “The Future Will Be Televised: Newspaper Industry Voices and the Rise of Television News.” American Journalism 27 (Spring 2010) 87–110.

Herzberg, Joseph G.  Late City Edition.  New York: Holt, 1947.

Hixson, Walter L. Parting the Curtain: Propaganda, Culture, and the Cold War 1945-1961. New York: St. Martin's, 1997.

Horowitz, Daniel. Vance Packard and American Social Criticism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Jacobs, Robert A.  The Dragon’s Tail: Americans Face the Atomic Age.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2010.

Johnson, Ralph H., and Michael Altman.  “Communists in the Press: A Senate Witch Hunt of the 1950s Revisited.”  Journalism Quarterly 55 (Autumn 1978): 487-493.

Keeley, Edmund.  The Salonika Bay Murder: Cold War Politics and the Polk Affair.  Princeton: Princeton University PRess, 1989.

Kennedy, George.  “Advocates of Openness: The Freedom of Information Movement.”  PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1978.

Lane, Julie B.  "From Cab Rides to the Cold War: Richard Rovere, The New Yorker, and Postwar Washington."  Journalism History 36:1 (Spring 2010): 2-12.

Lane, Julie B.  “Positioning for Battle: The Ideological Struggle over Senator Joseph McCarthy and the American Establishment.”  American Journalism 33:1 (Spring 2016): 61-85.

Leff, Laurel.  Buried by the Times: The Holocaust and America’s Most Important Newspaper.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Lemelin, Bernard.  “An Isolationist Newspaper in an Internationalist Era: The Chicago Tribune and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1945–1960.” Journal of Illinois History 9 (Winter 2006): 234–64.

Lentz, Richard, and Karla K. Gower.  The Opinions of Mankind: Racial Issues, Press, and Propaganda in the Cold War.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2010.

Leslie, Larry Z.  “Newspaper Photo Coverage of the Censure of McCarthy.”  Journalism Quarterly 63 (Winter 1986): 850-853.

Liebovich, Louis. The Press and the Origins of the Cold War, 1944-1947. New York: Praeger, 1988.

Lindstrom, Carl E.  The Fading American Newspaper.  Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1960.

Loory, Stuart H.  “The CIA’s Use of the Press: a ‘Mighty Wurlitzer.”  Columbia Journalism Review (September/October 1974): 9-17.

Lule, Jack.  "I.F. Stone: The Practice of Reporting."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 72:3 (Autumn 1995): 499-511.

Lyons, Louis M., ed.  Reporting the News: Selections from the Nieman Reports.   Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1965.

McConaghy, Lorraine.  “The Seattle Times’ Cold War Pulitzer Prize.”  Pacific Northwest Quarterly 89:1 (Winter 1997/1998): 21-32. 

McConnell, Jane S.  "Choosing a Team for Democracy: Henry R. Luce and the Commission on Freedom of the Press."  American Journalism 14:2 (Winter 1997): 148-163.

McIntyre, Jerilyn S. “Repositioning a Landmark: The Hutchins Commission and Freedom of the Press.” Critical Studies in Mass Communication 4, no. 2 (June 1987): 136-160.

Maney, Patrick J.  “Morris H. Rubin, The Progressive, and Cold War Liberalism.”  Wisconsin Magazine of History 67:3 (Spring 1984): 185-198.

Marlin, Cheryl L.  "Space Race Propaganda: U.S. Coverage of the Soviet Sputniks in 1957."  Journalism Quarterly 64 (1987):544-49.

Mellinger, Gwyneth.  “The ASNE and Desegregation: Maintaining the White Prerogative in the Face of Change.”  Journalism History 34:3 (Fall 2008): 135-144.

Milkman, Paul.  PM: A New Deal in Journalism, 1940-1948. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997.

Miller, Karen S.  "Typical Slime by Joe McCarthy: Ralph McGill and Anti-McCarthyism in the South."  American Journalism 13:3 (Summer 1996): 319-332.

Mitchell, Franklin D.  Harry S. Truman and the News Media. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1998.

Mollenhoff, Clark.  Washington Cover-Up.  New York: Doubleday, 1962.  (40s/50s)

Nagy, Alex. “Foreign Embassies in the United States as Communist Propaganda Sources: 1945–1960.” American Journalism 14, no. 1 (1997): 76–91.

Nerone, John C., edLast Rights: Revisiting Four Theories of the Press.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Neville, John F.  The Press, the Rosenbergs, and the Cold War.  New York: Praeger, 1995.

Newman, James R.  “Controlling Information Relating to Atomic Energy.”   The Yale Law Review 56:5 (May 1947): 769-802.

Neiva, Elizabeth MacIver.  “Chain Building: The Consolidation of the American Newspaper Industry, 1953-1980.”  Business History Review 70:1 (Spring 1996): 1-42.

Peck, Janice, and Inger L. Stole, edsA Moment of Danger: Critical Studies in the History of U.S. Communications Since World War II.  Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2011.

Pickard, Victor. “‘Whether the Giants Should Be Slain or Persuaded to Be Good’: Revisiting the Hutchins Commission and the Role of Media in a Democratic Society.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 27 (October 2010): 391–411.

Porter, Patrick. “Beyond the American Century: Walter Lippmann and American Grand Strategy, 1943–1950,” Diplomacy and Statecraft 22:4 (2011): 557–577.

Rabe, Robert A.  "Reporter in a Troubled World: Marquis W. Childs and the Rise and Fall of Postwar Liberalism," PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 2013.

Reporting Civil Rights: American Journalism 1941-1973.  2 vols.  New York: Library of America, 2003.

Rojecki, Andrew.  Silencing the Opposition: Antinuclear Movements and the Media in the United States.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Rowse, Arthur E.  Slanted News.  Boston: Beacon Books, 1957.

Ruff, Allan.  We Called Each Other Comrade: Charles H. Kerr & Co., Radical Publishers.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Rutland, Robert A.  The Newsmongers: Journalism in the Life of the Nation.  New York: Dial Press, 1973.

Schwartz, Richard Alan.  Cold War Culture: Media and the Arts, 1945-1990.  New York: Checkmark Books, 1990.

Seldes, George.  The People Don't Know: The American Press and the Cold War.  New York: Gaer Associates, 1949.

Siebert, Fred S., Theodore Peterson, and Wilbur Schram. Four Theories of the Press: The Authoritarian, Libertarian, Social Responsibility, and Soviet Communist Concepts of What the Press Should Be and Do. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1956.

Sharp, Joanne P.  Condensing the Cold War: Reader’s Digest and American Identity. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Siebert, Frederick S., Theodore Peterson, and Wilbur Schramm.  Four Theories of the Press.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1956.

Spaulding, Stacy.  “Off the Blacklist, but Still a Target: The Anti-Communist Attacks on Lisa Sergio.”  Journalism Studies 10:6 (2009): 789-804.

Spigel, Lynn.  Welcome to the Dreamhouse: Popular Media and Postwar Suburbs.  Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Stewart, Kenneth N.  Makers of Modern Journalism.  New York: Prentice-Hall, 1952.

Stimson, William. “Westbrook Pegler: Brat of the Whole Neighborhood.” American Journalism  11, no. 3 (1994): 270–73.

Strout, Lawrence N.  Covering McCarthyism: How the Christian Science Monitor Handled Joseph R. McCarthy, 1950-1954.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Summers, Robert E., ed.  Federal Information Controls in Peacetime.  New York: H.W. Wilson, 1949.

Teel, Leonard Ray. “The Shaping of a Southern Opinion Leader: Ralph McGill and Freedom of Information.” American Journalism 5 (1988): 14–27.

Thornton, Brian.  “Published Reaction When Murrow Battled McCarthy.”  Journalism History 29:3 (2003): 133-146.

Tootle, Stephen Keith.  “Political Pundits, Conventional Wisdom, and Presidential Reputation.”  Phd dissertation, Ohio University, 2004.

Tracy, James F.  Strikebusting in St. Petersburg:  Nelson Poynter’s Postwar Assault on Union Printers.”  American Journalism 25:4 (Fall 2008): 37-63.

Tuck, Jim.  McCarthyism and Hearst's Press.  Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield, 1995.

Uhm, Kiyu.  “The Cold War Communication Crisis: The Right to Know Movement.”   Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 82:1 (Spring 2005): 131-147.

U.S. Senate, Committee to Study the Problems of Small Business, 80th Congress, 1st Session.  Survival of a Free Competitive Press: The Small Newspaper, Democracy’s Grass Roots.  Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1947.

Walker, James R.  "Old Media on New Media: National Popular Press Reaction to Mechanical Television."  Journal of Popular Culture 25 (Summer 1991): 21-29.

Wallace, Aurora.  Newspapers and the Making of Modern America: A History.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005.

Wasniewski, Matthew A.  “Walter Lippmann, Strategic Internationalism, the Cold War, and Vietnam, 1943-1967.”  PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, 2004.

Webb, Shelia.  “Prowess Unlimited: The Portrayal of Science and Technology in Life, 1936-41.” Journalism History 35:4 (Winter 2010): 194-203.

Weisberger, Bernard A.  The American Newspaperman.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

White, Llewellyn, and Robert D. Leigh. Peoples Speaking to Peoples: A Report on International Mass Communication from the Commission on Freedom of the Press. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946.

Wilford, Hugh.  Playing the CIA’s Tune?  The New Leader and the Cultural Cold War.  Diplomatic History 27:1 (January 2003): 15-34.

Winchell, Walter.  Winchell Exclusive.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1975.

Witwer, David.  "Westbrook Pegler and the Anti-Union Movement."  Journal of American History 92:2 (September 2005): 527-552.

Yang, Mei-Ling.  “Women’s Pages or People’s Pages? The Production of News for Women in the Washington Post in the 1950s.”  Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 73 (Summer 1996): 364-378.

Yarrow, Andrew L.  “The Big Postwar Story: Abundance and the Rise of Economic Journalism.”  Journalism History 32:2 (Summer 2006): 58-76.

Zeman, Scott C.  "’Taking Hell's Measurements’: Popular Science and Popular Mechanics Magazines and the Atomic Bomb from Hiroshima to Bikini." Journal of Popular Culture 41: 4 (2008): 695-711.

 

Mass Media and Historical Memory [index]

Bodnar, John.  Remaking America: Public Memory, Commemoration, and Nationalism in the Twentieth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Carlson, Matt. “Embodying Deep Throat: Mark Felt and the Collective Memory of Watergate.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 27 (August 2010): 235–250.

Christiansen, Erik.  Channeling the Past: Politicizing History in Postwar America.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2013.

Custen, George F.  Bio/Pics: How Hollywood Constructed Public History.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Edy, Jill A.  Troubled Pasts: News and the Collective Memory of Social Unrest.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2006.

Fahs, Alice. "The Market Value of Memory: Popular War Histories and the Northern Literary Marketplace, 1861-1868." Book History 1 (1998): 107-39.

Flamiano, Dolores L.  "Larger Than Life: Collective Memory and Gender in Life Magazine's Photo Essay, Photographic Pin-Up, and Commemorative Photojournalism."  PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2000.

Grainge, Paul.  TIME’s Past in the Present: Nostalgia and the Black and White Image.”  Journal of American Studies 33:3 (December 1999): 383-392.

Hansen, Joanne-Garde, Hoskins, Andrew & Reading, Anna, Eds. Save As...Digital Memories. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Hume, Janice.  "Lincoln was a Red and Washington a Bolshevik:  Public Memory as Persuader in the Appeal to Reason."  Journalism History 28:4 (Winter 2003): 172-181.

Hume, Janice.  "Press, Published History, and Regional Lore: Shaping the Public Memory of a Revolutionary War Heroine."  Journalism History 30:4 (Winter 2005): 200-209.

Hume, Janice, and Noah Arceneaux.  “Public Memory, Cultural Legacy, and Press Coverage of the Juneteenth Revival.”  Journalism History 34:3 (Fall 2008): 155-162.

Hume, Janice, and Amber Roessner.  “Surviving Sherman’s March: Press, Public Memory, and Georgia’s Salvation Mythology.”   Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 86:1 (Spring 2009): 119-137.

Hume, Janice.  “Building an American Story: How Early American Historians Used Press Sources to Remember the Revolution.” Journalism History 37: 3 (Fall 2011): 172-180.

Hume, Janice.  Popular Media and the American Revolution: Shaping Collective Memory.  New York: Routledge, 2014.

Kitch, Carolyn.  "Twentieth Century Tales: Newsmagazines and American Memory."  Journalism and Communication Monographs 1:2 (Summer 1999): 121-155.

Kitch, Carolyn.  "Anniversary Journalism, Collective Memory, and Cultural Authority to Tell the Story of the American Past."  Journal of Popular Culture 36 (Summer 2002): 44-67.

Kitch, Carolyn.  Pages From the Past: History and Memory in American Magazines.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Landsberg, Alison.  Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Landy, Marcia, ed. The Historical Film: History and Memory in Media.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Leavy, Patricia.  Iconic Events: Media, Politics, and Power in Retelling History.  Lanham: Lexington Books, 2007.

Lipsitz, George.  Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1990.

Novick, Peter.  The Holocaust in American Life.  New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

Russell, Karen Miller, Janice Hume, and Karen Sichler.Libbie Custer’s ‘Last Stand’: Image Restoration, the Press, and Public Memory.” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 84 (Autumn 2007): 582–99.

Paris, Michael, ed.  Repicturing the Second World War: Representations in Film and Television.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Pfitzer, Gregory M.  Picturing the Past: Illustrated Histories and the American Imagination, 1840-1900.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002.

Rollins, Peter C., and John E. O´Connor, eds.  Why We Fought: America’s Wars in Film and History.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2008.

Rubeck, Tracie L.  “Racial Harmony through Clenched Teeth: Remembering the Civil Rights Movement in ‘Newsweek’ and the ‘CBS Evening News,’ 1990–1999.”  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 2006.

Sachsman, David B., S. Kittrell Rushing, and Roy Morris Jr., eds. Memory and Myth: The Civil War in Fiction and Film from Uncle Tom’s Cabin to Cold Mountain. West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, 2007.

Schudson, Michael.  Watergate in American Memory. New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Sodergren, Steven E. “‘The Great Weight of Responsibility’: The Struggle over History and Memory in Confederate Veteran Magazine.” Southern Cultures 19 (Fall 2013): 26–45.

“Social Memory and Media.”  Media, Culture, and Society 25 (Jan. 2003), 5–106.  (special issue)

Spratt, Meg.  “When Police Dogs Attacked: Iconic News Photographs and Construction of History, Mythology, and Political Discourse.”  American Journalism 25 (Spring 2008): 85–105. Heavily illustrated.

Thelen, David, edMemory and American History.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.*

Winfield, Betty Houchin, and Janice Hume.  “The Continuous Past: Historical Referents in Nineteenth-Century Journalism.”  Journalism and Communication Monographs 9:3 (Summer 2007): 119-174.

Zelizer, Barbie. Covering the Body: The Kennedy Assassination, the Media, and the Shaping of Collective Memory.   Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Zelizer, Barbie, and Keren Tenemboim-Weinblatt, edsJournalism and Memory.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Journalism and the Recent Past: 1960s and Beyond [index]

Ackland, Len.  "The Press, National Security, and Nuclear Weapons: Lessons From Rocky Flats."  Journal of Land, Resources, and Environmental Law 24:1 (2004): 17-28.

Adler, Ruth.  The Working Press.  New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1966.  (NY Times “stories behind the stories”)

Alexander, Douglas A. "The Muckraking Books of Pearson, Allen, and Anderson."  American Journalism 2:1 (1985): 5-21.

Allen, David S.  “The Pen and the Secret Sword: The CIA-News Media Relationship.” PhD dissertation, Penn State University, 1986.

Altschull, Herbert.   Agents of Power: The Role of the News Media in Human Affairs.  New York: Longman, 1984.

Anderson, Jack.  The Anderson Papers.  New York: Random House, 1973.

Andrews, Kenneth T., and Michael Biggs. “The Dynamics of Protest Diffusion: Movement Organizations, Social Networks, and News Media in the 1960 Sit-Ins.” American Sociological Review 71 (Oct. 2006): 752–777.

Aronson, James.  Deadline for the Media.  Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1972.

Ashley, Laura, and Beth Olson.  "Constructing Reality: Print Media's Framing of the Women's Movement, 1966-1986."  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 75:2 (Summer 1998): 263-276.

Atwood, Elizabeth.  “Reaching the Pinnacle of the Punditocracy: James J. Kilpatrick’s Journey from Segregationist Editor to National Opinion Shaper.” American Journalism 31:3 (Summer 2014): 358-377.

Aucoin, James L. "The Re-emergence of American Investigative Journalism, 1960-1975." Journalism History 21:1 (Winter 1995): 3-15.

Aucoin, James L.  The Evolution of Investigative Journalism.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.

Babington, Stuart C. “Newspaper Monopolies under the Microscope: The Celler Hearings of 1963.” American Journalism 28 (Spring 2011): 112–136.

Bagdikian, Ben.  The Effete Conspiracy and Other Crimes by the Press.  New York: Harper and Row, 1972.

Bagdikian, Ben.  “The Fruits of Agnewism.”  Columbia Journalism Review (January/February 1973): 9-23.

Bagdikian, Ben. The Media Monopoly. 6th ed.  Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.

Baldwin, Hanson W.  “Managed News: Our Peacetime Censorship.”  Atlantic Monthly (April 1963): 53-59.

Barrett, Edward W.  Journalists in Action.  Manhasset, NY: Channel Press, 1963.

Baughman, James L. The Republic of Mass Culture: Journalism, Filmmaking and Broadcasting in America Since 1941.  3rd edBaltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

Baughman, James L. “There Were Two Gerald Fords: John Hersey and Richard Reeves Profile a President.” American Literary History 24 (Fall 2012): 444–467.

Bedingfield, Sid.  “Partisan Journalism and the Rise of the Republican Party in South Carolina, 1959-1962.”  Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 90:1 (Spring 2013): 5-22.

Benjaminson, Peter.  Death in the Afternoon: America's Newspaper Giants Struggle for Survival.  Kansas City: Andrews, McNeel, and Parker, 1984.

Benson, Thomas W.  Writing JFK: Presidential Rhetoric and the Press in the Bay of Pigs Crisis.  College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2004.

Bethell, Thomas.  “The Myth of an Adversary Press.”  Harper’s (January 1977): 33-40.

Blumberg, Nathan.  “Misreporting the Peace Movement.”  Columbia Journalism Review 9 (Winter 1970-71): 28-32.

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